About This Chapter
Teaching Reading Comprehension & Fluency to Students with Special Needs - Chapter Summary
With this chapter, our instructors offer you recommendations and strategies concerning how to teach reading comprehension and fluency skills to special needs students. Among other concepts, you will learn about the following:
- The fundamentals of differentiated instruction and reading comprehension
- How to use research-based instructional strategies to best benefit students
- Psycholinguistic, whole-to-part, and reader-based instructional approaches
- Factors that influence reading comprehension
- Guides for teaching reading comprehension and fluency with cognitive skills and notation strategies
- Circumstances that impact reading fluency
- Reading fluency improvement strategies
- IEP goals and reading comprehension
Although teaching about reading comprehension and fluency covers a lot of information, our instructors have found a way to go over these concepts in a way that meets your needs. For instance, the chapter has been separated into a multitude of short and manageable lessons. Each lesson addresses a single main concept, giving you the time and ability to learn everything about that topic. You can go through all of the lessons in the chapter, or focus on only a handful of lessons, depending on your needs.
How It Helps
- Builds awareness: If you have not had much training with special needs students, our teaching resources can get you up to speed with an overview of current approaches concerning instructional methodology.
- Teaches new strategies: Even if you have been teaching students for many years, learning new strategies may help you better address classroom issues that have been problematic in the past.
- Increases student confidence: Students get frustrated if they can't accomplish classroom goals, which can lead to behavioral problems, but you may be able to use these strategies to help you figure out how to best reach your students.
At the end of this chapter, you should be prepared to:
- Describe differentiated instruction in relation to reading comprehension
- Understand research-based instructional strategies
- Identify three of the major instructional approaches to reading
- Analyze key factors that hinder and/or help reading comprehension
- Integrate different techniques for teaching reading comprehension
- Improve reading comprehension through teaching reading fluency
- Implement the different factors that impact reading fluency
- Define which strategies benefit students' reading fluency
- Create IEP goals for reading comprehension
1. Reading Comprehension & Differentiated Instruction
This lesson discusses identifying and applying differentiation strategies that address the needs of individual students. Our focus will be on reading comprehension, as well as the use of comprehension strategies.
2. Research-Based Instructional Strategies for Reading
When teachers use research-based instructional strategies, students have the best chance to learn to read or improve their reading skills. Effective instructional strategies will include the key areas of word knowledge and comprehension.
3. Whole-to-Part, Reader-Based & Psycholinguistic Instructional Approaches
In this lesson, we'll examine how to teach reading using whole-to-part strategies, including what psycholinguistics says about the ways words differ from each other.
4. What Factors Help & Hinder Reading Comprehension?
Being able to understand what we read is center to a solid reading program. What kinds of things help or hinder us from comprehending? This lesson will explain these factors and help you understand how they impact reading development.
5. How to Teach Reading Comprehension
Teaching reading comprehension requires instilling in the learner the use of several strategies and skills. This lesson will focus on cognitive skills and notation strategies that will enhance reading comprehension.
6. Teaching Reading Fluency to Improve Reading Comprehension
Fluency is one of the key pillars of good reading instruction. This lesson will give you some ideas about teaching fluency and explain how fluency enhances reading comprehension.
7. Factors That Influence Reading Fluency
Many things go into making a good reader, from word recognition to fluency. How does fluency factor in? This lesson defines and outlines the components of a fluent reader and shows how fluency changes in different situations.
8. Strategies for Improving Students' Reading Fluency
Learning to read includes more than just decoding words. Students need to build fluency to be solid readers. How can teachers help? This lesson outlines several strategies to help students improve fluency in reading.
9. Sample Reading Comprehension IEP Goals
This lesson will teach you how to write reading comprehension goals for individualized education programs (IEPs). The lesson includes several examples, a breakdown of required components, and a goal writing checklist.
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Other chapters within the Teaching Literacy to Students with Special Needs course
- Oral Language Development in Early Childhood
- Fluency & Reading Development
- Writing Development
- Resources for Literacy Curriculum Planning
- Reading Assessment Techniques
- Responsive Instructional Strategies for Literacy
- Supporting Literacy for Young Children with Special Needs
- Developing Word Analysis Skills for Emergent Readers
- Teaching Writing to Students with Special Needs
- Teaching Speaking & Listening to Students with Special Needs
- Accommodations & Technology for Literacy Instruction
- Promoting Listening & Speaking Skills in Early Childhood