Ch 7: The Age of Enlightenment

About This Chapter

Use the lessons in this chapter of our study guide to refresh your understanding of the Scientific Revolution and the breakthrough ideas that emanated from it. Learn more about the Enlightenment and the important thinkers of that period.

The Age of Enlightenment - Chapter Summary

Let us help you review scientific developments that led to new ways of viewing the world, starting with the astronomy concepts of Copernicus and continuing with breakthroughs in chemistry and medicine. Our instructors will explain the impact of these critically important developments. In other lessons, you'll study historic personalities of the Enlightenment period and their political theories. Enlightened despots and their goals are also discussed. After watching and reading these lessons, you should know more about:

  • Causes and leaders of the Scientific Revolution
  • Copernicus and his concepts
  • New ideas in medicine and chemistry
  • The impact of the Scientific Revolution
  • Thinkers of the Enlightenment
  • The Enlightened Despots of Russia, France, Austria and Prussia
  • History of political reform in Great Britain during the 1700s

You can watch these lessons anytime on a computer or mobile device. Each lesson is accompanied by a text transcript that points out important concepts and terms. After viewing and reading the lessons, you can assess your mastery of the material with short quizzes and a more comprehensive exam at the end of the chapter. Clickable links connecting back to the videos make it simple to return to specific places in the lesson to review particular points.

8 Lessons in Chapter 7: The Age of Enlightenment
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
The Scientific Revolution: Definition, History, Causes & Leaders

1. The Scientific Revolution: Definition, History, Causes & Leaders

In this lesson we explore the Scientific Revolution and the controversy which surrounds the very term. Additionally, we learn about just a few of the most important thinkers of the period who laid the foundation for our modern understanding of the world.

The Copernican Revolution

2. The Copernican Revolution

This lesson will discuss a famous astronomer by the name of Nicolaus Copernicus, his early history, his revolutionary idea, and why his model of the universe was actually wrong.

Breakthroughs in Medicine & Chemistry: Examples & Empiricism

3. Breakthroughs in Medicine & Chemistry: Examples & Empiricism

In this lesson, we explore the medical and chemical breakthroughs which occurred in the 16th and 17th centuries as part of the era's increased emphasis on empiricism and the concurring Scientific Revolution.

Effects of the Scientific Revolution

4. Effects of the Scientific Revolution

In this lesson, we explore the philosophical, religious, and cultural effects of the Scientific Revolution on Early Modern society - effects that forever changed the Western view of the universe and humanity's place within it.

The Enlightenment Thinkers & Their Ideas

5. The Enlightenment Thinkers & Their Ideas

In this lesson, we discuss the varied and diverse 18th-century intellectual movement known as the Enlightenment. In addition to exploring its background and nature, we highlight several of the era's chief philosophers and their ideas.

Enlightened Despots in France, Austria & Prussia: Reforms & Goals

6. Enlightened Despots in France, Austria & Prussia: Reforms & Goals

In this lesson we explore the term 'Enlightened Despotism' and how it pertains to the domestic politics of several 18th-century Western and Central European nations.

Enlightened Despots in Russia: Reforms & Goals

7. Enlightened Despots in Russia: Reforms & Goals

In this lesson, we explore the term enlightened despotism and the two rulers that most closely resemble enlightened despots in eighteenth-century Russia, Peter the Great and Catherine the Great.

Reform in Great Britain in the 1700s: History & Impact

8. Reform in Great Britain in the 1700s: History & Impact

In this lesson we explore the political developments of eighteenth-century Britain, from the formation and union of Great Britain to the political reforms and ideologies of Edmund Burke and William Pitt the Younger.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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