About This Chapter
Below is a sample breakdown of the Age of Exploration chapter into a 5-day school week. Based on the pace of your course, you may need to adapt the lesson plan to fit your needs.
|Day||Topics||Key Terms and Concepts Covered|
|Monday||Old World-New World Exchanges||Purpose and benefits of European exploration, transfer of disease to the Americas and historical use of gunpowder|
|Tuesday||Great Explorers and Maps||Names, goals and discoveries of major Portuguese and Spanish explorers; intercontinental commerce, piracy and use of Mercator map projections|
|Wednesday||The Italian Wars and Machiavelli||European involvement in Italy, further weakening of the pope's power and work of Niccolò Machiavelli|
|Thursday||Art during the Age of Exploration||Life and work of Michelangelo; architecture, art and culture of the Ottoman Empire, including an historical overview of Sultan Suleiman I|
|Friday||Conquering and Converting the New World||Treatment of native peoples by the conquistadors, explanation of the encomienda system and the Valladolid debate over native souls|
1. The Old World and New World: Why Europeans Sailed to the Americas
This lesson will focus on the Age of Exploration. It will explain the main reasons why Europeans explored the New World. It will highlight their spirit of adventure, the religious desire to see natives converted, and the chance to acquire wealth.
2. History of Gunpowder and its Effects on the New World
This lesson will discuss the history of gun powder and its effect on the New World. It will highlight the development of firearms, as well as the Europeans who used gunpowder to ravage the Americas.
3. Great Explorers of Spain and Portugal: Aims & Discoveries
This lesson will focus on the New World explorations of Spain and Portugal. It will list explorers from both of these countries while also highlighting the motivations behind European exploration.
4. The Italian Wars and Weakening of Papal Authority
This lesson will discuss the Italian Wars and their effects on the Papacy and the political landscape of Italy. It will also highlight the power struggle between France and Spain, which dominated much of 16th century Europe.
5. Machiavelli and Lessons of the Italian Wars
This lesson focuses on Machiavelli and his views on governing, specifically pertaining to the actions of rulers. It will also highlight the actions of several countries involved in the Italian Wars of the 15th and 16th centuries.
6. Michelangelo: Biography and Works
This lesson will focus on the life and works of Michelangelo. It will discuss his life in Florence, his dealings with the Medici family, his sculpture 'David,' the Sistine Chapel and many other of his awe-inspiring works.
7. Suleiman and the Ottoman Empire: History, Culture & Exploits
This lesson will focus on Suleiman the Magnificent, ruler of the Ottoman Empire. It will highlight his conquests of Eastern Europe and his wars with the Habsburg Dynasty. It will also discuss the cultural advancements of his rule.
8. Mapping the World, Seaborne Commerce & Piracy
This lesson will focus on the improvement of maps, the growth of seaborne commerce, and the piracy that occurred during the Age of Exploration. It will also highlight the famous Sea Dogs of England.
9. Conquistadors and Encomienda System: Definition & Savaging of the New World
This lesson will discuss the conquistadors of the New World. It will highlight Hernan Cortes and Francisco Pizarro. It will also explain the encomienda system and its impact on the native populations.
10. Las Casas, Valladolid Debate & Converting the New World
This lesson will focus on Las Casas, a Spanish priest who fought for the rights of the native inhabitants of the Americas. It will also highlight the New Laws of 1542 as well as the Valladolid debates.
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