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- Explore theories for the origins of prejudice.
- Describe the characteristics of sex and gender.
- Examine the different forms of sexism.
- Learn how gender stereotypes have changed over time.
- Define ingroup and outgroup.
- Explain how self-serving attributions maintain prejudice and stereotypes.
- Provide examples of stereotype threat.
- Understand how automatic and controlled information processing relates to stereotypes.
- Define the contact hypothesis.
- Examine Aronson's model of jigsaw classrooms.
- Describe the relationship between realistic conflict theory and discrimination.
- Discuss the influence the media has when it comes to violence.
- Take a look at the impact catharsis has on aggression.
1. Prejudice, Discrimination & Stereotypes: Definitions & Examples
There are many different types of people in the world. What happens when one person thinks or feels a certain way about an entire group of people? Watch this lesson to find out about stereotypes, prejudice, and discrimination.
2. Prejudice: Theories and Ideas on Origins
Why do some people dislike entire groups of people? What causes prejudice? In this lesson, we'll look at some of the theories about what makes people prejudiced, including scapegoat theory, authoritarian personality, and culture theory.
3. Sex and Gender in Society: Differences, Preferences & Characteristics
You might think you know everything about the differences between boys and girls, but this lesson covers less commonly understood topics. After defining sex vs. gender, it covers less common sexual identities, such as intersexed and transgender individuals. In addition, theories on sexual orientation are covered, including both categorical and continuum perspectives of sexual interest.
4. Sexism and Patriarchy: Definitions and Forms
This lesson provides a foundation for understanding sexism in various forms. First, patriarchy versus matriarchy is defined. Then, several different forms of sexism are outlined, including old-fashioned, modern, hostile, benevolent and ambivalent.
5. Gender Changes Over Time: Agency and Communion
Gender stereotypes often rely on the ways people define themselves. In this lesson, we'll look at two ways of defining oneself. We'll also study why gender differences exist and how they change over time.
6. Ingroup vs. Outgroup: Definition and Explanation
How do the groups we belong to influence the stereotypes we hold? In this lesson, we'll examine ingroups and outgroups and their effects on stereotypes.
7. How Self-Serving Attributions Maintain Stereotypes & Prejudice
Attributions are the reasons that we give for why a particular outcome occurred. What do they have to do with stereotypes and prejudice? This lesson answers that question, as well as explains different types of attributions.
8. Stereotype Threat: Definition & Examples
What happens when someone is put in a situation where they might prove a stereotype correct? In this lesson, we'll review what stereotype threat is, what effects it can have on performance, and how to reduce it.
9. Stereotypes and Automatic & Controlled Information Processing
People process information in many different ways. In this lesson, we'll explore two ways of processing information, automatic and controlled, and how they relate to stereotypes and prejudice.
10. Contact Hypothesis: Definition, Limitations & Criteria for Successful Contact
For many years, social psychologists have studied ways to reduce prejudice. In this lesson, we will review the contact hypothesis on how to reduce prejudice, examine the famous Robbers Cave experiment, and see what types of contact work best in the fight against prejudice.
11. Prejudice in the Classroom: Jigsaw Groups
Prejudice creeps into many parts of society, including classrooms. In this lesson, we'll look at how educators can set up classroom activities to reduce prejudice between students.
12. Realistic Conflict Theory and Discrimination: Definition & Examples
Why are people prejudiced against others? Under what circumstances are people most prejudiced? In this lesson, we will explore the realistic conflict theory of prejudice, which offers possible answers for why prejudice happens and when prejudice is highest.
13. Violence and the Media: How the Media Impacts Violence
For years, psychologists have studied the effect watching violent media has on people's behavior. In this lesson, we'll look at the link between media violence and real-life aggression and discover why watching violent TV might affect people's levels of aggression.
14. Catharsis and Aggression in Social Psychology: Definition & Examples
You might think that venting when you're angry helps you blow off steam. But, does aggression really lead to catharsis, or just to more aggression? In this lesson, we'll look at the link between catharsis and aggression, including a famous study on the effects of violence on aggressive feelings.
15. Aggressive Behavior: Definition, Types & Signs
Aggressive behaviors are those that are hostile and violate other people's rights. Learn about reactive and proactive aggressive behaviors, the mental disorders associated with aggressive behavior, and more, in this lesson.
16. Gender Roles in Society: Definition & Overview
In this lesson, we will define gender roles and look into the traditional roles of men and women. We will also explore the shift in these roles and how they appear today.
17. Gender Trouble by Judith Butler: Summary & Concept
In this lesson, we will discuss the book Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity by American gender theorist Judith Butler. This influential work focuses on issues in gender identity and feminism.
18. Muzafer Sherif: Robber's Cave Experiment & Autokinetic Effect
Have you ever heard the phrase 'Why can't we all just get along?' Muzafer Sherif wanted to find ways to make groups cooperate more readily and succeeded with the famous Robbers Cave experiment. He was also known for research on group dynamics, including an experiment using an illusion known as the autokinetic effect.
19. What Is Gender Equality? - Definition & Issues
In what ways are people discriminated against based on gender? And what does gender equality mean for both men and women? In this lesson, we'll explore gender equality and some issues both in America and internationally that are related to it.
20. What Is Racism? - Definition, Examples & History
In this lesson, we will consider the meaning of the word 'racism.' We will define the word and look at how it has manifested itself throughout history by considering some examples.
21. Mysophobia: Definition, Symptoms & Treatment
In this lesson we will learn about mysophobia, a condition in which people are unreasonably fearful of germs, bacteria, filth and contamination. We will discover symptoms and treatments usually associated with this disorder.
22. Native American Mascot Controversies & Sociological Perspectives
For the last several years, the controversy over the use of Native imagery and names in American sports has grown. Through this lesson, you will learn some history of the controversy and explore the sociological perspective on the issue.
23. Summary of Annette Lareau's Unequal Childhoods
This lesson provides a summary of the book, ''Unequal Childhoods,'' by the sociologist Annette Lareau. This title offers a study of the ways in which parenting styles differ by social class position.
24. Causes of Racial Discrimination in America
For centuries, racial discrimination has been a complex and confusing problem in the United States. Through this lesson, you'll learn how to define racial discrimination and explore by way of examples some of its more common causes.
25. Racial Discrimination: Definition & Examples
Racial discrimination has been practiced for centuries and has had a profoundly negative impact on the lives of many people. In this video, you'll learn how to define racial discrimination and explore some examples of how it's been used in society.
26. Disney & Gender Roles: Examples & Cultural Relevance
This lesson will discuss some important issues surrounding Disney's cartoon films, and how they affect gender roles, and expectations of boys and girls in society. This discussion is important for anyone who watches these films.
27. Disney Stereotypes: Race & Gender
This lesson discusses the controversial nature of Disney feature animated films due to racial and gender stereotyping, which occurs in many of their early as well as recent films.
28. US Health Disparities: Definition, Causes, & Examples
This lesson examines health disparities in the United States. Health disparities are differences in overall health due to factors such as socioeconomic status and environment. We'll discuss some of the major causes of health disparities and also look at a few specific examples.
29. Affirmative Action: History & Purpose
This lesson explores what affirmative action is, what the original intentions of affirmative action were, the history of the policy, and the justifications for its continued presence.
30. Affirmative Action Supreme Court Cases
Affirmative action has come before the US Supreme Court on a number of occasions. Through this lesson, you will explore some of the landmark cases that have shaped affirmative action, including one that could bring dramatic changes to future policies.
31. Affirmative Action Programs & Policies Today
Affirmative action has a long and controversial history in the United States. Through this lesson, you will gain insight into the significance of affirmative action and explore some of the ways that its being used and challenged in the present day.
32. Famous Female Anthropologists
In this lesson, you're going to learn a bit about the work of some of the world's most famous female anthropologists: Jane Goodall, Dian Fossey, and Mary Leakey.
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Other chapters within the Social Psychology: Tutoring Solution course
- Introduction to Social Psychology: Tutoring Solution
- Research Methods and Ethics: Tutoring Solution
- Social Cognition & Perception: Tutoring Solution
- The Self in a Social Context: Tutoring Solution
- Attitudes and Persuasion: Tutoring Solution
- Group Decisions: Tutoring Solution
- Attraction & Close Relationships: Tutoring Solution
- Applied Social Psychology: Tutoring Solution