# Ch 51: TExMaT Master Mathematics Teacher 8-12: Probability

### About This Chapter

## TExMaT Master Mathematics Teacher 8-12: Probability - Chapter Summary

The lessons in this chapter help reinforce what you know about the rules and formulas for calculating probability problems as you study for your TExMaT Master Mathematics Teacher 8-12 exam. Specific topics covered include:

- Events as subsets of a sample space
- Probability of complementary, simple and compound events
- Independent and dependent event probability
- Calculating simple conditional probabilities
- Relationship between conditional probabilities and independence
- Addition and multiplication rules of probability
- The fundamental counting principle
- Calculating a permutation and the probability of permutations

Our experienced math instructors provide informative lessons using an easy-going tone and engaging visuals to make studying fun. Lessons are short and can be watched anywhere, anytime on your laptop, smart phone or tablet. Lesson transcripts offer another quick way to review the materials discussed in the videos.

### TExMaT Master Mathematics Teacher 8-12: Probability Chapter Objectives

The state of Texas offers the TExMaT Master Mathematics Teacher 8-12 test to experienced math teachers seeking certification as a master teacher. The paper-based test consists of 90 multiple choice questions and 1 constructed response case study assignment. Test sessions last for 5 hours.

The test is organized into domains, or broad content areas. Probability questions are asked under the Probability and Statistics: Content, Instruction and Assessment domain, which accounts for 14% of the test. Use our multiple-choice chapter exam to prepare for probability questions on your certification test.

### 1. Events as Subsets of a Sample Space: Definition & Example

Probability can get very confusing at times. You will find that some words, such as events and subsets, are often referring to the same concept depending on the experiment. Use this lesson to understand the concept of events as subsets.

### 2. Probability of Simple, Compound and Complementary Events

Simple, compound, and complementary events are different types of probabilities. Each of these probabilities are calculated in a slightly different fashion. In this lesson, we will look at some real world examples of these different forms of probability.

### 3. Probability of Independent and Dependent Events

Sometimes probabilities need to be calculated when more than one event occurs. These types of compound events are called independent and dependent events. Through this lesson, we will look at some real-world examples of how to calculate these probabilities.

### 4. How to Calculate Simple Conditional Probabilities

Conditional probability, just like it sounds, is a probability that happens on the condition of a previous event occurring. To calculate conditional probabilities, we must first consider the effects of the previous event on the current event.

### 5. The Relationship Between Conditional Probabilities & Independence

Conditional and independent probabilities are a basic part of learning statistics. It's important that you can understand the similarities and differences between the two as discussed in this lesson.

### 6. The Addition Rule of Probability: Definition & Examples

In this lesson, you will learn the differences between mutually exclusive and non-mutually exclusive events and how to find the probabilities of each using the Addition Rule of Probability.

### 7. The Multiplication Rule of Probability: Definition & Examples

The Multiplication Rule of Probability is a concept you will use frequently when solving probability equations. In this lesson, learn the two different scenarios in which you will use the multiplication rule of probability.

### 8. How to Use the Fundamental Counting Principle

There are many situations in which you will have to make several decisions simultaneously. The fundamental counting principle will help you determine how many different possible outcomes there are when you have to make multiple simultaneous decisions.

### 9. Math Combinations: Formula and Example Problems

Combinations are an arrangement of objects where order does not matter. In this lesson, the coach of the Wildcats basketball team uses combinations to help his team prepare for the upcoming season.

### 10. How to Calculate a Permutation

A permutation is a method used to calculate the total outcomes of a situation where order is important. In this lesson, John will use permutations to help him organize the cards in his poker hand and order a pizza.

### 11. How to Calculate the Probability of Permutations

In this lesson, you will learn how to calculate the probability of a permutation by analyzing a real-world example in which the order of the events does matter. We'll also review what a factorial is. We will then go over some examples for practice.

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### Other Chapters

Other chapters within the TExMaT Master Mathematics Teacher 8-12 (089): Practice & Study Guide course

- TExMaT Master Mathematics Teacher 8-12: Properties of Real Numbers
- TExMaT Master Mathematics Teacher 8-12: Fractions
- TExMaT Master Mathematics Teacher 8-12: Decimals & Percents
- TExMaT Master Mathematics Teacher 8-12: Ratios & Proportions
- TExMaT Master Mathematics Teacher 8-12: Measurements & Conversions
- TExMaT Master Mathematics Teacher 8-12: Reasoning & Problem Solving
- TExMaT Master Mathematics Teacher 8-12: Vector Operations
- TExMaT Master Mathematics Teacher 8-12: Matrices & Determinants
- TExMaT Master Mathematics Teacher 8-12: Exponents & Exponential Expressions
- TExMaT Master Mathematics Teacher 8-12: Algebraic Expressions
- TExMaT Master Mathematics Teacher 8-12: Linear Equations
- TExMaT Master Mathematics Teacher 8-12: Inequalities
- TExMaT Master Mathematics Teacher 8-12: Absolute Value Problems
- TExMaT Master Mathematics Teacher 8-12: Quadratic Equations
- TExMaT Master Mathematics Teacher 8-12: Polynomials
- TExMaT Master Mathematics Teacher 8-12: Rational Expressions
- TExMaT Master Mathematics Teacher 8-12: Radical Expressions
- TExMaT Master Mathematics Teacher 8-12: Systems of Equations
- TExMaT Master Mathematics Teacher 8-12: Complex Numbers
- TExMaT Master Mathematics Teacher 8-12: Functions
- TExMaT Master Mathematics Teacher 8-12: Piecewise Functions
- TExMaT Master Mathematics Teacher 8-12: Parametric Equations
- TExMaT Master Mathematics Teacher 8-12: Exponential & Logarithmic Functions
- TExMaT Master Mathematics Teacher 8-12: Continuity of Functions
- TExMaT Master Mathematics Teacher 8-12: Limits
- TExMaT Master Mathematics Teacher 8-12: Rate of Change
- TExMaT Master Mathematics Teacher 8-12: Rules for Calculating Derivatives
- TExMaT Master Mathematics Teacher 8-12: Graphing Derivatives
- TExMaT Master Mathematics Teacher 8-12: Applications of Derivatives
- TExMaT Master Mathematics Teacher 8-12: Area Under the Curve & Integrals
- TExMaT Master Mathematics Teacher 8-12: Integration Techniques
- TExMaT Master Mathematics Teacher 8-12: Integration Applications
- TExMaT Master Mathematics Teacher 8-12: Foundations of Geometry
- TExMaT Master Mathematics Teacher 8-12: Geometric Figures
- TExMaT Master Mathematics Teacher 8-12: Properties of Triangles
- TExMaT Master Mathematics Teacher 8-12: Triangle Theorems & Proofs
- TExMaT Master Mathematics Teacher 8-12: Parallel Lines & Polygons
- TExMaT Master Mathematics Teacher 8-12: Quadrilaterals
- TExMaT Master Mathematics Teacher 8-12: Circular Arcs & Circles
- TExMaT Master Mathematics Teacher 8-12: Conic Sections
- TExMaT Master Mathematics Teacher 8-12: Geometric Solids
- TExMaT Master Mathematics Teacher 8-12: Analytical Geometry
- TExMaT Master Mathematics Teacher 8-12: Trigonometric Functions
- TExMaT Master Mathematics Teacher 8-12: Trigonometric Graphs
- TExMaT Master Mathematics Teacher 8-12: Solving Trigonometric Equations
- TExMaT Master Mathematics Teacher 8-12: Trigonometric Identities
- TExMaT Master Mathematics Teacher 8-12: Sequences & Series
- TExMaT Master Mathematics Teacher 8-12: Data & Statistics
- TExMaT Master Mathematics Teacher 8-12: Summarizing Data
- TExMaT Master Mathematics Teacher 8-12: Tables & Plots
- TExMaT Master Mathematics Teacher 8-12: Discrete Probability Distributions
- TExMaT Master Mathematics Teacher 8-12: Continuous Probability Distributions
- TExMaT Master Mathematics Teacher 8-12: Sampling
- TExMaT Master Mathematics Teacher 8-12: Hypothesis Testing
- TExMaT Master Mathematics Teacher 8-12: Regression & Correlation
- TExMaT Master Mathematics Teacher 8-12 Flashcards