About This Chapter
TExMat Master Science Teacher 8-12: The Solar System & Universe - Chapter Summary
Explore information about planetary bodies and other phenomena in space as you watch these entertaining video lessons. During your study sessions for the TExMaT Master Science Teacher 8-12 test, become re-familiar with the following topics:
- The Big Bang Theory
- Types of galaxy formations
- The sun and other types of stars
- Planets, moons, and other objects within our solar system
- Technology used by astrophysicists and other scientists
While you may have gone over all of these space-related topics back in college, you may not remember all the pertinent details, and some information has changed, (e.g., Pluto). We can help you get back up to speed on these topics. Our video lessons can each be viewed in around five minutes or less, letting you fit in study time whenever your schedule allows. The transcripts for every lesson give you a personal set of notes, and the keywords in bolded letters are helpful for those last-minute review sessions. To evaluate your skills, and to get in some practice at answering questions on the TExMaT Master Science Teacher 8-12 test, try your luck at our lesson quizzes and the chapter exam.
TExMat Master Science Teacher 8-12: The Solar System & Universe Objectives
Texas science teachers who wish to guide and educate other teachers have the opportunity to pursue a higher credential, and they can achieve this level of status by passing the TExMaT Master Science Teacher 8-12 test. This particular TExMaT test is only offered on paper at designated testing locations. Individuals will have five hours to answer 91 questions, nearly all of which are some form of selected-response style questions. As the category of science expands many individual fields, the test has been divided into six domains to address topics related to such areas as Earth and space science, life science, and physical science, among a few other key areas. Questions about the universe and the solar system will no doubt be found in the sections covering Earth and space science topics, and nearly 1/5 of the entire test will include questions about this particular domain.
1. The Big Bang Theory: Explanation and Evidence
A popular scientific theory is that our universe originated with what is known as the Big Bang. This lesson explains what the Big Bang is and the evidence that supports it. Following the lesson, you can test your newfound knowledge with a quiz!
2. Formation, Types & Life Cycles of Stars
After reading this lesson, you will be able to describe how stars form and what form they take as well as describing the common cycles of their lives. A short quiz will follow.
3. Types of Stars by Size, Color and Life Cycle
Learn to identify the different sizes and colors of stars and how they relate to the star life cycle. In this lesson, we'll talk about spectral classification, how many stars there are of each type and the approximate color of the different classes of stars.
4. Galaxy Formation: Spiral, Elliptical & Irregular Galaxies
This lesson explains how galaxies form, starting with the Big Bang. You'll also learn about the solar nebula hypothesis and three galaxy types, including spiral, elliptical, and irregular galaxies.
5. The Sun: Structure & Life Cycle
Learn some secrets of our star, the sun, and discover what's inside of it. Learn about the history and future of the sun, then test your new knowledge with a quiz!
6. Inner Planets of the Solar System: Mercury, Venus, Earth & Mars
Take a tour of the four inner planets: Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars. Known as the terrestrial planets, find out what makes each of them unique and how they are different from the outer planets, the gas giants.
7. Formation of the Moon: Theories
Explore the four major theories on the formation of the Moon. The theories include the fission theory, capture theory, condensation theory and giant impact theory. Also look at both information supporting and flaws found in these theories.
8. Outer Planets of the Solar System: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune
Take a tour of the outer planets of our solar system: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune. Find out what makes each of these gas giants unique and learn about Pluto, a dwarf planet.
9. Dwarf Planets of the Solar System: Pluto, Eris, Haumea & Ceres
Discover why Pluto had to leave the league of planets and was downgraded to a dwarf planet. Learn the definitions for planet and dwarf planet. Find out about the currently classified dwarf planets in our solar system: Pluto, Eris, Ceres, Haumea and Makemake.
10. Asteroids, Meteorites & Comets: Definitions and Characteristics
This lesson will cover the definitions and characteristics of asteroids, comets and meteorites. It will also explore what impact they have had on Earth and the impact they might have in the future.
11. Interactions in the Sun-Earth-Moon System
Learn how the sun, earth, and moon interact with each other to create tides, phases, eclipses, seasons, solar winds, and precession. Take a quiz and see how much you've picked up.
12. How Gravity, the Moon & the Sun Influence Tides
This lesson will define tides, the tidal force, neap tide, and spring tide. It will also talk about how the sun, moon, and Earth interact to produce tidal bulges.
13. The Cycle of the Seasons in Astronomy
This lesson will explain to you why the Earth has different seasons, what the equinoxes and solstices are, their names, and if the distance the Earth is from the Sun influences the seasons.
14. Technologies Used to Explore Space
Orbiters, landers, rovers, and telescopes! Learn about the many pieces of technology we use to explore space, both nearby and distant. Then take a quiz and see how well you've explored the topic.
15. Types of Telescopes: Radio, Reflecting & Refracting Telescopes
Learn about the different types of telescopes that astronomers use: X-ray, radio, gamma ray, reflecting and refracting. Learn what the differences are between them and what different things they show us about the universe.
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Other chapters within the TExMaT Master Science Teacher 8-12 (092): Practice & Study Guide course
- Nature of Science & Unifying Themes
- The History & Societal Contexts of Science
- Methods of Scientific Inquiry
- Managing Scientific Data
- TExMaT Master Science Teacher 8-12: Laboratory Equipment & Procedures
- TExMaT Master Science Teacher 8-12: Organization of Matter
- TExMaT Master Science Teacher 8-12: States of Matter
- TExMaT Master Science Teacher 8-12: Chemical Reactions Basics
- TExMaT Master Science Teacher 8-12: Types of Chemical Reactions
- TExMaT Master Science Teacher 8-12: The Periodic Table
- TExMaT Master Science Teacher 8-12: Newton's Laws & Gravity
- TExMaT Master Science Teacher 8-12: Physics Dimensions of Motion
- TExMaT Master Science Teacher 8-12: Analyzing Forces
- Energy Transformations & Thermodynamics
- Electrical Nature & Magnetism
- TExMaT Master Science Teacher 8-12: Waves, Optics & Sound
- TExMaT Master Science Teacher 8-12: Cell Structure & Function
- TExMaT Master Science Teacher 8-12: Cell Reproduction & Division
- TExMaT Master Science Teacher 8-12: Biochemistry of Life
- TExMaT Master Science Teacher 8-12: Introduction to Organic Chemistry
- TExMaT Master Science Teacher 8-12: Nucleic Acids
- Homeostasis & Health Maintenance
- TExMaT Master Science Teacher 8-12: Reproduction & Development
- TExMaT Master Science Teacher 8-12: Genetics & Heredity
- TExMaT Master Science Teacher 8-12: Biological Evolution
- TExMaT Master Science Teacher 8-12: Ecosystems & Biomes
- TExMaT Master Science Teacher 8-12: Minerals, Rocks & Soil
- TExMaT Master Science Teacher 8-12: Renewable Resources
- TExMaT Master Science Teacher 8-12: Nonrenewable Resources
- Earth's Formation & Processes
- Overview of the Hydrosphere
- Earth's Atmosphere, Weather & Climate
- TExMaT Master Science Teacher 8-12: Plate Tectonics
- Alignment of Texas Science Instruction for High Schoolers
- Teaching Strategies for High School Science
- The Science Learning & Teaching Environment
- Using Different Types of Student Assessments
- Leadership, Communication & Collaboration in Science Education
- Mentoring & Professional Development for Texas Science Teachers
- TExMaT Master Science Teacher 8-12 Flashcards