About This Chapter
Structure of Society & Social Interaction - Chapter Summary
Come to understand the theories of social movement, social exchange and social deviance through this chapter on the structure of society and social interaction. Through our brief video lessons presented by experienced professional educators, you'll explore social institutions and various social roles. You'll also examine interactions between social majorities and minorities. Other topics covered in this chapter include the following:
- Ancient, pre-industrial, industrial and post-industrial social organization
- Cognitive and social development and their impact on interpersonal relationships
- Social exchange theory in relationships
- Types of social groups: Primary, secondary and reference groups
- Normative vs. informational social conformity
- Group behavior
- How group norms influence individual behavior
- Effects of social customs, cultural values and social class on behavior
- Behavioral genetics
- The role of tradition, arts and social institutions in cultural development and transmission
The lessons in this chapter on structure of society and social interaction have three parts: a video, a transcript and a multiple-choice quiz. The full video lessons can be watched in just a few minutes' time, or you can opt to jump directly to the main points. Additionally, many of the transcripts feature links to some of our other text lessons, allowing you to explore key terms and concepts more fully. To see if you've absorbed the information in the videos and/or transcripts, turn to the self-assessment quizzes.
1. Social Movement: Theories and Motives
In this lesson, we will define what social movements are and discuss why they develop. We'll cover the deprivation theory, the mass-society theory and the structure strain theory, which are three theories that sociologists use to explain social movements.
2. Migration from Rural to Urban Settings in Europe and the U.S.: History and Effects
In this lesson, we will discuss some of the causes for people to migrate from a rural setting to an urban setting in Europe and in America. We will also learn the difference between immigration and emigration.
3. Social & Cognitive Development: Impact on Interpersonal Relationships
How does association with a group of people impact behavior and learning? Are friendships relevant to understanding the behavior of students in a classroom? This lesson discusses social development by exploring interpersonal relationship functions and types.
4. Social Roles: Definition and Types of Social Roles
This lesson focuses on the roles that society socially constructs. We define social roles and identify examples. We also examine types of social roles and what can happen with them, including role conflict, role strain, and role exit.
5. Interactions Between Social Majorities and Minorities
The world is a diverse place full of all sorts of people. In this lesson, we'll examine the effects of pluralism and what happens when people from different backgrounds interact, including segregation, genocide, assimilation, and miscegenation.
6. Types of Social Groups: Primary, Secondary and Reference Groups
The study of social groups is a main focus of many sociologists. In this lesson, we define social groups and differentiate between several different types including primary, secondary, and reference groups.
7. Agents of Socialization: Family, Schools, Peers and Media
The socialization that we receive in childhood has a lasting effect on our ability to interact with others in society. In this lesson, we identify and discuss four of the most influential agents of socialization in childhood: family, school, peers, and media.
8. Social Conformity Definition: Normative vs. Informational
Social conformity and obedience are two very powerful phenomenons in human behavior and sociology. In this lesson, we discuss the two types of social conformity and differentiate between conformity and obedience. We also discuss two famous experiments by Solomon Asch and Stanley Milgram.
9. Group Behavior in Social Psychology: Definition & Influences
Do individuals behave differently in groups than they would on their own? How do group dynamics affect our decision-making skills? You'll learn about the benefits and potential pitfalls than can come from belonging to a group.
10. Sociological Theories of Deviance: Definitions and Theoretical Perspectives
There is a diverse range of behaviors in society that goes against expectations and cultural norms. In this lesson, we define and go over some examples of the different types of deviance. We also discuss two sociological theories about deviance created by Emile Durkheim and Robert Merton.
11. How Types of Group Norms Influence Individual Behavior
Groups, though made up of individuals, have their own sets of norms. These sets develop as the group grows and interacts and can change a person's behavior that might be new to the group. Here we review types of norms present in groups and their potential impact on an individual's behavior.
12. Functions of School: Socialization, Cultural Transmission, Integration & Latent Functions
Schools serve a number of functions in our society beyond just transmitting academic knowledge and skills. In this lesson, we differentiate between manifest and latent functions of schools and discuss examples of each.
13. Religiosity, Secularization & Civil Religion: Applications on Individuals & Cultures
In this lesson, we define religiosity, secularization, and civil religion. We'll also discuss these concepts both on an individual and cultural scale.
14. Types of Studies in Behavioral Genetics: Twin, Family & Adoption
Are you destined to inherit your mother's penchant for collecting old postcards or your father's constant worry that something bad is about to happen? Find out with this lesson, which delves into the world of genetic and environmental behaviors and personality traits.
15. Social Exchange Theory in Relationships: Definition, Examples & Predictions
In this lesson, we define and discuss social exchange theory and what it predicts about romantic relationships. We also define and discuss the theory's three components: cost-benefit analysis, comparison level, and comparison level of alternatives.
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Other chapters within the ILTS Social Science - History (246): Test Practice and Study Guide course
- Research Sources, Methods & Technologies
- Analyzing & Interpreting Social Science Inquiry
- U.S. Government and Political Systems
- U.S. and World Economies
- Cultural & Physical Geography
- Human Behavior & Development
- World Religions
- Westward Expansion, Industrialization & Urbanization (1870-1900)
- Prehistory & Early Civilizations
- History of the Ancient Near East
- Contributions & History of Ancient Greece
- Hellenism & Athens
- The Roman Republic Rises
- History of the Fall of Rome
- History of the Dark Ages
- Early Middle Ages Overview
- Overview of the Medieval Warm Period
- Overview of the High Middle Ages
- Overview of the Late Middle Ages
- History of the Renaissance
- The Age of Exploration & Discovery
- The Reformation Across Europe
- History of the Elizabethan Era
- Overview of Colonialism
- Overview of World War I
- Overview of World War II
- Early American Civilizations
- Settling North America & the Colonies
- Important Events Leading to the American Revolution
- Events & Leaders of the American Revolution
- The Making of a Nation after the American Revolution
- The Virginia Dynasty
- Jacksonian Democracy
- Everyday Life in Antebellum America
- Manifest Destiny & American Expansion
- Buildup to the American Civil War
- The American Civil War
- After the Civil War: Reconstruction
- The Progressive Era of the Early 20th Century
- American Imperialism & World War I
- 1920s America
- America and the Great Depression
- World Events & Politics After World War II (1946-1959)
- Events & Presidents During the Cold War (1950-1973)
- Civil Rights & Other Movements in the US (1954-1973)
- America in the 1970s
- ILTS Social Science - History Flashcards