About This Chapter
Studying the History of Psychology - Chapter Summary
This chapter enables you to gain full comprehension of the history of psychology without setting foot in a traditional classroom. Learn from top instructors in a secure online environment about historiography and the historical perspectives of the major psychological systems. Enjoy access to multiple-choice quizzes and a practice exam that test your understanding of the concepts covered in this chapter. Utilizing these resources can ensure you're able to:
- Explain the meaning of psychology
- Point out the subjective nature of history
- Outline issues, methods and research associated with using historical data
- Analyze culture, discrimination, politics and economics in psychology
- Differentiate between personalistic and naturalistic theories of scientific history
- Evaluate the philosophy of science
- Summarize psychoanalysis, behaviorism and the Gestalt approach as well as structuralism and functionalism
- Survey psychology specializations after 1950
- Dissect the ethics of psychological experiments
1. What Is Psychology?
Psychology is the scientific study of how we think, feel and behave. In this lesson, you'll get an overview of the five main approaches that have guided modern psychological research.
2. Understanding the Subjective Nature of History
In this lesson, we'll examine issues of subjectivity and interpretation in the field of history. We'll learn why historiography is important and how it affects the discipline.
3. Using Historical Data: Issues, Methods & Research
When encountering data from the past, one must make sure that it is of good quality. There are several challenges that can come up when using historical data. What should you do in those situations? Complete this lesson to find out.
4. Culture & Discrimination in Psychology: Influence & Examples
Psychology has been and continues to be shaped by many different forces. This lesson looks at how psychology has been influenced by culture and discrimination, what those two terms mean and provides some examples.
5. Politics & Economics in Psychology: Influence & Examples
There have been many different influences that have shaped psychology. This lesson looks at how politics, economics, and war have worked to create the science of psychology as it is seen today and the issues these three topics have caused in psychology.
6. Personalistic v. Naturalistic Theories of Scientific History
There has always been a debate regarding whether people or events moved history. This lesson looks at the differences between personalistic theory and naturalistic theory, defines each, and provides an understanding of how they coincide.
7. What is The Philosophy of Science?
In this lesson, consider what it means for knowledge to be based on science. You'll learn how four key philosophers describe science and how a few question the value of the scientific method.
8. Psychological Approaches: Functionalism, Structuralism, Gestalt, Psychoanalysis & Behaviorism
In this lesson, you will explore some of the popular approaches that psychologists use to help them study the human mind. Then, test your understanding with a brief quiz.
9. Three Later Approaches: Gestalt, Psychoanalysis and Behaviorism
How was psychology studied in the early twentieth century? In this lesson, you'll look at three common approaches of the early twentieth century and get a sense of the diverse routes psychologists can take as they study how the mind works.
10. Psychological Specializations: Cognitive, Humanistic, Social, Developmental & Clinical
Psychologists today study behavior through five main specializations: cognitive, humanistic, social, developmental and clinical. In this lesson, you'll focus on the central ideas behind each approach.
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Other chapters within the Psychology 312: History and Systems of Psychology course
- Philosophical Influences on Psychology
- Physiological Influences on Psychology
- Women & Minorities in Psychology
- The New Psychology
- Structuralism in Psychology
- Antecedent Influences on Functionalism
- Development of Functionalism
- Applied Psychology
- Antecedent Influences on Behaviorism
- Development of Behaviorism
- Evolution of Behaviorism
- Gestalt Psychology
- Important Theories in Psychoanalysis
- Contemporary Developments in Psychology
- Required Assignment for Psychology 312
- Studying for Psychology 312