Ch 12: Structures & Formulas of Organic Compounds

About This Chapter

Let us help you master the formulas, structures and general properties of organic compounds with this helpful chapter. Test yourself using our multiple-choice quizzes and then review the video and text lessons that you need to in order to prepare yourself for an upcoming assessment.

Structures & Formulas of Organic Compounds - Chapter Summary

Your study of organic compounds includes lessons on ketones and aldehydes, two ingredients that can be found in many common products, and the multitude of uses for the compound acetone, most commonly known for its use in nail polish remover. These fun lessons cover the uses, structure and general properties of urea and the biological functions of lipids.

Additional topics include saponification and why it is important in soap-making, the three categories of carbohydrates and the chemical components of starch. After this chapter is complete, you should know how to:

  • Explain what hydrocarbons are made of
  • Detail the structures of formaldehyde
  • Describe the chemical structure of amines and the uses of amine oxide
  • Discuss the unique structure of the methyl group
  • Outline the many uses for benzene
  • Identify the structure and uses of phenol

These study materials are available for your review on any mobile device or computer, 24 hours a day, seven days a week. Use the video and text lessons in conjunction with the quizzes to make sure that you understand the material. Jump ahead to a specific section of a video lesson by using the video tabs feature in the Timeline.

14 Lessons in Chapter 12: Structures & Formulas of Organic Compounds
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
What is Hydrocarbon? - Definition, Formula & Compounds

1. What is Hydrocarbon? - Definition, Formula & Compounds

Hydrocarbons are organic compounds that are made of only hydrogen and carbon atoms. They are found in many places, including crude oil and natural gas. Learn the different forms of these simple, yet varied, organic compounds.

Ketones & Aldehydes: Structure, Properties & Uses

2. Ketones & Aldehydes: Structure, Properties & Uses

Ketones and aldehydes can be ingredients in some familiar products. This lesson will explore some of the uses of these organic molecules. It will also examine the properties and structure of both ketones and aldehydes.

What is Formaldehyde? - Definition, Uses & Structures

3. What is Formaldehyde? - Definition, Uses & Structures

Do you remember that liquid in a jar that you used in biology class to preserve the frog you dissected? That liquid contains a substance known as formaldehyde. In this lesson, we will learn more about formaldehyde, its structure and its other uses.

What is Acetone? - Structure, Uses & Formula

4. What is Acetone? - Structure, Uses & Formula

Acetone is a common solvent that is present in nail polish remover, and it can be identified due to its distinctive smell. Aside from its use in nail polish remover, acetone has many other uses. In this lesson, we will discuss acetone's formula, uses, and structure.

Amine: Definition, Structure, Reactions & Formula

5. Amine: Definition, Structure, Reactions & Formula

What does the fried fish you eat and dog poop have in common? The answer is amines. In this lesson, we will learn about the chemical structure of amines and how they react.

What Is Amine Oxide? - Structure, Formula & Uses

6. What Is Amine Oxide? - Structure, Formula & Uses

The focal point of this lesson will be on a class of organic compounds called amine oxides. Our topics of discussion will be on their formula, structure, and practical applications of use.

Methyl Group: Structure & Formula

7. Methyl Group: Structure & Formula

Although small in size, methyl groups can be found in many organic compound structures. In this lesson, learn about the methyl group in chemistry, including its unique structure and formula.

What is Urea? - Structure, Formula & Uses

8. What is Urea? - Structure, Formula & Uses

You probably haven't heard of urea, but it is found in urine, fertilizers, and even in certain medications. This lesson will discuss the chemistry of urea as well as its many uses.

Structure and Function of Lipids

9. Structure and Function of Lipids

Molecules called lipids have long hydrocarbon chains that determine the way they act. They can be fats, oils, or hormones, and even exist in our cell membranes. Learn more about the chemical structure and biological function of various lipids in this lesson.

Saponification: Definition, Process & Reaction

10. Saponification: Definition, Process & Reaction

If you are in the soap making business, saponification is a very familiar process. Continue reading to learn about this organic reaction and its mechanism. Explore why this process is useful in making handmade soap.

Structure and Function of Carbohydrates

11. Structure and Function of Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates are found in many foods that we eat and may be found as sugars, starches, or fiber. Learn more about these three distinct types of carbohydrates, and how they are distinguished through their chemical structures in this lesson.

What is Starch? - Definition, Function & Chemical Formula

12. What is Starch? - Definition, Function & Chemical Formula

In this lesson, you'll learn what starch is composed of and some foods that contain it. In addition you will discover more about the chemical components of starch as well as its function inside and outside the body.

What is Benzene? - Uses, Structure & Formula

13. What is Benzene? - Uses, Structure & Formula

Benzene is one of the most widely used chemicals involved in manufacturing products we use on a daily basis, such as detergents, plastic and rubber. In this lesson, we will learn more about the structure, formula and various uses of benzene.

What is Phenol? - Structure & Uses

14. What is Phenol? - Structure & Uses

A type of carbolic acid and aromatic compound, phenol is found in numerous household products, like aspirin and detergent. Use this lesson to gain insight about phenol, understand its structure, and explore its uses.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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