About This Chapter
TExMaT Master Science Teacher 8-12: Biological Evolution - Chapter Summary
This chapter's video lessons explore the evolutionary process while providing examples of adaptation, population genetics and artificial selection. They also aim to improve your ability to solve science equations. While you get ready to take the TExMaT Master Science Teacher 8-12 examination, look to this chapter for assistance with:
- Understanding genetic variability and the different types of natural selection
- Describing various kinds of speciation
- Explaining the adaptation of the peppered moths and discussing the Hardy-Weinberg equation
- Discussing the punctuated equilibrium hypothesis
- Explaining and presenting evidence that supports the theory of evolution
- Providing details about mass extinction
Qualified instructors teach some of the topics you'll need to know to pass the TExMaT Master Science Teacher 8-12 examination. You may study at your own pace and take advantage of the opportunity to submit your questions on biological evolution. Review the topics that you don't recall and skip the subjects you've already mastered. Afterward, express your knowledge when you take the lesson quizzes and the practice chapter examination.
1. Evolution Theory, Evidence & Rates
This lesson will briefly introduce the theory of evolution, discuss a few pieces of evidence supporting the theory of evolution, and discuss the rates of evolution.
2. Forms & Patterns of Evolutionary Change
Since Charles Darwin introduced natural selection, scientists have come up with different ideas on how evolution proceeds, and how living things evolve over time. This lesson will focus on different patterns of evolution.
3. Natural Selection & Adaptation Processes
Through the process of adaptation, natural selection shapes the variety of life that exists around us. This lesson will explore some of the ways this process can take place.
4. Overview of Speciation Types & Barriers
Have you ever wondered how a new species arises? This lesson will examine speciation, or when a new species forms, as well as barriers that prevent separate species from mating.
5. Genetic Variability, Random Mutation & Artificial Selection
In this lesson we will discuss the importance of genetic variability and the role of random mutations. We will also compare the processes of natural and artificial selection.
6. What Is Extinction? - Defining Background and Mass Extinction
In this lesson you'll discover what the term 'extinction' means as well as learn the two different types of extinction: mass extinction and background extinction. You will also discover how humans contribute to extinction events.
7. Taxonomy: Classification and Naming of Living Things
The name you give to a living thing may be completely different than the name someone else uses. In science, we use a common naming system for all living things to avoid confusion. This lesson will explore the basics of our classification system.
8. Cladograms and Phylogenetic Trees: Evolution Classifications
Family trees help show how people are related to each other. Similarly, scientists use cladograms and phylogenetic trees to study the relationships between organisms.
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Other chapters within the TExMaT Master Science Teacher 8-12 (092): Practice & Study Guide course
- Nature of Science & Unifying Themes
- The History & Societal Contexts of Science
- Methods of Scientific Inquiry
- Managing Scientific Data
- TExMaT Master Science Teacher 8-12: Laboratory Equipment & Procedures
- TExMaT Master Science Teacher 8-12: Organization of Matter
- TExMaT Master Science Teacher 8-12: States of Matter
- TExMaT Master Science Teacher 8-12: Chemical Reactions Basics
- TExMaT Master Science Teacher 8-12: Types of Chemical Reactions
- TExMaT Master Science Teacher 8-12: The Periodic Table
- TExMaT Master Science Teacher 8-12: Newton's Laws & Gravity
- TExMaT Master Science Teacher 8-12: Physics Dimensions of Motion
- TExMaT Master Science Teacher 8-12: Analyzing Forces
- Energy Transformations & Thermodynamics
- Electrical Nature & Magnetism
- TExMaT Master Science Teacher 8-12: Waves, Optics & Sound
- TExMaT Master Science Teacher 8-12: Cell Structure & Function
- TExMaT Master Science Teacher 8-12: Cell Reproduction & Division
- TExMaT Master Science Teacher 8-12: Biochemistry of Life
- TExMaT Master Science Teacher 8-12: Introduction to Organic Chemistry
- TExMaT Master Science Teacher 8-12: Nucleic Acids
- Homeostasis & Health Maintenance
- TExMaT Master Science Teacher 8-12: Reproduction & Development
- TExMaT Master Science Teacher 8-12: Genetics & Heredity
- TExMaT Master Science Teacher 8-12: Ecosystems & Biomes
- TExMaT Master Science Teacher 8-12: Minerals, Rocks & Soil
- TExMaT Master Science Teacher 8-12: Renewable Resources
- TExMaT Master Science Teacher 8-12: Nonrenewable Resources
- Earth's Formation & Processes
- Overview of the Hydrosphere
- Earth's Atmosphere, Weather & Climate
- TExMaT Master Science Teacher 8-12: Plate Tectonics
- TExMat Master Science Teacher 8-12: The Solar System & Universe
- Alignment of Texas Science Instruction for High Schoolers
- Teaching Strategies for High School Science
- The Science Learning & Teaching Environment
- Using Different Types of Student Assessments
- Leadership, Communication & Collaboration in Science Education
- Mentoring & Professional Development for Texas Science Teachers
- TExMaT Master Science Teacher 8-12 Flashcards