About This Chapter
Structural Elements for Architecture - Chapter Summary
In this informative chapter, our instructors outline the structural elements commonly used in architecture, including turrets, vestibules, balustrades and more. It's easy to understand even the most complicated topics with our mobile-friendly, professionally designed lessons. Testing your understanding with the multiple-choice quizzes is a great test prep activity. If any of the topics are challenging, you're welcome to contact an instructor for assistance. Once you complete this chapter, you should be able to:
- Show how turrets, silos, balustrades, loggias, pediments and transoms are used in architecture
- Explain what a vestibule is
- Describe the use of lintel beams as a construction element
- Compare the design of hip roofs and gable roofs
- Define plinth
- Examine Rafael Guastavino's contribution to the tile arch system
- Detail how to tell the difference between a newel post and a baluster
- Relate information about and contrast the design and use of pilasters and engaged columns
1. Turrets in Architecture: Definition, Design & Construction
Although new castles don't get erected very often anymore, we still find ways to utilize pieces of their unique design for modern day structures. One of these ~'stolen features~' is a turret. Now used a bit differently than their original purpose, turrets are used on a variety of buildings, from forts to suburban houses.
2. What is a Vestibule in Architecture?
Vestibules are important parts of many structures, which serve a very unique purpose. In this lesson, we'll look at the uses of vestibules across history and check out a few examples.
3. Silos in Architecture: Design & Structure
Put simply, a silo is a storage structure; anything stored in a silo is referred to as silage. What it looks like is largely dependent on what it holds and how it's unloaded. Efficiency is the name of the game with these structures.
4. What is a Plinth in Architecture?
A plinth is a very important part of many structures and architectural compositions, yet we rarely notice it. In this video, we'll explore the function and role of a major piece of under-appreciated architecture.
5. Rafael Guastavino & the Tile Arch System
The tile arch system is something you may never have heard of, but you may very well have seen it at some point. In this lesson, we'll check out the history behind this innovative method and see where you can find it today.
6. Loggia in Architecture: Definition & Designs
The loggia is a common feature in architecture, and has been for millennia. In this lesson, we'll check out the loggia, and see how it is used in various kinds of architecture.
7. What is a Pediment in Architecture?
The pediment is one of the trademark features of Classical architecture. In this lesson, we'll explore the history and use of this element, and see how its style has changed over time.
8. What is a Scupper in Architecture?
How do you get rainwater off a flat roof? Have you ever heard of something called scupper? In this lesson, learn about scuppers and their use in architecture.
9. Ogee Arches: Definition & Construction
How many curved lines can you fit into an arch? Have you ever heard of an ogee? In this lesson, learn about ogee arches and how they're used in architecture.
10. Groin Vault Ceiling: Definition & Construction
Have you ever thought about the ways architects create ceilings? Ever seen a curved ceiling? In this lesson, learn what a groin vault ceiling is and how it's constructed.
11. Staircases: Types, Design & Construction
In this lesson, we'll discusses the construction components of a staircase, optional components added to staircase designs, and the different types of staircases.
12. Pendentives & Squinches in Architecture
How do you add a dome to a building? Can you fit a round space on top of a square one? In this lesson, we will learn about pendentives and squinches and their uses in architecture.
13. Quoins: Definition, Architecture & Construction
There are many ways to increase the visual impact of a structure. In this lesson, we'll talk about quoins and see how they've been used throughout history, as well as their most popular arrangements.
14. What is a Scuttle Attic? - Definition & Overview
Have you ever gotten into an attic by crawling through a hatch in a ceiling? Did you know that small entrance has a name? In this lesson, learn about an architectural feature known as a scuttle attic.
15. What is a Pointed Arch? - Definition & Architecture
While the Roman arch is pretty popular in Western architecture, it's not the only design we use. In this lesson, we'll check out the pointed arch and see what makes it unique.
16. Tudor Arch: Design, History & Examples
Do you think you know all the major kinds of arches? In this lesson, we are going to check out the unique Tudor arch and see what makes it similar and different from other popular forms of arches.
17. Anta in Architecture: History & Style
What's the purpose of a column? A pilaster? An anta? In this lesson, we'll see what defines the anta and find out how it differs from other Classical architectural elements.
18. What are Eaves in Architecture? - Definition & Design
How do you keep rain water off the sides of a building? Architects sometimes use eaves. In this lesson, learn about eaves, their parts, and how they're used in architecture.
19. Regionalism in Architecture: Definition, Characteristics & Examples
Regionalism in architecture is about the context and customs of making buildings in a particular region. These buildings had to be very performative, relying on specific knowledge of the climate, geology, geography, and topography.
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