About This Chapter
TExES Physical Science 6-12: Scientific Research & Processes - Chapter Summary
Use the lessons in this chapter to develop a deeper understanding of or learn new facts about scientific research methods, science learning activities and general science concepts. Topics addressed in these lessons include the steps and terms involved in the scientific method and experimental design in science. Successful review of this material can lead to demonstration of the following and preparation for answering these types of questions on the TExES Physical Science 6-12 exam:
- Differentiate between qualitative and quantitative data in various research methods
- Interpret charts, tables and graphs of scientific data
- Outline significant figures and scientific notation
- Assess the quality of a research study
- Apply ethics to scientific investigations
- Discuss law, theory and hypothesis in science
- Use technology to communicate, model and gather scientific data
Instructors guide you through definitions and illustrated examples to efficiently prepare you for the TExES Physical Science 6-12 exam. Self-assessment quizzes accompanying each lesson provide you with the opportunity to gauge what you have learned using the same multiple-choice format found on the actual test.
1. What is Scientific Research?
This lesson will discuss important components of scientific research, including the scientific method, peer review, statistical significance, and more!
2. The Scientific Method: Steps, Terms & Examples
The scientific method is more than just hypotheses and experiments. In this lesson, we'll explore the themes and variations that make up the world of science.
3. Experimental Design in Science: Definition & Method
What are the requirements of a scientific experiment? How do scientists turn hypotheses into theories and laws? Learn the answers to these questions and more in this lesson on the design of scientific experiments.
4. Hypothesis, Theory & Law in Science
In this lesson, learn how to define hypothesis, theory, and law in science. Then, discover the ways that these ideas are related to each other and how they help us to explain the universe around us.
5. Qualitative vs. Quantitative Data in Various Research Methods
Qualitative data and quantitative data are both useful in research, but it is important to understand the differences between the two. Learn how to differentiate the two types of data in this lesson.
6. Interpreting Graphs and Charts of Scientific Data: Practice Problems
Do charts and graphs make problem-solving difficult? Complex problems with visual representations can drain your brain during a test. In this lesson, learn three simple rules for solving problems with charts and graphs. We'll try them out as we walk through two sample problems.
7. Interpreting Tables of Scientific Data: Practice Problems
Complex table problems getting you down? Multi-question, situational problems don't have to be a drag on your testing performance. Learn how to apply three simple rules as we walk through two table problems together.
8. Using Technology to Gather, Communicate & Model Scientific Data
In this lesson, we discuss how technology can be used to gather, interpret and present scientific data. Specifically, we discuss the use of computers and graphing calculators, probes, and simulations.
9. Significant Figures and Scientific Notation
Are 7.5 grams and 7.50 grams the same? How do scientists represent very large and very small quantities? Find out the answers to these questions in this video.
10. Validity and Reliability: How to Assess the Quality of a Research Study
Many psychologists and teachers complete research studies. How can you tell if a study was done well? This lesson will cover many criteria for a good quality study, including types of reliability and validity.
11. Applying Ethics to Scientific Investigations
In this lesson we will learn about ethics in science. We will look at why ethics is important and consider a few examples of how scientists need to act ethically in their experiments.
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Other chapters within the TExES Physical Science 6-12 (237): Practice & Study Guide course
- TExES Physical Science 6-12: Overview of Physical Science
- TExES Physical Science 6-12: Laboratory Equipment
- TExES Physical Science 6-12: Scientific Systems
- TExES Physical Science 6-12: Scientific Models
- TExES Physical Science 6-12: Basics of Motion
- TExES Physical Science 6-12: Fluid Mechanics
- TExES Physical Science 6-12: Newton's Laws of Motion
- TExES Physical Science 6-12: Laws of Gravitation
- TExES Physical Science 6-12: Electrical Forces & Fields
- TExES Physical Science 6-12: Electricity & Magnetism
- TExES Physical Science 6-12: Electromagnetic Potential & Capacitance
- TExES Physical Science 6-12: Work, Energy & Power
- TExES Physical Science 6-12: Linear & Angular Momentum
- TExES Physical Science 6-12: Heat, Energy & Thermodynamics
- TExES Physical Science 6-12: Optics & Waves
- TExES Physical Science 6-12: Quantum Physics
- TExES Physical Science 6-12: Basics of Matter
- TExES Physical Science 6-12: Atomic Structure
- TExES Physical Science 6-12: The Periodic Table
- TExES Physical Science 6-12: Properties of Gases
- TExES Physical Science 6-12: Ionic & Covalent Bonds
- TExES Physical Science 6-12: Chemical Equations & Reactions
- TExES Physical Science 6-12: Chemical Reaction Equilibrium
- TExES Physical Science 6-12: Properties of Solutions
- TExES Physical Science 6-12: Energy Transformations
- TExES Physical Science 6-12: Radioactivity
- TExES Physical Science 6-12: Oxidation & Reduction Reactions
- TExES Physical Science 6-12: Acids & Bases in Chemistry
- TExES Physical Science 6-12: Teaching & Learning Science
- TExES Physical Science 6-12 Flashcards