About This Chapter
Stereotypes, Discrimination & Prejudice in Social Psychology - Chapter Summary
Study stereotypes, discrimination and prejudice in social psychology concepts with help from this chapter's entertaining lessons. Our experts make it simple to grasp topics that include the origins of prejudice, sexism and patriarchy, prejudice in the classroom and gender changes over time. Completing this chapter will enable you to:
- Provide examples of prejudice, discrimination and stereotypes
- Describe differences between and characteristics of sex and gender in society
- Differentiate between ingroups and outgroups
- Explain how self-serving attributions maintain prejudices and stereotypes
- Define stereotype threat and describe the contact hypothesis
- Discuss stereotypes and automatic and controlled information processing
- Share the meaning of realistic conflict theory as it relates to discrimination
- Detail how violence has an impact on the media
- Examine aggression and catharsis as they pertain to social psychology
Each lesson in this chapter is accessible as a short video or full transcript. Choose your desired format for each lesson and begin studying stereotypes, discrimination and prejudice in social psychology. When ready, gauge your understanding of topics covered in the lessons by taking short quizzes. A practice exam can assess your knowledge of the entire chapter.
1. Prejudice, Discrimination & Stereotypes: Definitions & Examples
There are many different types of people in the world. What happens when one person thinks or feels a certain way about an entire group of people? Watch this lesson to find out about stereotypes, prejudice, and discrimination.
2. Prejudice: Theories and Ideas on Origins
Why do some people dislike entire groups of people? What causes prejudice? In this lesson, we'll look at some of the theories about what makes people prejudiced, including scapegoat theory, authoritarian personality, and culture theory.
3. Sex and Gender in Society: Differences, Preferences & Characteristics
You might think you know everything about the differences between boys and girls, but this lesson covers less commonly understood topics. After defining sex vs. gender, it covers less common sexual identities, such as intersexed and transgender individuals. In addition, theories on sexual orientation are covered, including both categorical and continuum perspectives of sexual interest.
4. Sexism and Patriarchy: Definitions and Forms
This lesson provides a foundation for understanding sexism in various forms. First, patriarchy versus matriarchy is defined. Then, several different forms of sexism are outlined, including old-fashioned, modern, hostile, benevolent and ambivalent.
5. Gender Changes Over Time: Agency and Communion
Gender stereotypes often rely on the ways people define themselves. In this lesson, we'll look at two ways of defining oneself. We'll also study why gender differences exist and how they change over time.
6. Ingroup vs. Outgroup: Definition and Explanation
How do the groups we belong to influence the stereotypes we hold? In this lesson, we'll examine ingroups and outgroups and their effects on stereotypes.
7. How Self-Serving Attributions Maintain Stereotypes & Prejudice
Attributions are the reasons that we give for why a particular outcome occurred. What do they have to do with stereotypes and prejudice? This lesson answers that question, as well as explains different types of attributions.
8. Stereotype Threat: Definition & Examples
What happens when someone is put in a situation where they might prove a stereotype correct? In this lesson, we'll review what stereotype threat is, what effects it can have on performance, and how to reduce it.
9. Stereotypes and Automatic & Controlled Information Processing
People process information in many different ways. In this lesson, we'll explore two ways of processing information, automatic and controlled, and how they relate to stereotypes and prejudice.
10. Contact Hypothesis: Definition, Limitations & Criteria for Successful Contact
For many years, social psychologists have studied ways to reduce prejudice. In this lesson, we will review the contact hypothesis on how to reduce prejudice, examine the famous Robbers Cave experiment, and see what types of contact work best in the fight against prejudice.
11. Prejudice in the Classroom: Jigsaw Groups
Prejudice creeps into many parts of society, including classrooms. In this lesson, we'll look at how educators can set up classroom activities to reduce prejudice between students.
12. Realistic Conflict Theory and Discrimination: Definition & Examples
Why are people prejudiced against others? Under what circumstances are people most prejudiced? In this lesson, we will explore the realistic conflict theory of prejudice, which offers possible answers for why prejudice happens and when prejudice is highest.
13. Violence and the Media: How the Media Impacts Violence
For years, psychologists have studied the effect watching violent media has on people's behavior. In this lesson, we'll look at the link between media violence and real-life aggression and discover why watching violent TV might affect people's levels of aggression.
14. Catharsis and Aggression in Social Psychology: Definition & Examples
You might think that venting when you're angry helps you blow off steam. But, does aggression really lead to catharsis, or just to more aggression? In this lesson, we'll look at the link between catharsis and aggression, including a famous study on the effects of violence on aggressive feelings.
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