About This Chapter
TExES Math 4-8: Mathematical Processes & Perspectives - Chapter Summary
These lessons help you review key processes and perspectives involving the use of critical thinking, reasoning and logic in math. The videos cover the following topics to help you prepare for the TExES Math 4-8 exam:
- Critical thinking and logic in math
- Propositions and logical math connectors
- Conditional statements and proofs
- Inductive, deductive and connective reasoning in math
- Polya's four-step problem-solving process
- Mathematical principles for problem solving
- Converse, inverse, contrapositive and counterexample reasoning
Let our highly-qualified instructors guide you through each topic in order to prepare you for the exam. You can jump to specific video sections using our convenient video tags. Follow along with text transcripts or use them for an alternative method of review.
TExES Math 4-8: Mathematical Processes & Perspectives - Chapter Objectives
The TExES Math 4-8 exam evaluates your knowledge and competency in teaching mathematics concepts and strategies in order to determine your readiness for middle grades licensing according to Texas state standards. The topics in this chapter are part of the Mathematical Processes and Perspectives domain (10% of the overall exam).
The assessment quizzes that accompany each lesson test your understanding of these crucial concepts, while also familiarizing you with the types of questions you'll actually see on the exam. All of the 90 questions on the exam are multiple-choice, administered either by computer or on paper.
1. Critical Thinking and Logic in Mathematics
Logic has its own unique language and way of defining what is true and false. Watch this video lesson to learn how you can critically think in the language of logic while working with math.
2. Propositions, Truth Values and Truth Tables
Watch this video lesson and learn what truth values are and what a truth table looks like. Learn how to go from a proposition to its negation and how that affects the truth values and the truth tables.
3. Logical Math Connectors: Conjunctions and Disjunctions
Watch this video lesson to learn how to identify conjunctions and disjunctions. Also learn the connectors that are used with each. Learn how you can use them to make statements.
4. Conditional Statements in Math
Sometimes, what is true in the mathematical world of logic is false in the real world. Check out this lesson to learn how to identify conditional statements and how you can differentiate between what is logically true and what is true in reality.
5. Logic Laws: Converse, Inverse, Contrapositive & Counterexample
Logical statements can be useful, but only if we are able to determine their validity. In this lesson, we'll look at the various forms of a logical statement and see how they relate to each other.
6. Reasoning in Mathematics: Inductive and Deductive Reasoning
Many people think that deductive and inductive reasoning are the same thing. It is assumed these words are synonymous. They are not. This lesson reveals the reality of these two types of reasoning.
7. Reasoning in Mathematics: Connective Reasoning
Connective reasoning is reasoning that has an operation, or a way to connect two phrases. The five main logic connectives will be reviewed in this lesson.
8. Direct Proofs: Definition and Applications
In math, we can't explain that something is true just because. That's not enough. In this lesson, we'll learn to prove things using one of our most straightforward tools, the direct proof.
9. Polya's Four-Step Problem-Solving Process
Problem solving can be a problem. Any problem is solved easier with an action plan. Polya's 4-Step Problem-Solving Process is discussed in this lesson to help students develop an action plan for addressing problems.
10. Mathematical Principles for Problem Solving
Solving problems is not just a simple, straightforward process. There are a few principles that can help you as you approach any problem solving scenarios. This lesson covers those principles with examples.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the TExES Mathematics 4-8 Exam (115): Study Guide & Review course
- About the TExES Math 4-8 Exam
- TExES Math 4-8: Basic Arithmetic
- TExES Math 4-8: Number Theories & Computation Strategies
- TExES Math 4-8: Math Expressions & Formulas
- TExES Math 4-8: Decimals
- TExES Math 4-8: Fractions
- TExES Math 4-8: Percent Notation
- TExES Math 4-8: Calculations, Ratios & Proportions
- TExES Math 4-8: Real Numbers
- TExES Math 4-8: Sequences & Series
- TExES Math 4-8: Exponents & Exponential Expressions
- TExES Math 4-8: Exponentials & Logarithms
- TExES Math 4-8: Radical Expressions
- TExES Math 4-8: Algebraic Expressions & Equations
- TExES Math 4-8: Functions
- TExES Math 4-8: Trigonometric Functions & Graphs
- TExES Math 4-8: Graphing Piecewise Functions
- TExES Math 4-8: Absolute Value Equations
- TExES Math 4-8: Solving & Graphing Inequalities
- TExES Math 4-8: Imaginary & Complex Numbers
- TExES Math 4-8: Linear Equations
- TExES Math 4-8: Quadratic Equations
- TExES Math 4-8: Measurement & the Metric System
- TExES Math 4-8: Properties of Geometric Shapes
- TExES Math 4-8: Triangles, Theorems & Proofs
- TExES Math 4-8: Three-Dimensional Geometric Figures
- TExES Math 4-6: The Coordinate System
- TExES Math 4-8: Basic Geometric Constructions
- TExES Math 4-8: Summarizing Data
- TExES Math 4-8: Organizing & Displaying Data
- TExES Math 4-8: Mathematical Probability
- TExES Math 4-8: Mathematical Learning & Instruction
- TExES Math 4-8: Mathematical Assessments
- TExES Mathematics 4-8 Flashcards