Ch 24: TExES Science 7-12: Acid-Base Chemistry

About This Chapter

Let us assist you in preparing for chemistry questions on the TExES Science 7-12 exam by taking a look at acids and bases and how they are used in chemistry experiments.

TExES Science 7-12: Acid-Base Chemistry - Chapter Summary

The lessons in this chapter can help you brush up on your understanding of what acids and bases are, the pH scale and neutralization, and precipitation reactions. After completing this chapter, you will be able to:

  • Share the Arrhenius and Bronsted-Lowry and Lewis definitions of acids and bases
  • Explain solutions and buffers on the pH scale
  • Identify anhydrides of acids and bases
  • Detail bonding of coordinated compounds
  • Summarize acid-base equilibrium
  • Calculate the pH of buffered solutions
  • Define titration curves and calculations
  • Discuss weak acids, weak bases and buffers

The lessons in this chapter have been designed by professional educators to help you easily absorb and retain the information. Each lesson contains a video to visually exhibit the material. The video's transcript is also included as a great resource for taking notes. You can take a self-assessment quiz at the end of each lesson to apply what you've studied and see how questions may appear on the exam.

12 Lessons in Chapter 24: TExES Science 7-12: Acid-Base Chemistry
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Acids and Bases

1. Acids and Bases

Have you ever wondered how we measure the acidity of liquids? Check out this lesson to see how acids and bases are measured on a pH scale and how they relate to neutral solutions, such as water.

The Arrhenius Definition of Acids and Bases

2. The Arrhenius Definition of Acids and Bases

In this lesson, you will learn the definition of Arrhenius acids and bases, discover some of their chemical properties and learn some examples. You will also learn about the difference between strong and weak Arrhenius acids and bases.

The Bronsted-Lowry and Lewis Definition of Acids and Bases

3. The Bronsted-Lowry and Lewis Definition of Acids and Bases

Learn the Bronsted-Lowry and Lewis definitions of an acid and base. Discover how these theories differ from each other and from the Arrhenius theory of an acid and base. Learn how to identify an acid in terms of proton donation and a base as a proton acceptor, and explain what a conjugate acid or base is.

Weak Acids, Weak Bases, and Buffers

4. Weak Acids, Weak Bases, and Buffers

This lesson covers both strong and weak acids and bases, using human blood as an example for the discussion. Other concepts discussed included conjugate acids and bases, the acidity constant, and buffer systems within the blood.

Neutralization Reaction: Definition, Equation & Examples

5. Neutralization Reaction: Definition, Equation & Examples

Have you ever had a burning feeling in your stomach after eating too much spicy food? This is due to a buildup of stomach acid and can be relieved by taking an antacid. This causes a neutralization reaction, which is what we will cover in this lesson.

The pH Scale, Solutions & Buffers

6. The pH Scale, Solutions & Buffers

What do lemons, drain cleaner and blood have in common? They are either acids or bases. This lesson will explore acids and bases, giving examples and definitions. It will also explain how to calculate the pH and the pOH, and will define buffers.

Acid & Base Anhydrides: Definition & Examples

7. Acid & Base Anhydrides: Definition & Examples

In this video lesson, you will learn the definition and the types of anhydrides that form acids and bases in water. You will also discover where you can commonly find anhydrides and why they are important. A short quiz will test your knowledge.

Coordination Chemistry: Bonding in Coordinated Compounds

8. Coordination Chemistry: Bonding in Coordinated Compounds

Discover what a coordinated compound is. Understand how bonding occurs in coordinated compounds and some of the possible shapes coordinated compounds can be. Learn the uses in nature and industry for coordinated compounds.

Precipitation Reactions: Predicting Precipitates and Net Ionic Equations

9. Precipitation Reactions: Predicting Precipitates and Net Ionic Equations

Learn what a precipitate is and predict when it will form in an aqueous chemical reaction, usually a double-replacement reaction. Learn what an ionic equation is, how it differs from a net ionic equation and how to write a net ionic equation.

Acid-Base Equilibrium: Calculating the Ka or Kb of a Solution

10. Acid-Base Equilibrium: Calculating the Ka or Kb of a Solution

In this lesson, you will review acid and base strength and acid and base dissociation. You will then learn what acid and base dissociation constants (Ka and Kb) are, what they mean, and how to perform calculations involving them.

Acid-Base Buffers: Calculating the pH of a Buffered Solution

11. Acid-Base Buffers: Calculating the pH of a Buffered Solution

Learn what a buffer is, how it works, and why we benefit from having our blood buffered. Learn how to calculate the pH of a buffered solution before an acid or base is added and how the pH changes after an acid or base is added.

Titration: Overview, Curves & Calculations

12. Titration: Overview, Curves & Calculations

Titrations are useful to determine the molarity of a sample or a compound in a sample. We will learn how to perform a titration and how to calculate the molarity of a sample based on the titration.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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