About This Chapter
Structure & Function of Cells & Organelles - Chapter Summary
Use our fast and flexible lessons to refresh and update your knowledge of cells and organelles. These lessons will help you become comfortable recalling these important science topics. In this chapter, you'll learn about:
- Structure of the cell and the cell's components
- The function of the cell membrane
- Difference between organelles in plant and animal cells
- Benefits of multicellular organisms
- Different types of specialized cells
- Functions of eukaryotic cells
- Phases of the cell cycle
- Stages of mitosis such as prophase, metaphase, anaphase and telophase
- Information about reproductive cells such as meiosis
The lessons in this chapter will allow you to review the information in this chapter in a fun manner. Following each lesson, you will find a lesson quiz. You will get immediate feedback on these quizzes so you will know what your strengths and weaknesses are. When you complete all of the lessons, take the chapter exam to test yourself on all of the concepts that have been studied in this chapter.
1. The Cell: Structure & Function
The cell is a small, but complex structure. Take a look inside the outer plasma membrane of a cell and discover the functions of some common cellular components, including the nucleus, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus and mitochondria, in this lesson.
2. Cell Membrane: Functions, Role & Structure
You are made up of trillions and trillions of cells, and each one is separated from its surroundings by a cell membrane. Learn about the structure and functions of the cell membrane in this lesson.
3. Organelles in Cells: Definition & Functions
This lesson will focus on the major organelles that are found inside eukaryotic cells. It will discuss their structures and functions. The differences in organelles found in plant and animal cells will also be covered.
4. Structure & Function in Biological Organization: Benefits & Disadvantages
This lesson will discuss biological organization in terms of cells, tissues, organs, and organ systems. It will also discuss the benefits and disadvantages of multicellular versus single-celled organisms.
5. Specialized Cells: Types & Functions
Our bodies are made up of cells, but they are not all the same. Cells are specialized according to their functions. In this lesson, we'll learn about cell specialization and see examples of specialized cells.
6. Eukaryotic and Prokaryotic Cells: Similarities and Differences
In this lesson, we discuss the similarities and differences between the eukaryotic cells of your body and prokaryotic cells such as bacteria. Eukaryotes organize different functions within specialized membrane-bound compartments called organelles. These structures do not exist in prokaryotes.
7. The Cell Cycle: Definition, Phases & Sequence
Learn about the dividing and non-dividing states of the cell and discover the different phases of the cell cycle, including interphase, cytokinesis, and the stages of cell division.
8. What is Mitosis? - Definition, Stages & Function
Every day your body cells are dividing using a process called mitosis. This allows you to grow and replace damaged or worn out cells. Learn about the stages of mitosis: prophase, metaphase, anaphase and telophase.
9. What is Meiosis? - Steps & Results
It's meiosis that gives us the male and female reproductive cells known as the egg and sperm. In meiosis, two cell divisions take place, which produces four genetically unique cells with half the number of chromosomes as the parent cell.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the GACE Middle Grades Science (014): Practice & Study Guide course
- Scientific Inquiry & Design
- Nature of Scientific Knowledge
- Major Developments & Historical Figures in Science
- Collecting & Analyzing Scientific Data
- Science Laboratory & Field Equipment Safety
- Environmental Effects of Science & Technology
- Energy Production & Natural Resource Management
- Science & Technology in Consumer Products
- The Atomic Model, Energy & Matter
- Concepts & Relationships Between Energy & Matter
- Basics of the Periodic Table
- Chemical Compounds & Reactions
- Acid-Base Chemistry
- Solutions & Solubility
- Basic Concepts of Mechanics
- Electricity & Magnetism Concepts
- Waves & Optics
- Basic Biochemistry of Life
- Basic Genetics
- Evolution, Natural Selection & Biological Diversity
- Hierarchical Classification of Living Things
- Plant Structures & Function
- Animal & Human Anatomy & Physiology
- Population Dynamics & Ecology
- Intro to Rocks, Minerals & Soil
- Earth's Structure & Internal Processes
- Effects of Plate Tectonics
- Historical Geology
- Water Cycle
- Earth's Oceans & Landforms
- Freshwater Characteristics & Processes
- Atmosphere & Weather
- Climate & Seasons
- Exploring Features of the Solar System
- Earth-Moon-Sun System
- GACE Middle Grades Science Flashcards