About This Chapter
Temperature - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Explore the various factors that determine daily temperatures through this chapter. By watching the video lessons here, you'll learn about various units used to measure temperature and how to convert between them. You'll also examine temperature patterns by seasons. At the end of this chapter, you should be able to:
- Explain how warm and cold ocean currents can influence Earth's temperature.
- Discuss patterns of daytime heating and nighttime cooling.
- Differentiate between Fahrenheit and Celsius.
- Identify Earth's atmospheric layers based on temperature.
- Interpret results from a thermodynamic diagram.
|Factors that Influence Earth's Temperature||Discuss factors that influence temperature, including latitude, altitude and elevation, atmospheric circulation patterns, contrasts between land and water, and local conditions.|
|Daily and Annual Temperature Patterns||Discuss daily and annual temperature patterns. Learn about the effects of cloud cover and wind.|
|How to Measure Temperature & Convert Units of Temperature||Introduce the concept of measuring temperature, including discussion on use of a thermometer. Learn to convert between different units of temperature.|
|Temperature Units: Converting Between Kelvin and Celsius||Define temperature and learn to convert between Celsius and Kelvin.|
|Calculating the Means & Ranges of Earth's Temperature||Explain how to compute the temperature mean and median, as well as quartiles, climate variation and ranges.|
|Thermodynamic Diagrams and Vertical Temperature Profiles||Introduce Earth's general atmospheric temperature profile, and explain how to plot data points on a thermodynamic diagram.|
|Temperature Patterns by Seasons and Climates||Explain how to associate climate conditions and seasons with Celsius temperature ranges.|
1. Temperature Units: Converting Between Kelvin and Celsius
Describing the weather sounds different in different countries and to scientists, who use both the Kelvin scale and the Celsius scale to measure temperature in different units. Learn how temperature is measured differently above absolute zero and how to convert between the Fahrenheit scale, Celsius scale, and Kelvin scale.
2. Factors that Influence Earth's Temperature
Earth's temperature is influenced by factors including latitude, altitude, elevation, atmospheric circulation patters, land, water, and warm and cold ocean currents. Explore how each of these factors impacts the amount of heat energy on Earth.
3. Daily & Annual Temperature Patterns
Earth has the ideal temperature to sustain life due to possessing factors that are 'just right' from daily and annual temperature patterns. Explore the patterns that make Earth just right, influenced by daytime heating, nighttime cooling, cloud cover, wind, and many other factors.
4. Measuring Temperature & Converting Units of Temperature
Understanding temperature is important in daily interactions like choosing weather-appropriate attire or knowing how hot or cold something is. Explore how temperature is measured, how a thermometer works, and how to convert temperature from Fahrenheit to Celsius to Kelvin.
5. Mean, Median, Quartile, Range & Climate Variation of Temperature
Climate variation of temperature describes the fluctuations that occur above or below the average temperature over time. Learn about climate variation of temperature by reviewing calculations of mean, median, quartile, and range.
6. Earth's Atmospheric Temperature Profile & Thermodynamic Diagrams
The Earth's Atmospheric Temperature Profile describes the characteristics in temperature, composition, density and movement of atmospheric layers. See how thermodynamic diagrams describe atmospheric layers and how their measurements are plotted.
7. Temperature Ranges by Seasons and Climates
The changes in seasons and climates are the major factors that affect the temperature ranges of a region. Learn about temperature ranges, review the definition of climate, and explore different climates such as the tundra, arid, tropical, and temperate climates.
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