About This Chapter
Standard: Present information, findings, and supporting evidence, conveying a clear and distinct perspective, such that listeners can follow the line of reasoning, alternative or opposing perspectives are addressed, and the organization, development, substance, and style are appropriate to purpose, audience, and a range of formal and informal tasks. (CCSS.ELA.LITERACY.SL.11-12.4).
About This Chapter
Students who understand the concepts identified in this standard are able to create a speech that is well-researched and uses appropriate supporting evidence. Students are capable of writing a clear thesis and creating an organized presentation that is credible and accurate. They know how to research a topic with the audience and purpose for the event in mind.
Some of the concepts covered in these lessons include:
- Effective research strategies for speaking to an audience
- Importance of primary and secondary research
- Types of supporting materials for a speech
- Resources for finding supporting materials
- Methods for selecting relevant support for a speech
Students have mastered this standard when they can make a speech or presentation that is backed by solid evidence to support their thesis statement. They know how to find supporting evidence for their topic and understand the difference between primary and secondary evidence. They've considered the audience they'll be speaking to while researching their topic and can use a variety of sources to lend support to their argument.
How to Use These Lessons in Your Classroom
Here are some tips for how to use these lessons to support instruction in the standard:
Lessons on Finding Sources
Watch lessons on finding supporting materials, types of materials and types of research in class. Ask each student to pick a topic that they could give a speech about and request that they perform online research to find supporting evidence for their topic. Suggest that students use different search engines to locate sources. Discuss in class which search methods or search engines worked best and what the advantages are to online research versus other methods.
Lessons on Primary versus Secondary Research
Watch the video lesson on primary and secondary research in class. Prepare examples of different source materials and hand them out to each student in the class. Ask each student to read his example out loud then have the class decide whether it's primary or secondary.
Lessons on Selecting Relevant Support
Watch the video lesson on selecting relevant materials in class. Divide students into groups and let them choose a topic that could be turned into a speech. Ask each student to perform their own research on the topic. Students can bring their results back to the group and select the evidence that would work best for their topic based on the concepts of relevancy and appropriateness addressed in the video lesson.
1. Effective Research Strategies: Speaking to Your Audience & Purpose
Conducting research is more than just typing a few keywords into a search database. In this lesson, you will learn about effective research strategies and how to tailor your research to your audience.
2. Primary vs. Secondary Research: Difference & Importance
Research is a vital part of any good speech. This lesson will help you distinguish between primary and secondary resources when citing your research. At the end, test your knowledge of primary and secondary resources with practice problems.
3. Types of Supporting Materials for a Speech
When you are developing a speech, you need research to back up your claims. You can use different types of supporting materials strategically to help you. In this lesson, you will learn about these supporting materials and how to use them in your speech.
4. Using Search Engines for Online Research
The Internet can be a resource that saves you time, but if you don't know how to use it properly, it can be a frustrating experience. In this lesson, you will learn about how to properly find supporting materials online with research tips and tricks.
5. Selecting Relevant Support for Your Speech
Supporting materials are the foundation of any good speech. This lesson shows you how to find the right type of supporting materials for the ideas and concepts in your speech!
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the Common Core ELA - Speaking and Listening Grades 11-12: Standards course
- Participate in Discussion: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.11-12.1
- Groups, Goals and Roles: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.11-12.1
- Use Multiple Sources of Information: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.11-12.2
- Evaluate Point of View: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.11-12.3
- Style of a Speech: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.11-12.4
- Presenting to an Audience: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.11-12.4
- Organization of a Speech: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.11-12.4
- Developing a Speech: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.11-12.4
- Use Digital Media: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.11-12.5
- Communicate in Multiple Contexts: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.11-12.6