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Ch 23: The Age of European Exploration & Discovery

About This Chapter

Let us help you review facts about European exploration in the Americas, including important explorers and how exploration changed the world economy. Find out what made European exploration possible and look at religion's influence in the New World.

The Age of European Exploration & Discovery - Chapter Summary

Watch these lessons to examine the reasons why European countries were interested in exploring and colonizing the Americas. Our instructors will look at the great Spanish and Portuguese expeditions and examine how colonists treated the Native Americans.

Other lessons look at the economy of 17th-century Europe and trade in this era. After viewing these lessons, you should know about topics including:

  • Reasons for European explorations
  • The role of gunpowder in New World exploration
  • Aims of the great explorers for Spain and Portugal
  • Piracy
  • Creation of new world maps
  • The encomienda system and the Columbian exchange
  • Changes in international trade caused by exploration

You can watch these lessons on a computer, smartphone or tablet, whenever you have a few minutes to spare. Each lesson is accompanied by a written transcript that highlights key terms and concepts. You can test your knowledge with the quizzes at the end of each lesson and contact the instructor if you need additional help.

9 Lessons in Chapter 23: The Age of European Exploration & Discovery
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
The Old World and New World: Why Europeans Sailed to the Americas

1. The Old World and New World: Why Europeans Sailed to the Americas

This lesson will focus on the Age of Exploration. It will explain the main reasons why Europeans explored the New World. It will highlight their spirit of adventure, the religious desire to see natives converted, and the chance to acquire wealth.

History of Gunpowder and its Effects on the New World

2. History of Gunpowder and its Effects on the New World

This lesson will discuss the history of gun powder and its effect on the New World. It will highlight the development of firearms, as well as the Europeans who used gunpowder to ravage the Americas.

Great Explorers of Spain and Portugal: Aims & Discoveries

3. Great Explorers of Spain and Portugal: Aims & Discoveries

This lesson will focus on the New World explorations of Spain and Portugal. It will list explorers from both of these countries while also highlighting the motivations behind European exploration.

Mapping the World, Seaborne Commerce & Piracy

4. Mapping the World, Seaborne Commerce & Piracy

This lesson will focus on the improvement of maps, the growth of seaborne commerce, and the piracy that occurred during the Age of Exploration. It will also highlight the famous Sea Dogs of England.

Conquistadors and Encomienda System: Definition & Savaging of the New World

5. Conquistadors and Encomienda System: Definition & Savaging of the New World

This lesson will discuss the conquistadors of the New World. It will highlight Hernan Cortes and Francisco Pizarro. It will also explain the encomienda system and its impact on the native populations.

Las Casas, Valladolid Debate & Converting the New World

6. Las Casas, Valladolid Debate & Converting the New World

This lesson will focus on Las Casas, a Spanish priest who fought for the rights of the native inhabitants of the Americas. It will also highlight the New Laws of 1542 as well as the Valladolid debates.

The Columbian Exchange

7. The Columbian Exchange

The Columbian Exchange is a term used to denote the world-changing exchange of agricultural goods, slave labor, diseases, and ideas between the Eastern and Western Hemispheres that occurred after the year 1492 CE.

The Market Economy in 17th Century Europe

8. The Market Economy in 17th Century Europe

In this lesson, we will explore the role of market economics in 17th century Europe. We will see how early capitalism impacted European society during the 17th century.

How International Trade Changed in the Age of Exploration

9. How International Trade Changed in the Age of Exploration

In this lesson, we will explore the role of international trade during the Age of Exploration. Specifically, we will learn how the discovery of the New World impacted international trade patterns.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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