# Ch 2: TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Basic Arithmetic

### About This Chapter

## TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Basic Arithmetic - Chapter Summary

Watch the lessons in this chapter to review math operations, properties and terms to be sure you are ready for TExES Physics/Math 7-12 test. The following topics will be covered in this chapter:

- Examining binary and non-binary operations
- Steps to perform addition, subtraction, multiplication and division
- The order of operations
- Defining commutative and associative properties
- Finding the greatest common factor and the least common multiple
- Rules of parentheses in math problems
- Defining vocabulary terms used in algebra

Our video lessons offer an efficient and fun way to refresh your knowledge of basic arithmetic. Each video is less than 10 minutes long. Use video tags to jump to main points within the video. Read transcripts of each lesson as an alternative learning resource.

### TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Basic Arithmetic Chapter Objectives

The TExES Physics/Math 7-12 test is required by the state of Texas for educators seeking their license to teach those subjects to 7th through 12th graders. The test consists of 120 multiple-choice questions. Questions are either in a single question or a cluster question format. Cluster questions require answering a series of questions about a reading passage, chart or table. Basic arithmetic questions are asked in the number concepts domain, which makes up about 7% of the exam. Take our self-assessment quizzes or chapter exam to practice answering multiple-choice questions on basic arithmetic for the actual test.

The TExES Physics/Math 7-12 test is 5 hours long and is administered in a computer-based format.

### 1. What Is a Number Line?

A number line is a visual representation of all real numbers. In this lesson, we'll learn how to identify points on a number line. We'll also practice addition and subtraction, letting the number line do all the hard work.

### 2. Binary and Non-Binary Operations

Binary and non-binary are two terms that might really scare you, much like an operation may scare you. But don't worry, this lesson is super fun and super easy. You'll learn the definitions of these terms and see examples of each.

### 3. How to Perform Addition: Steps & Examples

Addition is one of the basic operations of math. You can say that the whole of mathematics is based on addition. Without addition, we wouldn't have higher math. Watch this video to learn how to add.

### 4. How to Perform Subtraction: Steps & Examples

Subtraction is one of the basic operations in math. Watch this video lesson to learn how you can view and understand subtraction so that you can easily perform it.

### 5. How to Perform Multiplication: Steps & Examples

Multiplication, one of the basic operations of math, is important not just in elementary math but also in higher math. Watch this video lesson to learn how you can multiply with ease.

### 6. How to Multiply Large Numbers: Steps and Examples

After watching this video lesson you will be able to multiply any two numbers together. You will learn how to use your knowledge of multiplying smaller numbers together to multiply larger numbers with ease.

### 7. How to Perform Division: Steps & Examples

Watch this video lesson to learn how you can divide. Division is one of the basic operations of math. It is one of the fundamental operations that all higher mathematics depends upon.

### 8. Performing Long Division with Large Numbers: Steps and Examples

After watching this video lesson, you will be able to divide larger numbers. You'll learn an easy to follow procedure that you can use to divide any two numbers.

### 9. What Is The Order of Operations in Math? - Definition & Examples

The order of operations is the steps used to simplify any mathematical expression. In this video, learn how to solve problems using these steps and easy tricks to remember them.

### 10. Arithmetic Calculations with Signed Numbers

Signed numbers are often referred to as integers. Integers include both positive and negative numbers. In this lesson, you will learn how to add, subtract, multiply, and divide integers.

### 11. The Commutative Property: Definition and Examples

There are three major properties that deal with the addition and multiplication of numbers. One of those properties is the commutative property. This lesson will define and give examples of the commutative property and how it works.

### 12. The Associative Property: Definition and Examples

There are three basic number properties that help to form the backbone of algebra. One of those properties is the associative property. This lesson will define the associative property and give some examples of how it works.

### 13. The Multiplication Property of Zero: Definition & Examples

The number zero has different rules than other numbers; it behaves according to it's own unique properties. This lesson will define the multiplication property of zero and give some examples of how it works.

### 14. How to Find the Greatest Common Factor

If the factors of a number are the different numbers that you can multiply together to get that original number, then the greatest common factor of two numbers is just the biggest one that both have in common. See some examples of what I'm talking about here!

### 15. How to Find the Least Common Multiple

The least common multiple of two numbers is the smallest number that can be divided evenly by your two original numbers. See some examples of what I'm talking about here!

### 16. Parentheses in Math: Rules & Examples

Watch this video lesson to learn how parentheses are used in math. Learn how to read them as multiplication and how they let you know which numbers to work with first.

### 17. Algebra Vocabulary Terms

Watch this video lesson to learn about some basic vocabulary words that you will come across again and again in the course of your studies in algebra. After you finish this video, you should know and be able to identify each term.

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### Other Chapters

Other chapters within the TExES Physics/Mathematics 7-12 (243): Practice & Study Guide course

- TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Teaching Math & Science
- TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Real Numbers
- TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Decimals & Fractions
- TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Ratios, Percent & Proportions
- TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Exponents & Exponential Expressions
- TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Algebraic Expressions & Equations
- TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Rational Expressions
- TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Radical Expressions
- TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Complex & Imaginary Numbers
- TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Number Theory
- TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Vector Operations
- TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Sequences & Series
- TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Functions
- TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Graphing & Functions
- TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Linear Equations
- TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Quadratic Equations
- TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Graphing & Factoring Quadratic Equations
- TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Matrices & Determinants
- TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Polynomials
- TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Exponential & Logarithmic Functions
- TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Trigonometry
- TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Continuity in Calculus
- TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Limits in Calculus
- TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Derivatives & Differentiation in Calculus
- TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Foundations of Geometry
- TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Geometry and Measurement
- TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Geometric Figures
- TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Parallel Lines & Polygons
- TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Properties of Triangles
- TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Geometric Solids
- TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Analytical Geometry
- TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Similar Polygons
- TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Conic Sections
- TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Circular Arcs & Circles
- TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Triangle Theorems & Proofs
- TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Statistics
- TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Probability
- TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Discrete Probability Distributions
- TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Continuous Probability Distributions
- TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Statistical Inference
- TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Mathematical Reasoning
- TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Applied Math
- TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Scientific Inquiry & Process
- TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Vectors & Scalars
- TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Kinematics
- TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Motion
- TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Fluid Mechanics
- TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Linear Momentum
- TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Work, Energy & Power
- TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Laws of Gravitation
- TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Oscillations
- TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Rotational Motion & Conservation of Energy
- TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Heat & Energy
- TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Thermodynamics
- TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Electrical Forces & Fields
- TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Potential & Capacitance
- TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Current Circuits
- TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Magnetism
- TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Waves, Sound & Light
- TExES Physics/Math 7-12: Quantum Physics
- TExES Physics/Mathematics 7-12 Flashcards