About This Chapter
Illinois TAP Language Arts: Grammar - Chapter Summary
The lessons in this chapter explain various grammatical terms and how to identify and use them in preparation for the Illinois TAP - Test of Academic Proficiency. The engaging video lessons explain the parts of speech, including pronouns, adjectives and verbs, and give examples of rules and proper usage. Topics covered include:
- Nouns - types, definition and examples
- Singular and plural nouns - definitions, rules and examples
- Possessive nouns - types, examples and definition
- Collective nouns
- Grammar rules for using nouns as the subject of a sentence
- Verb forms - participles and infinitives
- Predicates - examples and definitions
- Action, auxiliary and linking verbs - definition, function and examples
- Antecedents - definition and examples
- Compound antecedents - definition and examples
- Pronouns - definition, types and examples
- Relative, reflexive, interrogative and possessive pronouns
- Personal pronouns
- Personal pronouns and antecedents - number agreement
- Possessive pronouns and contractions - definition and examples
- Pronouns without antecedents - examples and rationale
- Comparison of adverbs and adjectives - sample sentences and exercises
- Subject-verb agreements - Uncommon singular and plural nouns and pronouns
- Sentence agreement - how to avoid faulty collective ownership
- Identification of a sentence's subject
- Verb tense and subject-verb agreement
- Indefinite and definite articles - definition and examples
- Independent and dependent clauses - subordination and coordination
- Misplaced and dangling modifiers - definition
- Conjunctions - correlative and coordinating
Gifted instructors lead each lesson, giving you a solid background in grammar and its functions as you prepare for the test. This knowledge will enable you to name and use parts of speech correctly, and these lessons make learning fun.
Objectives of the Illinois TAP Language Arts: Grammar Course
The TAP Language Arts exam assesses your knowledge of grammar and writing. Passing the TAP is required for Illinois teacher licensing. TAP's Language Arts portion, which contains the grammar information, consists of 60 multiple-choice questions. The self-assessment tests that are part of each lesson allow you to check your knowledge and get acquainted with the test's format.
The TAP consists of three portions with 170 total questions, plus a writing section. You must obtain a passing mark on each section.
1. What Are Nouns? - Definition, Types & Examples
A noun is a part of speech that identifies a person, place, thing, or idea. In this lesson, in addition to learning how to identify nouns, you'll learn the difference between proper and common nouns and a bit about how nouns function in sentences.
2. Singular & Plural Nouns: Definitions, Rules & Examples
This video takes a look at how singular nouns are turned into plural nouns. Check it out to learn about regular and irregular plurals as well as important definitions, rules, and exceptions.
3. What Are Possessive Nouns? - Examples, Definition & Types
This video explains what you need to know to use apostrophes to make singular and plural nouns possessive. You'll also learn how to avoid mixing up your plurals and possessives.
4. What Are Collective Nouns?
In this lesson, you'll find out what collective nouns are as well as how to ensure that you're using the right verbs and pronouns in sentences that contain them.
5. Using Nouns as the Subject of a Sentence: Grammar Rules & Examples
A subject is an essential part of a sentence. This video explains the role that subjects play in sentences, how nouns work as subjects and the various types of subjects.
6. Verb Forms: Participles & Infinitives
Using verbs correctly involves knowing more than just how to express action in a sentence. This lesson will show you a few special types of verb forms - infinitives, present participles, and past participles - as well as how to use them.
7. What are Predicates? - Definition and Examples
A predicate is a necessary component of each sentence, so it's important to know what one is and how to identify one. This lesson goes over the basics of predicates as well as how knowing about them can help answer other grammatical questions.
8. Action, Linking and Auxiliary Verbs: Definitions, Functions & Examples
Do you think that a verb is just a verb? Check out this lesson to learn about the differences among action verbs, linking verbs, and auxiliary/helping verbs.
9. What is an Antecedent? - Definition, Meaning & Examples
If you have a pronoun in a sentence, you'll also need to have an antecedent. In this lesson, find out what an antecedent is as well as some of the basic rules for avoiding vague pronoun references and for making sure that you have pronoun-antecedent agreement.
10. Compound Antecedents: Definition & Examples
You may know already that an antecedent and its pronoun must agree in number. In this lesson, you'll learn about compound antecedents and the various rules involving how they can be made to agree with pronouns.
11. What Are Pronouns? - Types, Examples & Definition
In this lesson, we'll learn about pronouns in general, and take a look at two types of personal pronouns: subjective case and objective case pronouns. Knowing which case of pronoun you'll need can help you avoid common pronoun errors.
12. Pronouns: Relative, Reflexive, Interrogative & Possessive
In this lesson, we'll look at relative, reflexive, interrogative and possessive pronouns. We'll do this by antagonizing our friend Gary with the whos, whats, whoms, and whichevers that make up these pronouns.
13. What Are Personal Pronouns?
Pronouns are great for making sure debaters don't have to keep repeating the other guy's name over and over again, but they have many other uses too! In fact, pronouns, you could say, make reading readable. In part one, we'll cover personal pronouns and how they're used before moving on to more esoteric varieties.
14. Personal Pronouns and Antecedents: Number Agreement
In this lesson, you'll learn how to avoid one of the most common grammatical mistakes in writing by learning how to ensure that all of the antecedents in your writing agree in number with the pronouns that they're matched up with.
15. Possessive Pronouns & Contractions: Definition & Examples
In writing, many people get possessive pronouns and contractions confused. In this lesson, we'll discuss the differences between the two, as well as how to use apostrophes in order to form contractions.
16. Comparison of Adjectives & Adverbs: Examples, Sentences & Exercises
Adjectives and adverbs are descriptive words that allow our sentences to be much more specific and interesting than they would be without them. This lesson covers the rules for using adjectives and adverbs correctly, including those used in comparisons.
17. Subject-Verb Agreement: Using Uncommon Singular and Plural Nouns and Pronouns
Subject-verb agreement is a tricky beast. Learn which uncommon singular and plural nouns and pronouns are most likely to trip you up when trying to craft essays with good grammar.
18. Sentence Agreement: Avoiding Faulty Collective Ownership
A common error occurs whenever a writer uses wording that suggests that a lot of people own or use just one thing, when really they all own or use their own separate things. This video will explain how to identify and fix this type of error.
19. How to Identify the Subject of a Sentence
Don't pass over this lesson! You may think you know how to find subjects and verbs in a sentence, but picking them out can be harder than you think. Identifying subjects and verbs is the first step to unlocking nearly everything else about English composition.
20. Verb Tense & Subject-Verb Agreement
Learn all about verb tense and subject-verb agreement in our first lesson on this tricky topic. We'll look at examples to help you understand this concept.
21. Indefinite and Definite Articles: Definition and Examples
Watch this video lesson on indefinite and definite articles. Find out when you should use which type of article and when you shouldn't use any article at all.
22. Independent & Dependent Clauses: Subordination & Coordination
This lesson is about independent and dependent clauses, and how they make up a sentence. Dependent clauses, like the name suggests, rely on other elements in a sentence. Independent clauses, on the other hand, can stand alone. Learn more in this lesson.
23. What Are Misplaced Modifiers and Dangling Modifiers?
I have this recurring nightmare where all my modifiers are misplaced or dangling and everybody's laughing at me. Don't let this happen to you! Learn why modifiers are important and why putting them in the right place is even more so.
24. Conjunctions: Coordinating & Correlative
Conjunctions are parts of speech that join together other words, phrases and clauses in sentences. Learn all about two types of conjunctions - coordinating and correlative - in this lesson.
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Other chapters within the ILTS TAP - Test of Academic Proficiency (400): Practice & Study Guide course
- About the Illinois TAP Test
- Illinois TAP Reading Comprehension: Vocabulary & Language
- Illinois TAP Reading Comprehension: Find the Main Idea & Supporting Details
- Illinois TAP Reading Comprehension: Inference & Interpretation
- Illinois TAP Reading Comprehension: Critical Reasoning
- Illinois TAP Reading: Summarizing & Interpreting Information
- Illinois TAP Language Arts: Writing Mechanics
- Illinois TAP Writing: Understanding Audience
- Illinois TAP Writing: Development & Organization
- Illinois TAP Writing: Editing & Revision
- Illinois TAP Writing: Clarity
- Illinois TAP Writing: Practice
- Illinois TAP Math: Integers
- Illinois TAP Math: Fractions, Decimals & Percents
- Illinois TAP Math: Estimation & Measurement
- Illinois TAP Math: Reasoning Skills
- Illinois TAP Math: Algebra
- Illinois TAP Math: Geometry
- Illinois TAP Math: Data & Statistics
- ILTS TAP - Test of Academic Proficiency Flashcards