About This Chapter
Student Assessments in School Counseling - Chapter Summary
This chapter covers the basics of student assessment use in school counseling. Our expert instructors present lessons on the qualities of good assessments and making sure they are standardized, practical, reliable, and valid. Formal and informal assessments are also covered as well as the uses and issues of high-stakes testing. After completing this chapter, you should be able to:
- Define validity in assessments
- Compare norm- vs. criterion-referenced scoring
- Discuss measurement error in student assessment
- Explain personal and environmental factors impacting student learning, success, and test performance
- Understand the importance of using multiple data sources for assessments
- Describe sharing assessment data with students and stakeholders and using data to inform instruction
- Summarize response to intervention
- Identify Florida's Academic Counseling and Tracking for Students (FACTS)
The lessons in this chapter have been prepared by professional instructors to help you make the most of your study time. The lessons are short and available online at any time so you can study when it is convenient for you. Lesson tags allow you to go back through the videos to find key information, and the lesson quizzes let you check your progress.
1. Qualities of Good Assessments: Standardization, Practicality, Reliability & Validity
Have you ever been in the middle of an assessment and thought, 'This question is unfair!' or 'This exam covers material I have never seen before!' If so, the assessment probably did not possess the qualities that make an assessment effective. This lesson will introduce you to the qualities of good assessments: reliability, standardization, validity, and practicality.
2. Validity in Assessments: Content, Construct & Predictive Validity
Ensuring that an assessment measures what it is intended to measure is a critical component in education. Assessment results are used to predict future achievement and current knowledge. This lesson will define the term validity and differentiate between content, construct, and predictive validity.
3. The Reliability Coefficient and the Reliability of Assessments
How are test scores affected by day-to-day changes of a student? Do different people rate students' performances the same? These questions are addressed through the understanding of reliability. This lesson will define reliability, explain how reliability is measured, and explore methods to enhance reliability of assessments in the classroom.
4. Norm- vs. Criterion-Referenced Scoring: Advantages & Disadvantages
Assessment results allow educators to make important decisions about students' knowledge, abilities and future educational potential. There are multiple ways to summarize and interpret assessment results. This lesson will discuss ways to summarize norm-referenced assessments and criterion-referenced assessments.
5. Personal Factors Affecting Student Learning & Success
Personal factors, like personality and social skills, impact a student's success and ability to learn. This lesson outlines factors that affect student learning and success and details how they impact learning.
6. Environmental Factors Impacting Student Test Performance
Students are faced with taking assessments throughout their academic career. What types of things impact performance? This lesson gives an overview of various environmental factors and tips on how to make the environment conducive to success.
7. Formal Assessments: Examples & Types
Formal assessments are tests that systematically measure how well a student has mastered learning outcomes. Learn more about formal assessments and test your knowledge with a quiz.
8. Informal Assessments in the Classroom: Examples & Types
In this lesson, we will discuss informal assessments used in the classroom. We will cover what informal assessments are and look at some types and examples, and then you will be asked to take a short quiz to assess your comprehension.
9. High-Stakes Testing: Accountability and Problems
Do high test scores equal high achievement? Many politicians and educational reformers think the answer is yes. High-stakes standardized testing has become commonplace in American schools. This lesson will define high-stakes testing and accountability and present problems associated with these types of tests.
10. Using Multiple Data Sources for Assessments
What is the best way for teachers to assess their students' knowledge and skills? In this lesson, we'll discuss different types of assessments and why using multiple data sources to assess learning is best for students and teachers alike.
11. Sharing Assessment Data with Students & Stakeholders
In this lesson, we will discuss some of the misunderstandings stakeholders have about testing and score reports to identify ways that teachers can prepare to communicate outcomes of student assessments with students, parents, and colleagues.
12. What Is Response to Intervention (RTI)? - Tiers & Strategies
The Response to Intervention process, or RTI, was designed and implemented in public schools as an attempt at early intervention for students with exceptional educational needs. In this video, we will look at the basics of this process.
13. Using Data to Inform Instruction
This lesson highlights how data is used to improve student achievement through instruction, assessment, analysis, and re-teaching. A short quiz will follow to test your knowledge.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the FTCE Guidance & Counseling PK-12 (018): Test Practice & Study Guide course
- Counseling Theories & Techniques
- Human Development in Counseling Theories
- Culture, Identity & Personality in Counseling Theories
- Social and Cultural Diversity Issues for School Counselors
- Communication & Leadership in Counseling
- School Counseling Activities & Programs
- High-Risk Behaviors in Adolescence & Counseling Interventions
- Counseling Students on Career Development
- Consultation, Collaboration and Coordination in School Counseling
- Professional, Ethical & Legal Issues in School Counseling
- Academic Advising in School Counseling
- Evaluating School Counseling Programs
- Implementing Technology in School Counseling
- FTCE Guidance & Counseling PK-12 Flashcards