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Ch 1: Teaching English Language Learners

About This Chapter

Learn more about teaching English Language Learners by working through the lessons in this chapter. You will find vocabulary lessons, games, exercises and writing activities that will help you make learning easy and fun for your students.

Teaching English Language Learners - Chapter Summary

This chapter shows you some methods for teaching English to non-English speakers. Vocabulary drills for many types of situations, songs, grammar games and word lists are only a few of the tools you will encounter. You will read about:

  • Beginner and advanced vocabulary word lists and games
  • Specialized vocabulary word lists and games including business, music, clothing, etc.
  • Books, short stories and writing activities and rubrics
  • Accommodations and differentiated instruction for ELL students
  • Ways to teach grammar to ELL students and much more!

These quick, yet interesting and informative lessons provide useful, comprehensive information in small, easy-to-manage bites. Well-written, carefully researched and authoritative, they combine with lesson quizzes and a chapter test to form a powerful study tool that you can take with you wherever you go. The convenient online platform allows you to schedule your study sessions around your other commitments, so that your time is always used to best advantage, and help is as close as your computer mouse.

How It Helps

  • Explains helpful strategies: You'll learn about ESL teaching strategies for teaching general and specialized vocabulary to your ELL students.
  • Assists comprehension: Games and activities provide you the means of teaching your students English in a fun and easy way.
  • Enhances student engagement: Music and songs allow your students to sing in English, enhancing their language skills while encouraging participation.

Skills Covered

At the end of this chapter, you will know how to:

  • Introduce general and specialized vocabulary to ELL students using games and word lists
  • Provide accommodations and differentiated instruction as needed
  • Develop writing activities and rubrics for use in the classroom

44 Lessons in Chapter 1: Teaching English Language Learners
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Defining ESL vs. ELL

1. Defining ESL vs. ELL

Are all of the acronyms found in English language instruction confusing you? This lesson helps to clarify the differences between ESL and ELL, as well as other similar acronyms in PK-12 education.

ESL Personality Traits Lesson Plan

2. ESL Personality Traits Lesson Plan

This lesson plan provides teachers with both individual and group exercises designed to teach ESL (English as a Second Language) learners how to discuss and describe personality traits.

How Are ELL Students Identified?

3. How Are ELL Students Identified?

In this lesson, you will learn about the procedures that school districts use to identify English language learner (ELL) students and provide them with an appropriate method of instruction.

Differentiated Instruction for ELL Students

4. Differentiated Instruction for ELL Students

In this lesson, you will learn strategies for differentiating your instruction for English Language Learners in the areas of writing, reading, speaking, and listening.

The Silent Period for ELL Students

5. The Silent Period for ELL Students

A silent period is the first phase of second language acquisition for an English Language Learner. Explore the reason for, length of, and type of language acquired during this period.

ELL Interventions, Strategies & Best Practices

6. ELL Interventions, Strategies & Best Practices

As a teacher of English language learners (ELL), you're responsible for meeting your students' social, emotional, and educational needs in the classroom. In this lesson, we'll explore interventions, strategies, and best practices to meet these needs.

Total Physical Response: Method & Examples

7. Total Physical Response: Method & Examples

Movement can be an incredibly powerful method for second language acquisition. In this lesson, you'll learn about Total Physical Response (TPR), a strategy for teaching beginner second language learners.

Songs for Teaching ESL Students

8. Songs for Teaching ESL Students

In this lesson, you will learn the benefits of using songs to teach English as a Second Language (ESL) students. Find out how to choose a song, as well as how to integrate songs into your ESL lessons.

Tips for Teaching ESL Online

9. Tips for Teaching ESL Online

In this lesson you will learn some helpful tips and strategies for teaching English as a second language (ESL) online. This lesson covers tips on teaching students how to speak, write, read and listen. Continue reading to learn more.

What Are the ELL Proficiency Levels?

10. What Are the ELL Proficiency Levels?

This lesson describes the standard ELL proficiency levels and provides examples for each level. Additionally, the American State system and various internationally recognized systems are also discussed.

ESL Lesson Plan Template

11. ESL Lesson Plan Template

This lesson goes over a template for an ESL lesson plan that can be used for any age group and any language level. The template is broken down into six sections. Each section is designed to help your students' learning and to help your class flow more smoothly.

Teaching Phonics to ESL Students

12. Teaching Phonics to ESL Students

Learning phonics will help your ESL students improve reading, spelling and pronunciation, especially with new words. In this lesson, we will discuss some ideas to teach phonics to students of various ages and linguistic levels.

Teaching Pronunciation to ESL Students

13. Teaching Pronunciation to ESL Students

Proper pronunciation is an essential skill for ESL students to develop so they can communicate effectively. In this lesson, we will provide activity ideas to teach pronunciation to students of varying ages and language levels.

Comprehensible Input for ELL Students

14. Comprehensible Input for ELL Students

In this lesson, you will learn about using comprehensible input, or how to present information in a way that is easier for ELL students to understand.

What is Comprehensible Input?

15. What is Comprehensible Input?

Do you need a quick overview or refresher about comprehensible input? This lesson explains the origin and meaning of the term and provides examples of how to incorporate this theory into classroom practice.

SIOP Model: Definition, Components & Process

16. SIOP Model: Definition, Components & Process

If you are getting into teaching according to the SIOP model, this lesson will be very useful. We will go over the basis of the model, the various components, as well as the process of employing those components in the classroom. Read on to learn more.

SIOP Teaching Strategies

17. SIOP Teaching Strategies

This lesson will cover teaching strategies connected to the Sheltered Instruction Observation Protocol (SIOP). Focus will be placed on strategies geared toward English Language Learners.

SIOP for ESL Students

18. SIOP for ESL Students

Are you new to the SIOP (sheltered instruction observation protocol) model? If so, you will find this lesson helpful. We will go over the SIOP elements, as well as how to successfully use them with your ESL students.

What Are ESL Classes?

19. What Are ESL Classes?

English as a Second Language (ESL) classes are designed to teach a variety of language skills to non-native English speakers (also known as English language learners). Read on to learn what these courses have to offer and discover options available to school-age children as well as adults and prospective college students.

International Phonetic Alphabet: Sounds & Symbols

20. International Phonetic Alphabet: Sounds & Symbols

Speech scientists, linguists, and speech pathologists use an alphabet called the International Phonetic Alphabet when referring to speech sounds. This lesson will explain what this alphabet is and how the symbols in it correspond to speech sounds.

Basic Interpersonal Communication Skills (BICS): Definition & Examples

21. Basic Interpersonal Communication Skills (BICS): Definition & Examples

This lesson will provide you with a definition and examples of interpersonal communication, as well as introduce you to the communication process. Watch it to learn more about basic interpersonal communication skills.

Cooperative Learning Strategies with ESL Students

22. Cooperative Learning Strategies with ESL Students

In this lesson, you will learn some strategies for incorporating cooperative learning into your lesson plans for English as a Second Language students. Strategies for writing, reading, speaking, and listening will be covered.

History of ESL Education in the U.S.

23. History of ESL Education in the U.S.

When did ESL (English as a Second Language) education begin in the United States? Would you believe as far back as the mid 1600s? This lesson provides a history of the strategies and methodologies of ESL education in the U.S.

Helping ESL Students Set Goals

24. Helping ESL Students Set Goals

In this lesson, teachers will learn strategies for helping English as a Second Language (ESL) students set goals. The strategies provided can be adapted for a variety of ages and grade levels.

ESL Teacher Organizations

25. ESL Teacher Organizations

ESL teachers will find a variety of organizations and associations designed to help them develop professionally, create effective classroom instruction and assessments, and actively engage in the future of ESL education. Read on to learn about the different groups and what they do.

Grants for English Language Learners

26. Grants for English Language Learners

Students learning the English language have a number of grants and scholarships available to help them during their studies. Keep reading for a list of just a few examples of these programs for ELL students.

Language Objectives for ESL Students

27. Language Objectives for ESL Students

Need a refresher on some standard level-based language objectives for ESL students? This lesson provides level-based objectives that may be adapted to your own unique teaching style, school requirements, and student needs.

Strategies for Teaching Gifted ELL Students

28. Strategies for Teaching Gifted ELL Students

Teaching gifted students can be rewarding, but it can also pose unique challenges. In this lesson, teachers are provided strategies and methods specifically designed for use when teaching gifted ELLs (English Language Learners).

Teaching Word Families to English Language Learners

29. Teaching Word Families to English Language Learners

In this lesson, you'll learn the definition of word families and gain insight into how to teach them to English language learners. You'll also have a chance to explore some examples of word families that can be used to enhance instruction.

Benefits of Inclusion for ESL Students

30. Benefits of Inclusion for ESL Students

The language barrier presents clear challenges to English as a second language (ESL) students in school. This lesson describes how an inclusion setting benefits ESL students in acquiring language, content knowledge and social skills.

Using the Think Aloud Strategy with ELL Students

31. Using the Think Aloud Strategy with ELL Students

In this lesson, you will learn about using the think aloud strategy with your English language learner (ELL) students. The lesson will cover benefits of the strategy as well as different methods for incorporating it into your classroom.

Differences Between ELL & LEP Students

32. Differences Between ELL & LEP Students

As a teacher of English as a Second Language, you probably have noticed that people use ELL and LEP interchangeably despite the differences between the two terms. This lesson analyzes the distinction between these terms.

Limited English Proficiency (LEP) Students: Definition & Characteristics

33. Limited English Proficiency (LEP) Students: Definition & Characteristics

In this lesson, you'll learn about the definition of limited English proficiency (LEP) students. You'll also explore some of the common traits that can reveal if a student is considered limited English proficient.

Early & Late-Exit Bilingual Programs: Definition & Differences

34. Early & Late-Exit Bilingual Programs: Definition & Differences

This lesson presents a description of two transitional bilingual programs: early-exit and late-exit. Both programs' goals and approaches are described, followed by a summary of the two programs' differences.

Think-Pair-Share Teaching Strategy: Definition & Examples

35. Think-Pair-Share Teaching Strategy: Definition & Examples

Why go it alone when you can collaborate with others - learning doesn't have to be actualized in a vacuum. In this lesson, we'll learn about the think-pair-share teaching strategy and how to effectively use it in your classroom.

ESL Learning Styles Lesson Plan

36. ESL Learning Styles Lesson Plan

This lesson plan addresses how to get to know your ELL's learning styles. The lesson plan begins with a group activity and then goes into the students taking an individual learning style quiz. Analyzing data is also integrated into this lesson plan.

How to Write a Lesson Plan for ESL Students

37. How to Write a Lesson Plan for ESL Students

This lesson will show teachers how to create effective lesson plans for ESL students using various support strategies. These include writing clear lesson objectives, adding support materials, and considering which accommodations to provide.

How to Teach Idioms to ESL Students

38. How to Teach Idioms to ESL Students

An idiom is a form of figurative language that can be especially difficult for English as a second language (ESL) students. In this lesson, teachers will learn about teaching idioms to non-native English speakers.

ESL Animal Idioms Lesson Plan

39. ESL Animal Idioms Lesson Plan

This lesson plan will help ESL students learn about some frequently used idioms that contain references to animals. Students will listen to a read-aloud book, search reference materials for idioms, and act out an idiom.

How to Teach Conditionals to ESL Students

40. How to Teach Conditionals to ESL Students

Are your ESL students struggling with conditionals? You can use different ways to teach conditionals, such as focusing on the form or the meaning. This lesson explains these approaches and how to determine which is the most appropriate.

ESL Treasure Hunt Lesson Plan

41. ESL Treasure Hunt Lesson Plan

Through this lesson plan focusing on a treasure hunt, you can encourage your ESL learners to practice directional and number words, both orally and in writing, while following clues to find a hidden treasure in the classroom.

How to Use Visual Cues for ESL Students

42. How to Use Visual Cues for ESL Students

When used appropriately, visual cues can be a huge benefit for ESL (English as a Second Language) students. This lesson provides teachers with advice on how to effectively use visual cues in an ESL environment.

Strategies for Teaching Elementary ESL Students

43. Strategies for Teaching Elementary ESL Students

Teaching English as a Second Language (ESL) students can be extremely challenging, but also incredibly rewarding. This lesson outlines strategies teachers can apply to elementary ESL learners.

Picture-Based Activities for ELL Students

44. Picture-Based Activities for ELL Students

Using pictures in an ELL classroom can be a great way to teach and reinforce English vocabulary. This lesson outlines picture-based activities that can be used with ELL students of varying ages and abilities.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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