About This Chapter
Stereotypes, Prejudice & Discrimination - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Human interaction is often tinted by things like stereotypes, prejudice and discrimination. In this chapter, we will focus on these aspects of society. You'll watch lessons addressing each of these things in addition to other related topics, like sexism and the impact of violence in the media. Our lessons will help you to understand more about the psychological aspects of these areas. You'll study different theories and get to look at some specific studies on stereotypes, gender and discrimination so you can completely understand how they work and what they do within a society. Some of the topics we will touch on in these lessons include:
- The definition of patriarchy
- Gender stereotypes
- Self-serving attributions and prejudice
- Prejudice in the classroom
- Realistic conflict theory
- Aggression in social psychology
|Prejudice, Discrimination & Stereotypes: Definition & Examples||Look at examples to help you define these concepts.|
|Prejudice: Theories and Ideas on Origins||Study the theories and possible origins of prejudice.|
|Sex and Gender in Society: Differences, Preferences & Characteristics||Find out more about how sex and gender relate to prejudice, discrimination and stereotypes.|
|Sexism and Patriarchy: Definitions and Forms||Discover the concepts of sexism and patriarchy.|
|Gender Changes Over Time: Agency and Communion||Review research by Eagly & Diekman about dynamic gender stereotypes over time.|
|Ingroup vs. Outgroup: Definition and Explanation||Define ingroup vs. outgroup and learn about ingroup heterogeneity vs. outgroup homogeneity.|
|How Self-Serving Attributions Maintain Stereotypes & Prejudice||Explain how self-serving attributions relate at the group level as a way to maintain stereotypes and prejudice.|
|Stereotype Threat: Definition & Examples||Discover Aronson's work with stereotype threat and test-taking.|
|Stereotypes and Automatic & Controlled Information Processing||Explore Devine's research on stereotypes and automatic and controlled information processing.|
|Contact Hypothesis: Definition, Limitations & Criteria for Successful Contact||Discuss the famous 'contact hypothesis,' and Sherif's study testing this idea.|
|Prejudice in the Classroom: Jigsaw Groups||Learn about Aronson's model of jigsaw classrooms.|
|Realistic Conflict Theory and Discrimination: Definition & Examples||Study realistic conflict theory and how it relates to political and economic discrimination.|
|Violence and the Media: How the Media Impacts Violence||Examine controversies regarding the role of media in reporting, increasing and decreasing group violence and aggression.|
|Catharsis and Aggression in Social Psychology: Definition & Examples||Find out more about catharsis, and review controversies regarding whether catharsis is helpful or harmful regarding the reduction of aggression.|
1. Prejudice, Discrimination & Stereotypes: Definitions & Examples
There are many different types of people in the world. What happens when one person thinks or feels a certain way about an entire group of people? Watch this lesson to find out about stereotypes, prejudice, and discrimination.
2. Prejudice: Theories and Ideas on Origins
Why do some people dislike entire groups of people? What causes prejudice? In this lesson, we'll look at some of the theories about what makes people prejudiced, including scapegoat theory, authoritarian personality, and culture theory.
3. Sex and Gender in Society: Differences, Preferences & Characteristics
You might think you know everything about the differences between boys and girls, but this lesson covers less commonly understood topics. After defining sex vs. gender, it covers less common sexual identities, such as intersexed and transgender individuals. In addition, theories on sexual orientation are covered, including both categorical and continuum perspectives of sexual interest.
4. Sexism and Patriarchy: Definitions and Forms
This lesson provides a foundation for understanding sexism in various forms. First, patriarchy versus matriarchy is defined. Then, several different forms of sexism are outlined, including old-fashioned, modern, hostile, benevolent and ambivalent.
5. Gender Changes Over Time: Agency and Communion
Gender stereotypes often rely on the ways people define themselves. In this lesson, we'll look at two ways of defining oneself. We'll also study why gender differences exist and how they change over time.
6. Ingroup vs. Outgroup: Definition and Explanation
How do the groups we belong to influence the stereotypes we hold? In this lesson, we'll examine ingroups and outgroups and their effects on stereotypes.
7. How Self-Serving Attributions Maintain Stereotypes & Prejudice
Attributions are the reasons that we give for why a particular outcome occurred. What do they have to do with stereotypes and prejudice? This lesson answers that question, as well as explains different types of attributions.
8. Stereotype Threat: Definition & Examples
What happens when someone is put in a situation where they might prove a stereotype correct? In this lesson, we'll review what stereotype threat is, what effects it can have on performance, and how to reduce it.
9. Stereotypes and Automatic & Controlled Information Processing
People process information in many different ways. In this lesson, we'll explore two ways of processing information, automatic and controlled, and how they relate to stereotypes and prejudice.
10. Contact Hypothesis: Definition, Limitations & Criteria for Successful Contact
For many years, social psychologists have studied ways to reduce prejudice. In this lesson, we will review the contact hypothesis on how to reduce prejudice, examine the famous Robbers Cave experiment, and see what types of contact work best in the fight against prejudice.
11. Prejudice in the Classroom: Jigsaw Groups
Prejudice creeps into many parts of society, including classrooms. In this lesson, we'll look at how educators can set up classroom activities to reduce prejudice between students.
12. Realistic Conflict Theory and Discrimination: Definition & Examples
Why are people prejudiced against others? Under what circumstances are people most prejudiced? In this lesson, we will explore the realistic conflict theory of prejudice, which offers possible answers for why prejudice happens and when prejudice is highest.
13. Violence and the Media: How the Media Impacts Violence
For years, psychologists have studied the effect watching violent media has on people's behavior. In this lesson, we'll look at the link between media violence and real-life aggression and discover why watching violent TV might affect people's levels of aggression.
14. Catharsis and Aggression in Social Psychology: Definition & Examples
You might think that venting when you're angry helps you blow off steam. But, does aggression really lead to catharsis, or just to more aggression? In this lesson, we'll look at the link between catharsis and aggression, including a famous study on the effects of violence on aggressive feelings.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the Psychology 104: Social Psychology course