About This Chapter
The Age of Enlightenment - Chapter Summary
Let us help you review scientific developments that led to new ways of viewing the world, starting with the astronomy concepts of Copernicus and continuing with breakthroughs in chemistry and medicine. Our instructors will explain the impact of these critically important developments. In other lessons, you'll study historic personalities of the Enlightenment period and their political theories. Enlightened despots and their goals are also discussed. After watching and reading these lessons, you should know more about:
- Causes and leaders of the Scientific Revolution
- Copernicus and his concepts
- New ideas in medicine and chemistry
- The impact of the Scientific Revolution
- Thinkers of the Enlightenment
- The Enlightened Despots of Russia, France, Austria and Prussia
- History of political reform in Great Britain during the 1700s
You can watch these lessons anytime on a computer or mobile device. Each lesson is accompanied by a text transcript that points out important concepts and terms. After viewing and reading the lessons, you can assess your mastery of the material with short quizzes and a more comprehensive exam at the end of the chapter. Clickable links connecting back to the videos make it simple to return to specific places in the lesson to review particular points.
1. The Scientific Revolution: Definition, History, Causes & Leaders
In this lesson we explore the Scientific Revolution and the controversy which surrounds the very term. Additionally, we learn about just a few of the most important thinkers of the period who laid the foundation for our modern understanding of the world.
2. The Copernican Revolution
This lesson will discuss a famous astronomer by the name of Nicolaus Copernicus, his early history, his revolutionary idea, and why his model of the universe was actually wrong.
3. Breakthroughs in Medicine & Chemistry: Examples & Empiricism
In this lesson, we explore the medical and chemical breakthroughs which occurred in the 16th and 17th centuries as part of the era's increased emphasis on empiricism and the concurring Scientific Revolution.
4. Effects of the Scientific Revolution
In this lesson, we explore the philosophical, religious, and cultural effects of the Scientific Revolution on Early Modern society - effects that forever changed the Western view of the universe and humanity's place within it.
5. The Enlightenment Thinkers & Their Ideas
In this lesson, we discuss the varied and diverse 18th-century intellectual movement known as the Enlightenment. In addition to exploring its background and nature, we highlight several of the era's chief philosophers and their ideas.
6. Enlightened Despots in France, Austria & Prussia: Reforms & Goals
In this lesson we explore the term 'Enlightened Despotism' and how it pertains to the domestic politics of several 18th-century Western and Central European nations.
7. Enlightened Despots in Russia: Reforms & Goals
In this lesson, we explore the term enlightened despotism and the two rulers that most closely resemble enlightened despots in eighteenth-century Russia, Peter the Great and Catherine the Great.
8. Reform in Great Britain in the 1700s: History & Impact
In this lesson we explore the political developments of eighteenth-century Britain, from the formation and union of Great Britain to the political reforms and ideologies of Edmund Burke and William Pitt the Younger.
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