About This Chapter
Standard: Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research. (CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.9)
Apply grade 7 Reading standards to literature (e.g., 'Compare and contrast a fictional portrayal of a time, place, or character and a historical account of the same period as a means of understanding how authors of fiction use or alter history'). (CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.9.a)
Apply grade 7 Reading standards to literary nonfiction (e.g. 'Trace and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, assessing whether the reasoning is sound and the evidence is relevant and sufficient to support the claims'). (CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.9.b)
About This Chapter
When your students have grasped this standard, they will be able to analyze a variety of passages. They can use reading strategies and examine a passage's literary elements to determine the author's intended meaning. The video lessons in this chapter will help your students tackle the following:
- Analyze literary passages
- Make inferences about a text's meaning
- Use context clues and other strategies to construct meaning
- Improve analyzing skills through visualization
- Use big picture reading and close reading strategies
- Interpret the author's purpose using text
- Ascertain the causes and impact of events in literary passages
- Compare and contrast the elements of passages
- Formulate conclusions from a passage
Students who have a solid understanding of text analysis will be able to analyze, compare and contrast texts in the fiction and non-fiction genres. They will exhibit an ability to use context clues, word structure and other strategies to understand terms they are unfamiliar with.
Your 7th graders should also be able to ask questions about plot, setting, characterization, symbols and other elements in order to make inferences and derive meaning from a passage. Mastery of this standard is important across many subjects students will study throughout their academic careers.
How to Use These Lessons in Your Classroom
The following suggestions offer ideas of how to incorporate this chapter's lessons into your teaching plans for this Common Core standard.
Using Context Clues
As a class, watch and discuss the video lesson on constructing meaning with context clues. Afterwards, give students a passage containing certain words in bold print. These pre-selected words should offer an appropriate level of challenge to students so that they must use the surrounding text to determine meaning.
Have students write what they think each bold word means and identify the context clues that led them to that conclusion. Go over the worksheet as a group and then assign the video lesson's quiz as a homework assignment that night, which you can go over the next day in class.
As part of their homework, have students watch the video lesson on drawing conclusions. Discuss the lesson the next day in class and go over a few examples as a group. Next, provide your 7th graders with a non-fiction article on an environmental event, such as a toxic chemical spill near a river.
The text should define and describe the event as well as discuss what caused it. Direct students to write down why this event is a problem and list its effects. Go over the students' conclusions in class and then have them take the lesson quiz.
Have the class view the video on inferences and intended meaning. Discuss some examples and then divide the students into groups. Have each group come up with a short paragraph that takes place at a certain location, such as the beach, a museum or a baseball field.
Each group will need to come up with a character(s), a basic plot and descriptive details that correlate with their given setting without actually naming it. Have the groups swap the completed paragraphs so that each has the chance to make inferences about the different passages' locations.
Watch Video Lessons at Home
Consider including the video lessons in this chapter as part of students' homework assignments. They can watch the videos at home to prepare for the next class period's topics. In class, review the lesson, go over some corresponding examples and then have the students take the lesson quizzes. Review the answers to the quizzes as a group.
1. How to Analyze a Literary Passage: A Step-by-Step Guide
In this lesson, we will examine the steps involved in the basic analysis of literature. Then, using a well-known fable, we will go through each step of analysis: comprehension, interpreting and drawing conclusions.
2. What is Inference? - How to Infer Intended Meaning
In this lesson, we will define the terms inference and intended meaning. We will then discuss what steps to take when making inferences in literature.
3. Constructing Meaning with Context Clues, Prior Knowledge & Word Structure
In this lesson, you will learn how readers use prior knowledge, context clues and word structure to aid their understanding of what they read. Explore these strategies through examples from literature and everyday life.
4. Reading Strategies Using Visualization
In this lesson, we will define visualization. We will then discuss why this step is important, how we can visualize, and when you should visualize. Finally, we will look at a sample from a poem and practice visualizing.
5. Close Reading vs. Big Picture Reading Strategies
In this lesson, learn about two different approaches to reading a work of literature: big picture strategies and close reading strategies. Discover how these two perspectives can be put into practice through examples from the play 'Romeo and Juliet.'
6. Interpreting Literary Meaning: How to Use Text to Guide Your Interpretation
In this lesson, we will discuss how to find and interpret literary meaning in writings. The lesson will focus on using the text to find key elements to guide your interpretation.
7. How to Determine the Cause and Effect of an Event in a Passage
Recognize and understand how cause and effect relates to literature. Learn how to determine and find cause and effect in a reading passage, along with a strategy to assist you.
8. How to Compare and Contrast Elements of a Passage
In this lesson, you'll learn how to compare and contrast when analyzing pieces of literature. You will also learn different strategies to assist in identifying key similarities and differences when applying compare and contrast.
9. How to Draw Conclusions from a Passage
You might be able to understand everything the author says in a passage, but can you figure out what the author ISN'T saying? Try your hand at drawing conclusions - but not jumping to conclusions - in this video lesson.
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Other chapters within the Common Core ELA Grade 7 - Writing: Standards course
- Argumentative Writing Introduction: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.1A
- Reasoning & Evidence for Arguments: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.1B
- Phrases & Clauses: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.1C
- Writing Style: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.1D
- Supporting Conclusions: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.1E
- Informative & Explanatory Texts: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.2A-F
- Narrative Writing: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.3A-E
- Production & Distribution of Writing: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.4-6
- Research to Build & Present Knowledge: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.7-8
- Range of Writing: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.7.10