Ch 5: Structural Elements for Architecture

About This Chapter

Refresh your understanding of the structural elements used in architecture with our engaging chapter. These short text lessons and quizzes help you review important information and then assess your understanding as you prepare for a test or finish your homework assignments.

Structural Elements for Architecture - Chapter Summary

In this informative chapter, our instructors outline the structural elements commonly used in architecture, including turrets, vestibules, balustrades and more. It's easy to understand even the most complicated topics with our mobile-friendly, professionally designed lessons. Testing your understanding with the multiple-choice quizzes is a great test prep activity. If any of the topics are challenging, you're welcome to contact an instructor for assistance. Once you complete this chapter, you should be able to:

  • Show how turrets, silos, balustrades, loggias, pediments and transoms are used in architecture
  • Explain what a vestibule is
  • Describe the use of lintel beams as a construction element
  • Compare the design of hip roofs and gable roofs
  • Define plinth
  • Examine Rafael Guastavino's contribution to the tile arch system
  • Detail how to tell the difference between a newel post and a baluster
  • Relate information about and contrast the design and use of pilasters and engaged columns

19 Lessons in Chapter 5: Structural Elements for Architecture
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Turrets in Architecture: Definition, Design & Construction

1. Turrets in Architecture: Definition, Design & Construction

Although new castles don't get erected very often anymore, we still find ways to utilize pieces of their unique design for modern day structures. One of these ~'stolen features~' is a turret. Now used a bit differently than their original purpose, turrets are used on a variety of buildings, from forts to suburban houses.

What is a Vestibule in Architecture?

2. What is a Vestibule in Architecture?

Vestibules are important parts of many structures, which serve a very unique purpose. In this lesson, we'll look at the uses of vestibules across history and check out a few examples.

Silos in Architecture: Design & Structure

3. Silos in Architecture: Design & Structure

Put simply, a silo is a storage structure; anything stored in a silo is referred to as silage. What it looks like is largely dependent on what it holds and how it's unloaded. Efficiency is the name of the game with these structures.

What is a Plinth in Architecture?

4. What is a Plinth in Architecture?

A plinth is a very important part of many structures and architectural compositions, yet we rarely notice it. In this video, we'll explore the function and role of a major piece of under-appreciated architecture.

Rafael Guastavino & the Tile Arch System

5. Rafael Guastavino & the Tile Arch System

The tile arch system is something you may never have heard of, but you may very well have seen it at some point. In this lesson, we'll check out the history behind this innovative method and see where you can find it today.

Loggia in Architecture: Definition & Designs

6. Loggia in Architecture: Definition & Designs

The loggia is a common feature in architecture, and has been for millennia. In this lesson, we'll check out the loggia, and see how it is used in various kinds of architecture.

What is a Pediment in Architecture?

7. What is a Pediment in Architecture?

The pediment is one of the trademark features of Classical architecture. In this lesson, we'll explore the history and use of this element, and see how its style has changed over time.

What is a Scupper in Architecture?

8. What is a Scupper in Architecture?

How do you get rainwater off a flat roof? Have you ever heard of something called scupper? In this lesson, learn about scuppers and their use in architecture.

Ogee Arches: Definition & Construction

9. Ogee Arches: Definition & Construction

How many curved lines can you fit into an arch? Have you ever heard of an ogee? In this lesson, learn about ogee arches and how they're used in architecture.

Groin Vault Ceiling: Definition & Construction

10. Groin Vault Ceiling: Definition & Construction

Have you ever thought about the ways architects create ceilings? Ever seen a curved ceiling? In this lesson, learn what a groin vault ceiling is and how it's constructed.

Staircases: Types, Design & Construction

11. Staircases: Types, Design & Construction

In this lesson, we'll discusses the construction components of a staircase, optional components added to staircase designs, and the different types of staircases.

Pendentives & Squinches in Architecture

12. Pendentives & Squinches in Architecture

How do you add a dome to a building? Can you fit a round space on top of a square one? In this lesson, we will learn about pendentives and squinches and their uses in architecture.

Quoins: Definition, Architecture & Construction

13. Quoins: Definition, Architecture & Construction

There are many ways to increase the visual impact of a structure. In this lesson, we'll talk about quoins and see how they've been used throughout history, as well as their most popular arrangements.

What is a Scuttle Attic? - Definition & Overview

14. What is a Scuttle Attic? - Definition & Overview

Have you ever gotten into an attic by crawling through a hatch in a ceiling? Did you know that small entrance has a name? In this lesson, learn about an architectural feature known as a scuttle attic.

What is a Pointed Arch? - Definition & Architecture

15. What is a Pointed Arch? - Definition & Architecture

While the Roman arch is pretty popular in Western architecture, it's not the only design we use. In this lesson, we'll check out the pointed arch and see what makes it unique.

Tudor Arch: Design, History & Examples

16. Tudor Arch: Design, History & Examples

Do you think you know all the major kinds of arches? In this lesson, we are going to check out the unique Tudor arch and see what makes it similar and different from other popular forms of arches.

Anta in Architecture: History & Style

17. Anta in Architecture: History & Style

What's the purpose of a column? A pilaster? An anta? In this lesson, we'll see what defines the anta and find out how it differs from other Classical architectural elements.

What are Eaves in Architecture? - Definition & Design

18. What are Eaves in Architecture? - Definition & Design

How do you keep rain water off the sides of a building? Architects sometimes use eaves. In this lesson, learn about eaves, their parts, and how they're used in architecture.

Regionalism in Architecture: Definition, Characteristics & Examples

19. Regionalism in Architecture: Definition, Characteristics & Examples

Regionalism in architecture is about the context and customs of making buildings in a particular region. These buildings had to be very performative, relying on specific knowledge of the climate, geology, geography, and topography.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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