About This Chapter
The 1970s in America
You've probably already heard some of the negatives about Richard Nixon. He became the 37th President of the United States in 1969 during a difficult time when masses of Americans were expressing outrage about the conflict in Southeast Asia. The video lessons in this chapter provide information about some of his positive accomplishments, such as the Triangular Diplomacy program, Détente and the Strategic Arms Limitations Talks.
Also explained in these lessons is why the Paris Peace Accords didn't really end the struggle in Vietnam and what the outcome of this 20-year war was. You can also clear up any questions you might have about the Watergate scandal and investigation, followed by President Nixon's resignation.
The 1970s also brought Middle Eastern conflict, with the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) oil embargo. Within the United States, a struggle for women's rights to legal abortions was reflected in the Roe vs. Wade Supreme Court case. Listen to the details of this decision and find out the effects it caused on the issue of abortion in the U.S.
To round out this chapter, you can learn about the man who took Nixon's place, Gerald Ford. Ford became the 38th President of the United States and had the shortest presidential term on record. Jimmy Carter, the 39th President of the United States, became the last president of the decade and carried the country into the 1980s. You can learn about his accomplishments in these lessons. Watch the video lessons or read the text transcripts, then take the short quizzes to gauge your understanding of these essentials of the 1970s.
1. Foreign Policies of President Nixon: Vietnamization & Detente
President Richard Nixon entered office in 1969 with the hope of easing international relations and honorably ending the war in Vietnam. Learn about his various attempts at securing international peace.
2. Conflict in the Middle East: OPEC's 1970s Oil Embargo & Its Impact
The 1970s represented a period of economic distress in the United States. Learn about one of the major factors, the 1973 oil embargo by OPEC, and its devastating impact on the American economy in this video lesson.
3. Supreme Court Case Roe v. Wade: Summary, Decision & Impact on Abortion
''Roe v. Wade, 1973'' was the landmark Supreme Court decision in regard to legalized abortion. Learn about the case, the decision and its impact on the United States.
4. The Watergate Scandal & President Nixon: Investigation & Resignation
The Watergate Scandal represented President Richard Nixon's wanton abuse of the executive privilege. Learn more about the scandal, those involved, the investigation and Nixon's inevitable resignation.
5. Gerald Ford: Biography, Presidency & Facts
This lesson discusses the life and times of President Gerald Ford. Learn more about his personal and political life on the way to becoming the 38th President of the United States.
6. Jimmy Carter as President: Election, Foreign Policy & Accomplishments
President James 'Jimmy' Carter was elected president in 1976. Learn about the 39th President of the United States' foreign and domestic policies, including his successes and failures.
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Other chapters within the NY Regents Exam - US History and Government: Test Prep & Practice course
- Colonial Period and Road to Revolution
- The American Revolution
- The US Government in 1776-1800
- The Virginia Dynasty & Jacksonian Democracy
- Manifest Destiny & Westward Expansion
- Build Up to the American Civil War
- American Civil War & Reconstruction
- Industrialization and Urbanization from 1870-1900
- The Progressive Era & American Imperialism
- The 1920s in America
- The Great Depression & World War II in America
- Cold War & Activism in America
- The 1980s Through Today
- NY Regents Exam - US History and Government Flashcards