About This Chapter
Standard: Analyze how an author's choices concerning how to structure specific parts of a text (e.g., the choice of where to begin or end a story, the choice to provide a comedic or tragic resolution) contribute to its overall structure and meaning as well as its aesthetic impact.
About This Chapter
Students who have mastered this standard will be able to not only understand the surface meaning of a text, but will also have the skills to analyze and deconstruct the elements of the literature. Students will be able to explain how the author uses these elements to create emotions and feelings in the reader.
Lessons in this standard cover concepts such as:
- Structure and its effect on meaning
- Foreshadowing and the red herring
- Setting in fiction
- The purpose and major parts of a story's plot
- Use of flashback in the development of plot
- Emotion in poetry
Students demonstrate mastery of these concepts when they understand elements of a story and the impact an author's writing style can have on the structure and meaning of the text.
How to Use These Lessons in Your Classroom
Here are some tips for how to use these lessons to support instruction in the CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.5 standard:
Structure in Writing Lessons
Provide students with pictures of buildings created in at least two different architectural styles. Compare and contrast the styles, and discuss the relevance of the architects' choices. Conclude the discussion by connecting a literary text's structure with that of a building's, and compare an author with an architect. Review lesson on structure in writing.
Watch a brief movie clip with intense use of foreshadowing. Stop the clip and have each student write what she/he thinks is going to happen based on clues in the movie. Discuss responses, then watch the video lesson What is Foreshadowing? - Types, Examples & Definitions.
Settings in Fiction Lessons
Before class, prepare slips of paper with various time periods and places. Watch a video on setting. After the video, have each student draw a slip of paper. With themselves as the main character, students create a short story set in the time and place drawn.
1. What is Structure in Writing and How Does it Affect Meaning?
In this lesson, we will define the role of structure in literature. From there, we will look at the different ways to structure fiction and how it affects the meaning.
2. What is Foreshadowing? - Types, Examples & Definitions
Learn about how authors use foreshadowing, both subtle and direct, as part of their storytelling process. Explore many examples of foreshadowing, from classical plays to contemporary stories.
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Other chapters within the Common Core ELA - Literature Grades 11-12: Standards course
- Cite Textual Evidence: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1
- Themes & Central Ideas: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.2
- Word Choice & Meaning: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4
- Point of View: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.6
- American Literature: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.9
- Literature Lessons for Grades 11-12: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.10