About This Chapter
Terminology for the Gastrointestinal System - Chapter Summary
Work through this medical terminology chapter to review the structures and functions of the human gastrointestinal system. Taught by subject matter experts, these study resources offer simple definitions of important gastrointestinal terms, as well as self-assessment quizzes to help you retain your knowledge. You can also reach out to our instructors if you have any questions and access the chapter on any computer or mobile device. Upon completion of the chapter, you should be able to:
- Identify the main structures of the mouth, esophagus and stomach
- Outline the parts of the lower gastrointestinal tract and the digestive system's accessory organs
- Define digestion terminology and understand digestive functions
1. Major Structures of the Mouth, Esophagus & Stomach
Digestion starts in the mouth as food is chewed and mixed with saliva. Once food is softened, it's swallowed and on its way through the digestive tract. Learn the structures of the upper digestive tract, including the mouth, esophagus, and stomach.
2. Digestive System II: The Lower Gastrointestinal Tract
The lower gastrointestinal tract is the part of the digestive system that is responsible for the last part of food digestion and the expulsion of waste from the body. In this lesson, we'll look at each part of the system and what functions each serves in the process of digestion.
3. Accessory Organs of the Digestive System
Your pancreas, liver and gallbladder are accessory organs that help with the chemical digestion of food. Learn about the enzymes and other chemicals produced and stored in these organs as well as how they help you break down the foods you eat.
4. Important Functions of Digestion & Related Terminology
Have you ever experienced borborygmus? What about peristalis? This lesson will let you know; it's filled with terminology related to the functions of digestion!
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Other chapters within the Health 103: Medical Terminology course
- Overview of Medical Terminology
- Suffixes, Prefixes & Roots in Medical Terminology
- Terms for Direction, Planes & Regions of the Body
- Pathology Overview & Vocabulary
- Vocabulary for Genetics, Cells & Tissues
- Terminology for the Lymphatic & Immune Systems
- Medical Terms for the Skeletal System
- Terminology & Functions of the Muscular System
- Terminology for the Cardiovascular System
- Medical Terms for the Respiratory System, Diseases & Treatments
- Terms for GI Tract Pathology, Diagnosis & Treatment
- Medical Terminology for the Urinary System
- Medical Terminology for the Nervous System
- Terms for Nervous System-Related Conditions & Treatment
- Medical Terminology Related to the Eyes
- Medical Terms Related to the Ears
- Medical Terms for the Integumentary System
- Medical Terms for the Endocrine System
- Medical Terminology for the Reproductive Systems
- Medical Terms for Diagnostic Exams
- Medical Terms for Radiology, Pharmacology & Oncology