About This Chapter
Standard: Present information, findings, and supporting evidence, conveying a clear and distinct perspective, such that listeners can follow the line of reasoning, alternative or opposing perspectives are addressed, and the organization, development, substance, and style are appropriate to purpose, audience, and a range of formal and informal tasks. (CCSS.ELA.LITERACY.SL.11-12.4).
About This Chapter
Students who understand the concepts identified in this standard understand the purpose for their speech and the audience that will be listening to it. They can create a speech that has a style appropriate to the audience and purpose. Students can research their topic, choose appropriate supporting evidence and organize a speech that is clear, accurate and recognizes the opposing viewpoints.
Some of the concepts covered in these lessons include:
- Factors that determine the style of a speech
- Accurate and inclusive language use in speeches
- Oral and written language styles and differences
- Speech delivery types
- Vocal qualities to convey meaning
- Role of nonverbal communication in a speech
Students show mastery of this standard when they can describe how the audience and speaker are used to determine the style of a speech. They understand that diction can influence a speech's style and know how to adapt language to fit the style of the speech and the diversity of the listeners. Students are aware of the different types of speech delivery and know how to use vocal qualities to convey meaning.
How to Use These Lessons in Your Classroom
Here are some tips for how to use these lessons to support instruction in the standard:
Lessons on Identifying Speech Style
Watch lessons on style selection in class and hand out copies of a well-known speech from a prominent figure. Read the speech or parts of the speech out loud and ask students to describe the style of the speech. See if they can identify some audience characteristics that would have been used to dictate the style of the speech. Students can also identify speaker characteristics and the purpose of the speech.
Lessons on Types of Speech Delivery
After watching video lessons on speech delivery divide students into four groups and assign each group to write a speech using one of the four speech delivery types. Give them a few days to work on their project then have a representative from each group present their speech to the class. Ask the class to identify the speech delivery type that was used and some of the characteristics for each type.
Lessons on Nonverbal Communication
Watch video lessons on nonverbal communication then discuss some common nonverbal cues. Select one student to read a pre-selected speech and display nonverbal cues throughout the speech. Afterwards, discuss with listeners how they were influenced by the words of the speech and by the nonverbal cues exhibited by the speaker.
1. The Style of a Speech: Speaker, Audience & Purpose
When writing a speech, a writer should consider the speaker, audience and purpose of the speech. Each factor influences the overall style of the speech.
2. How Diction Influences the Style of a Speech
Audience understanding has much to do with the speech writer's word choice. Diction involves an accurate, appropriate and understandable selection of words to better convey the meaning of a speech.
3. Major Differences Between Oral and Written Language Styles
Several differences contrast oral and written communication. Some differences seem obvious, but there's more to it. Retention, preciseness and engagement are just a few main differences.
4. Inclusive Language in Public Speaking: Respecting Diversity
Speechwriters must consider diversity when writing their speeches. A way to avoid offending people is to use inclusive language, or language that the audience is familiar with and understands.
5. Four Types of Speech Delivery: Impromptu, Extemporaneous, Manuscript & Memorized
There are four ways in which a speaker can deliver his or her information. Once can speak from his head, commit every word to memory, read from a script or use a blended approach.
6. Using Vocal Qualities to Convey Meaning in Public Speaking
To keep your audience engaged, it is important to consider vocal qualities like volume, pace and pitch. These qualities are what keep your speech not only interesting but also engaging. Learn about vocal qualities in this lesson.
7. Considering Pronunciation, Articulation, and Dialect in Public Speaking
The speaker's culture and habits often have much to do with the vocal traits of a speech. Thus, punctuation, articulation and dialect are three very personal aspects of speech delivery.
8. The Role of Nonverbal Communication During Speech Delivery
When delivering a speech, your body movements tell almost as much about your message as your actual speech. Eye contact, body orientation, posture, facial expressions and gestures play into how your audience perceives your message.
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Other chapters within the Common Core ELA - Speaking and Listening Grades 11-12: Standards course
- Participate in Discussion: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.11-12.1
- Groups, Goals and Roles: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.11-12.1
- Use Multiple Sources of Information: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.11-12.2
- Evaluate Point of View: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.11-12.3
- Presenting to an Audience: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.11-12.4
- Supporting Material: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.11-12.4
- Organization of a Speech: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.11-12.4
- Developing a Speech: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.11-12.4
- Use Digital Media: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.11-12.5
- Communicate in Multiple Contexts: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.11-12.6