About This Chapter
Student Assessments & Evaluations - Chapter Summary
Check out video lessons and informative text discussions on each of the chapter's concentrations, including student portfolio, performance and special education assessments. Strategies for the use of informal observations are the subject of another lesson. In addition, key topics on student assessments and evaluations include:
- Bloom's Taxonomy overview
- Using rubrics for literacy instruction
- Standardized assessments and their pros and cons
- Uses and misuses of standardized assessments
- Testing biases, cultural biases, and language differences
- Assessment using interviews, learning styles and interest inventories
- Action research in education
This chapter includes some important terms that link you to additional text you can make part of your review. Utilize the video tags as you see fit for reexamination of certain segments. You can establish your grasp on the lessons with the readily accessible self-assessment quizzes included throughout the chapter.
1. The Importance of Assessment in Education
Assessment is a critical piece of the learning process. This lesson gives an overview of assessment, why it benefits both teachers and students, and the three most common forms of assessment.
2. Qualities of Good Assessments: Standardization, Practicality, Reliability & Validity
Have you ever been in the middle of an assessment and thought, 'This question is unfair!' or 'This exam covers material I have never seen before!' If so, the assessment probably did not possess the qualities that make an assessment effective. This lesson will introduce you to the qualities of good assessments: reliability, standardization, validity, and practicality.
3. Validity in Assessments: Content, Construct & Predictive Validity
Ensuring that an assessment measures what it is intended to measure is a critical component in education. Assessment results are used to predict future achievement and current knowledge. This lesson will define the term validity and differentiate between content, construct, and predictive validity.
4. Testing Bias, Cultural Bias & Language Differences in Assessments
Assessments are used to gain useful information about test-takers' knowledge, skills and progress. Sometimes, however, the results of these assessments are incorrect due to biases. This lesson will differentiate and discuss types of testing bias and differences among test-takers that may lead to testing bias.
5. Bloom's Taxonomy and Assessments
Bloom's Taxonomy is a popular and extremely helpful tool that is used by most teachers. In this lesson, we'll discuss the original and revised Bloom's Taxonomy as well as how to use it in the classroom to assess learning and cognitive ability.
6. Use and Misuse of Assessments in the Classroom
Assessments are excellent tools in the classroom. Used properly, they provide invaluable information about student knowledge and progress. However, if misused, assessments can misrepresent the actual knowledge and learning taking place in the classroom. This lesson will discuss the use and misuse of standardized assessments.
7. Forms of Assessment: Informal, Formal, Paper-Pencil & Performance Assessments
Educators often need to assess students' learning and achievement. There are multiple forms of assessments that educators use to not only gain knowledge about a student's level of understanding but also to guide the direction of future lessons and course curriculum. This lesson will differentiate between formal and informal assessments and paper-pencil versus performance-based assessments used in educational settings.
8. Standardized Tests in Education: Advantages and Disadvantages
Standardized tests are used frequently in educational settings. This lesson will help you understand the advantages and disadvantages of these tests and also explore factors that impact standardized test performance.
9. Standardized Assessments & Formative vs. Summative Evaluations
If you have ever attended a public school or college you have been subjected to a form of standardized assessment. These assessments serve multiple purposes and provide valuable information regarding one's abilities, understanding and potential. This lesson will introduce you to the types of standardized assessments commonly used in schools and discuss two other types of assessments: formative and summative.
10. Performance Assessments: Product vs. Process
Playing a musical instrument, creating a spreadsheet and performing in a play are all activities that many of us engage in on a regular basis. These activities are also examples of ways teachers assess a student's mastery of a subject in educational settings. This lesson will define performance-based assessments and discuss the various uses of performance assessments in the classroom.
11. Special Education and Ecological Assessments
An ecological assessment is one type of assessment that is used to help students that have special needs. In this lesson, we discuss ecological assessments, what they entail, and how they are used.
12. Student Achievement: Definition, Factors & Research
What is student achievement? This lesson provides a general definition of student achievement, defines factors that impact a student's ability to achieve and explains what research shows about successful student achievement.
13. Action Research in Education: Methods & Examples
Action research is often used in the field of education. The following lesson provides two examples of action research in the field of education, methods of conducting action research and a quiz to assess your understanding of the topic.
14. Strategies for Using Informal Observations in Assessment
Informal observational assessments require watching, listening, and documenting student performance-based tasks. Strategies for this type of assessment range from intentional activities to incidental chance observations.
15. Student Portfolio Assessment: Strengths & Limitations
Educators strive to use various types of authentic assessments with their students. One type of assessment is the portfolio, and this lesson describes what a portfolio is, what goes in it, and how to manage and evaluate them in a classroom.
16. Using Interviews, Learning Styles & Interest Inventories for Assessment Purposes
Learning styles vary from person to person. One reliable way to determine one's learning style is through the use of interest inventory tools. This lesson covers the types of learning styles and how to use interviews in assessing students with varying approaches to learning.
17. How to Use Rubrics for Literacy Instruction
Rubrics are tools showing standards expected for assignments. This lesson will explain rubrics and describe how teachers can use rubrics to improve literacy instruction.
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Other chapters within the GACE Reading (617): Practice & Study Guide course
- Foundational Learning Theories
- Child Language Development
- Literacy Development & Literary Analysis
- Reading Strategies & Instruction
- Word-Learning Strategies
- Teaching Vocabulary & Reading Comprehension
- The Reading & Writing Connection
- Content Analysis Through Reading
- Making Connections While Reading
- Materials for Reading Instruction
- Classroom Environment for Literacy Instruction
- Teaching Diverse Learners
- Teacher & Parent Involvement in Student Learning
- Teaching with Technology
- Using Data & Monitoring in Reading Instruction
- GACE Reading Flashcards