About This Chapter
The 1970's (1969-1979)
During the 1970's, the U.S. dealt with many crises at home and abroad. The Vietnam War ended, but new problems arose in the Middle East. On the domestic front, societal changes were in full swing, but were overshadowed by the Watergate scandal, which resulted in the president's resignation. By the end of the chapter, you should have an understanding of:
- American policy in Southeast Asia in the 1970's
- The OPEC oil embargo and its consequences
- The Watergate Investigation and Richard Nixon's Resignation
- The presidencies of Gerald Ford and Jimmy Carter
- The Roe v. Wade decision
|Foreign Policies of President Nixon: Vietnamization & Détente||Understanding Nixon's challenges and goals, including his strategy to end the war in Vietnam.|
|Conflict in the Middle East: OPEC's 1970's Oil Embargo & Its Impact||Exploring the causes of the embargo and its effect on the U.S.|
|Supreme Court Case Roe v. Wade: Summary, Decision & Impact on Abortion||Examining the decision and its legacy.|
|The Watergate Scandal & President Nixon: Investigation & Resignation||Explaining the scandal that started with a burglary at the Democratic National Committee and ultimately cost the president his position.|
|Gerald Ford: Biography, Presidency & Facts||Learning about the man who completed Nixon's term.|
|Jimmy Carter as President: Election, Foreign Policy & Accomplishments||Exploring Carter's successes and failures, including the Camp David Accords that secured peace between Egypt and Israel.|
1. Foreign Policies of President Nixon: Vietnamization & Detente
After assuming office in 1969, President Richard Nixon pledged to honorably end the Vietnam War. Learn about Nixon's triangular diplomacy and Henry Kissinger's role. Discover what happened during the period of detente, President Nixon's doctrine of Vietnamization, and the Paris Peace Accords.
2. Conflict in the Middle East: OPEC's 1970s Oil Embargo & Its Impact
The 1970's saw a period of economic hardship, with a decrease in oil production in the United States but an increase in demand. Explore how conflict in the Middle East, OPEC and the oil embargo impacted the American economy by examining their effects on the rise and fall of oil and its subsequent outcomes.
3. Supreme Court Case Roe v. Wade: Summary, Decision & Impact on Abortion
One of the most debated topics in American society is abortion. Explore one of the most impactful court cases in American history, ~'Roe v. Wade,~' including its summary, Supreme Court decision, and its impact on abortion by examining its context as well as its support and opposition.
4. The Watergate Scandal & President Nixon: Investigation & Resignation
The Watergate scandal centers around political misconduct by President Richard Nixon in 1972, when investigations revealed that the president orchestrated the break-in of Democratic offices and illegal surveillance at the Watergate complex in Washington, D.C. Learn about the scandal and how mounting evidence and confessions eventually led to Nixon's resignation in 1974.
5. Gerald Ford: Biography, Presidency & Facts
Gerald Ford was the 38th President of the United States, sworn into office following the resignation of President Richard Nixon. Explore President Ford's biography, facts about his early years and the road from Congress to the White House, and years in the Ford presidency.
6. Jimmy Carter as President: Election, Foreign Policy & Accomplishments
James Earl 'Jimmy' Carter, Jr. defeated incumbent Gerald Ford to become 39th President of the United States in 1976. Explore Carter's rise from peanut farmer in Plains, Ga. to the most powerful man in the world, some of the crucial foreign policy decisions he made while in office, and some of the accomplishments of his presidency.
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Other chapters within the History 104: US History II course
- Reconstruction and the Gilded Age (1865-1877)
- Industrialization and Urbanization (1870-1900)
- The Progressive Era (1900-1917)
- American Imperialism (1890-1919)
- The Roaring 20s (1920-1929)
- The Great Depression (1929-1940)
- The US in World War ll (1941-1945)
- Post-War World (1946-1959)
- The Cold War (1950-1973)
- Protests, Activism and Civil Disobedience (1954-1973)
- The Rise of Political Conservatism (1980-1992)
- Contemporary America (1992-2013)
- Studying for History 104