About This Chapter
Who's it for?
This unit of our Middle School Physical Science Homeschool course will benefit any student who is trying to learn about the building blocks and properties of matter in various forms. There is no faster or easier way to learn about the structure of matter. Among those who would benefit are:
- Students who require an efficient, self-paced course of study to learn about formation of matter, states of matter, properties of matter, affects of physical and chemical changes on matter, and organization of the periodic table of elements.
- Homeschool parents looking to spend less time preparing lessons and more time teaching.
- Homeschool parents who need a physical science curriculum that appeals to multiple learning types (visual or auditory).
- Gifted students and students with learning differences.
How it works:
- Students watch a short, fun video lesson that covers a specific unit topic.
- Students and parents can refer to the video transcripts to reinforce learning.
- Short quizzes and a structure of matter unit exam confirm understanding or identify any topics that require review.
Structure of Matter Unit Objectives:
- Learn what an atom is.
- Explain how the characteristics of a compound can differ from the elements it's made of.
- Define element.
- Explain how elements make up molecules and compounds.
- Describe the patterns, such as crystal structures, that characterize how atoms and molecules form solids.
- Find out about the physical and chemical characteristics of matter.
- List the four states of matter.
- Discuss states of matter and how they're affected by chemical and physical changes.
- Explain the properties of the groups and periods that make up the periodic table of elements.
1. What is An Atom? - Definition & Examples
After watching this video, you will be able to explain what an atom is, how it is structured, what they are made from, and give some examples of elements. A short quiz will follow.
2. What Are Elements?
Look around you. What do you see? Elements are everywhere. They are the building blocks of all matter on Earth. In this lesson, we will discuss what an element is, how elements are written as symbols, and how elements are the building blocks of all matter.
3. What Is a Compound? - Combining Elements with Chemical Bonds
After watching this video, you will be able to explain what a compound is, identify compounds versus regular molecules, and describe the two types of bonding that form compounds. A short quiz will follow.
4. How Compounds and Molecules Are Built From Elements
Did you know that elements are like people and have different personalities? A few elements are very shy and love to be left alone. Others are very social and prefer to hang out with friends. In this lesson we will discuss how elements build molecules and compounds.
5. How Atoms & Molecules Form Solids: Patterns & Crystals
After watching this video, you will be able to explain how atoms and molecules form solids, whether in the form of random mixtures or crystal patterns. A short quiz will follow.
6. Matter: Physical and Chemical Properties
How are substances identified? There are two major ways we can describe a substance: physical properties and chemical properties. Learn about how chemists use properties to classify matter as either a mixture or a pure substance.
7. States of Matter: Solids, Liquids, Gases, & Plasma
Learn the four states of matter in the universe: solid, liquid, gas and plasma. Learn about the differences in shape and volume among the four states, which of the states is the most common and why plasma conducts electricity.
8. States of Matter and Chemical Versus Physical Changes to Matter
The world around us is constantly changing. Chemists put those changes into two main categories: physical changes and chemical changes. This lesson will define and provide examples of each.
9. The Periodic Table: Properties of Groups and Periods
How is the periodic table like the map you used on your last road trip? In this lesson, you will be introduced to the periodic table, the road map of chemists. We will discuss how the elements are organized and how you can use this organization to identify some of their major physical properties.
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Other chapters within the Middle School Physical Science: Homeschool Curriculum course