About This Chapter
Structure of the Different Levels of U.S. Government - Chapter Summary
Have fun getting reacquainted with the structure of different levels of U.S. government by reviewing short videos at home or anywhere you can access the Internet. This chapter provides the comprehensive overview you need to better understand federalism, the branches of government, the court system and much more. Upon completion of this chapter, you will be ready to:
- Define and identify traditional types of government
- Differentiate between competing values of federalism, including equality and participation
- Share the definitions and responsibilities of federal, state and local government
- Describe the judicial, executive and legislative branches of government
- List the three separate levels of the court system
- Identify and describe types of public policy in the U.S.
- Explain the meaning and importance of civic participation
Feel free to tailor the resources in this chapter to your unique study needs and schedule. Access one, two or any number of lessons in any sequence, and enjoy the ability to review them as short videos or full transcripts. Reinforce your understanding of lesson topics by taking multiple-choice quizzes and a practice exam. Get additional information about the structure of different levels of U.S. government by submitting questions to our experts.
1. Government: Definition, Purpose & Types
In this lesson, you will explore the concept and forms of government and discover how different types of government use and control their power. Then, test your understanding with a brief quiz.
2. Traditional Types of Government: Definitions, Strengths & Weaknesses
In this lesson, we will explore several traditional types of government. We will define each type and take a close look at its strengths and weaknesses.
3. Competing Values of Federalism: Equality vs. Participation
Federalism is designed to leave governmental power to the people, but there are two competing values of federalism: equality and participation. This lesson takes a closer look at federalism and at how these two ideals often conflict.
4. What is a Federal Government? - Definition, Powers & Benefits
A federal government is a system that divides up power between a strong national government and smaller local governments. We'll take a look at how power plays out between the national and local government, and the benefits of a federal government.
5. What Is State Government? - Powers, Responsibilities & Challenges
The United States has a federal government and each of the 50 states has a state government. This lesson explains the organization of state governments, and explores the powers and responsibilities of state governments.
6. What Is Local Government? - Definition, Responsibilities & Challenges
Each of the 50 states has a state government. Within those states, each county and municipality also has a government. This lesson explains the organization of local governments and explores the powers and responsibilities of local governments.
7. Executive Branch of Government: Definition, Responsibilities & Power
The executive branch of government is responsible for enforcing the laws of the United States. Learn more about the executive branch, its responsibilities, and the extent of its power. Afterward, take a short quiz to check your understanding of the executive branch.
8. Legislative Branch of Government: Definition, Power & Function
Define the legislative branch of government, understand the various powers that the branch possesses, and learn about its important function in creating legislation in this lesson.
9. Judicial Branch of Government: Definition, Role & Power
In this lesson we examine the judicial branch of the government, including the Supreme Court and its power of judicial review. You will learn how the Supreme Court can rule laws unconstitutional.
10. The Court System: Trial, Appellate & Supreme Court
There are three separate levels of courts in our legal system, each serving a different function. Trial courts settle disputes as the first court of instance, appellate courts review cases moved up from trial courts and supreme courts hear cases of national importance or those appealed in the court of appeals.
11. Types of Public Policy in the United States
'What should the government do about it?' This is a fundamental public policy question, and the scope of 'it' continues to expand in our modern society. In this lesson, you'll learn about different types of public policy in the United States.
12. What Is Civic Participation? - Definition & Examples
This lesson discusses the importance of community involvement. Examples of different types of civic participation are included to help you understand ways we can be active in our communities. After the lesson, take a brief quiz to see what you have learned.
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Other chapters within the PLACE Social Studies: Practice & Study Guide course
- World History Through the 1500's
- World History from the 1500s to the 1700s
- Mid-18th Century to Present Day World History
- Pre-Colonial America
- Colonizing the New World & the Start of a New Nation
- America's Early Years
- America from the Civil War to WWI
- The United States in the 20th Century
- The Evolution of American Culture in the 20th Century
- Geographic Tools & Regions
- Human Population Patterns
- Humans & Environmental Impact
- Historical Geography & Contemporary Issues
- The United States Constitution & Government
- Colorado History & Law
- Political Relationships & the United States
- Microeconomics & Macroeconomics Overview
- Economic Systems & Activity
- Exchange & Trade Relationships
- Psychology, Sociology & Anthropology Basics
- Behavioral & Social Science Basics
- Writing & Research for Social Studies
- PLACE Social Studies Flashcards