About This Chapter
Student Learning & Motivation - Chapter Summary
Albert Bandura's social cognitive theory is among the many topics highlighted in this chapter. The chapter looks at another influential psychologist, Abraham Maslow, and his hierarchy of needs spanning five levels in a different lesson. Other major topics that you'll see in the chapter dealing with student learning and motivation include:
- Goal orientation theory
- Maximum participation
- Attribution theory and locus of control
- Intrinsic and extrinsic motivation to enhance learning
- Teacher expectations
- Expectancy value theory
Reaffirm your knowledge of these topics by watching the short video lessons. The handy video tags in the timeline allow you to jump forward or backward in any video lesson with ease. This chapter features self-assessment quizzes available for you to take as you move through the lessons.
1. The Importance of Motivation in an Educational Environment
In this lesson, you'll see how motivation affects learning. Discover the behaviors and perspectives that relate to motivation in an educational environment.
2. How to Get Kids Excited for Physical Activity
Combating obesity, inactivity, and laziness is a growing crisis. Helping kids to be excited to be involved in physical activity can change their lives. This lesson offers valuable tips for creating an active lifestyle.
3. Social-Cognitive Learning Theory: Definition and Examples
Have you learned behaviors or skills from observing others? Maybe you have learned from observing a teacher, friend, or supervisor. We acquire new knowledge and skills from a variety of methods. This lesson will introduce the concepts of the social-cognitive theory, which focuses on the learning that occurs within a social context.
4. Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs: Definition, Theory & Pyramid
Why is it that when some of our needs aren't met, it's almost impossible to concentrate on other ones? Psychologist Abraham Maslow spent his career looking for these answers. Watch this lesson to learn about some of his most important conclusions.
5. Albert Bandura: Social-Cognitive Theory and Vicarious Learning
A person's cognition, environment and behavior play important roles in learning new knowledge and skills. This lesson will focus on Albert Bandura's contributions to social learning and vicarious experiences.
6. Attribution Theory and the Principle of Locus of Control
What do you attribute your successes or failures to? Do you feel like luck and chance are involved, or do you feel like you're in control of your achievements and behavior? This lesson will provide you with an overview of attribution theory and the principles of locus of control.
7. Expectancy Value Theory: Age, Gender & Ethnicity Differences
The values placed on an object or event and our expectancies of performance play a large role in determining the level of effort and ultimately the level of achievement for a given activity. This lesson will detail two popular models of expectancy-value theory and provide suggestions on how to incorporate these theories into a classroom setting.
8. Goal Orientation Theory: How Goals Affect Student Motivation & Behavior
What academic goals do you set for yourself? Are you driven by interest in the academic discipline or by extrinsic factors, such as receiving a higher salary because you have a degree? You may be driven by both. This lesson will explore goals and how they affect student motivation and behavior.
9. Using Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation to Enhance Learning
Why do you want to learn about educational psychology? Do you enjoy reading about different theories and practices? Do you have to pass this class in order to receive a degree? Our behaviors are driven by intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. In this lesson, distinguish between these types of motivation and learn how they can enhance learning.
10. Self-Efficacy vs. Self-Concept: Differences & Effects on Outcome Expectations
How do you perceive yourself? Are you good in a particular academic discipline? Do you like being around others, or do you prefer to spend time alone? The answers to these questions help make up your self-concept and self-efficacy. This lesson will differentiate between these two concepts and explore outcomes of high and low self-efficacy.
11. Self-Determination Theory: Capacity, Strategy & Control Beliefs
How do you stay motivated? What motivates your peers and coworkers? Are rewards motivating factors or do people have an internal drive to persist until a given activity is completed? This lesson will describe a theory that encompasses both intrinsic and extrinsic motivators: the self-determination theory.
12. The Role of Motivation in Self-Regulated Learning
Do you monitor and evaluate your own learning? Do you alter the way you study based on performance on assessments? If so, you are engaging in self-regulation practices and, by doing so, increasing the likelihood of academic achievement. This lesson will define self-regulation, discuss the cyclical process of self-regulation and explore methods to promote self-regulation in the classroom.
13. Teacher Expectations & Attributions
Attributions for success and failure drive future expectations for learning and success. Students attribute their successes or failures to a number of factors. Teachers also make attributions for student performance. This lesson will explore teacher expectations and attributions that affect classroom and individual student performance.
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