Ch 15: Terms for Nervous System-Related Conditions & Treatment

About This Chapter

Use this convenient medical terminology study resource to review nervous system-related conditions and treatment terms. You can study whenever it's convenient and use the lessons to prepare for upcoming exams, improve your grades, get ahead in class or simply refresh your medical term knowledge.

Terms for Nervous System-Related Conditions & Treatment - Chapter Summary

Take a look at these bite-sized and engaging medical terminology lessons to review nervous system condition and treatment vocabulary. Inside the chapter, you'll find clear definitions of nervous system medical terms, as well as memorable explanations of related diagnostics, procedures and pathologies. Our expert instructors are available to assist you if you have any questions and you can take the accompanying self-assessment quizzes to check your understanding of the definitions you've studied. By the end of the chapter, you should be able to:

  • Evaluate terms related to meninges and head pathologies
  • Identify vocabulary words regarding strokes, brain disorders and brain injuries
  • Recognize terms associated with the different levels of consciousness
  • Name conditions that affect the spinal cord and nerves
  • Understand abnormal sensation terms
  • Break down medical terms regarding anesthesia, hypnotics and sedatives
  • Define terms related to brain and nerve procedures, mental disorder medications and neurological condition diagnostics
  • Recognize medical abbreviations for the nervous system

14 Lessons in Chapter 15: Terms for Nervous System-Related Conditions & Treatment
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Terms for Pathologies of the Meninges & Head

1. Terms for Pathologies of the Meninges & Head

This lesson will define several different pathologies related to the head and the meninges. These include cephalgia, migraine headaches, cluster headaches, meningitis, hydrocephalus, meningocele, and encephalocele.

Terminology for Brain-Related Disorders

2. Terminology for Brain-Related Disorders

This lesson defines some important and famous disorders related to the brain. We will look at Parkinson's, multiple sclerosis, encephalitis, dementia, Alzheimer's, and Reye's syndrome.

Medical Terminology for Brain Injuries

3. Medical Terminology for Brain Injuries

This lesson defines several different kinds of brain injuries: concussions, cerebral contusions, intracranial hematomas, coup-contrecoup, and shaken-baby syndrome.

Terminology for the Levels of Consciousness

4. Terminology for the Levels of Consciousness

This lesson will go over several different levels of consciousness and define these terms: consciousness, unconsciousness, confusion, delirium, lethargy, obtundation, syncope, stupor, coma and persistent vegetative state.

Medical Terminology Related to Strokes

5. Medical Terminology Related to Strokes

This lesson will go over some terminology related to stroke: transient ischemic attack, cerebrovascular accident, ischemic stroke, hemorrhagic stroke, aphasia, and aneurysm.

Vocabulary of Spinal Cord Conditions

6. Vocabulary of Spinal Cord Conditions

This lesson will define terminology associated with medical conditions that affect the spinal cord and nearby structures: myelitis, myelosis, poliomyelitis, multiple sclerosis, radiculitis, and cervical and lumbar radiculopathy.

Terms for Conditions Affecting the Nerves

7. Terms for Conditions Affecting the Nerves

This lesson discusses several different conditions that affect nerve cells and nerves in general. These include amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Guillain-Barre syndrome, tetatanus, sciatica, trigeminal neuralgia, and Bell's palsy.

Medical Terminology for Abnormal Sensations

8. Medical Terminology for Abnormal Sensations

This lesson defines several terms for and conditions related to abnormal sensations: causalgia, hyperesthesia, paresthesia, restless legs syndrome, peripheral neuropathy, and complex regional pain syndrome.

Terminology for Sedatives, Hypnotics & Anesthesia

9. Terminology for Sedatives, Hypnotics & Anesthesia

This lesson goes over some of the terminology related to medications used in the management of the nervous system: sedatives, hypnotics, anesthetics, and anticonvulsants, as well as some examples of each. Take the test after watching the video to see if you remember the terms.

Terminology for Procedures Related to the Brain and Nerves

10. Terminology for Procedures Related to the Brain and Nerves

In this lesson, we'll cover a few terms related to surgical procedures of the brain and nerves. Lobectomy, thalamotomy, neuroplasty, neurotomy and neurorrhaphy.

Terminology for Medications That Help Treat Mental Disorders

11. Terminology for Medications That Help Treat Mental Disorders

Like any other disease or disorder anywhere in the body, mental disorders need to be treated for the good of the patient. Here, we will define some of the general medications used to treat mental disorders.

Vocabulary for Diagnosing Neurological Conditions

12. Vocabulary for Diagnosing Neurological Conditions

We will look at several diagnostic tests that are available to determine the presence of neurological conditions. This lesson will cover what can be determined with each test.

Medical Abbreviations Related to the Nervous System A-M

13. Medical Abbreviations Related to the Nervous System A-M

This lesson will go over some common and important abbreviations related to the nervous system that you should be aware of: AD, ALS, ADHD, CP, CSF, ECG, EPAN, ICP, LOC, and MS.

Medical Abbreviations Related to the Nervous System N-Z

14. Medical Abbreviations Related to the Nervous System N-Z

This lesson covers some important and well-known medical abbreviations pertaining to the nervous system, starting with the letters N-Z: RLS, OCD, SAD, RS, PD, PTSD, and TIA. Afterward, check your memorization with a quiz.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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