About This Chapter
The Age of Exploration & Discovery - Chapter Summary
This chapter will examine the histories of European explorers and their influence on the New World. These lessons will review detailed stories of why Europeans sought to explore the New World and their discoveries in the process. In addition, the videos will address significant characters in this Age of Exploration and Discovery, as well as their reactions to the inhabitants of the New World.
These lessons will highlight numerous topics, including:
- Important European explorers
- The Italian Wars
- Las Casas and the conversion of the New World
- Europeans in the New World
- The Ottoman Empire
Our lessons are developed by subject-matter experts and utilize brief videos to convey the information in a clear and concise manner. A full transcript accompanies each video lesson to better enable you to comprehend the information you've reviewed. You have the ability to skip to any point in the video if you wish to focus on a specific topic. After you view each lesson, you can take the short self-assessment quiz, which will help you gauge how well you comprehend the lesson's content.
1. The Old World and New World: Why Europeans Sailed to the Americas
This lesson will focus on the Age of Exploration. It will explain the main reasons why Europeans explored the New World. It will highlight their spirit of adventure, the religious desire to see natives converted, and the chance to acquire wealth.
2. Great Explorers of Spain and Portugal: Aims & Discoveries
This lesson will focus on the New World explorations of Spain and Portugal. It will list explorers from both of these countries while also highlighting the motivations behind European exploration.
3. Mapping the World, Seaborne Commerce & Piracy
This lesson will focus on the improvement of maps, the growth of seaborne commerce, and the piracy that occurred during the Age of Exploration. It will also highlight the famous Sea Dogs of England.
4. The Italian Wars and Weakening of Papal Authority
This lesson will discuss the Italian Wars and their effects on the Papacy and the political landscape of Italy. It will also highlight the power struggle between France and Spain, which dominated much of 16th century Europe.
5. Machiavelli and Lessons of the Italian Wars
This lesson focuses on Machiavelli and his views on governing, specifically pertaining to the actions of rulers. It will also highlight the actions of several countries involved in the Italian Wars of the 15th and 16th centuries.
6. Michelangelo: Biography and Works
This lesson will focus on the life and works of Michelangelo. It will discuss his life in Florence, his dealings with the Medici family, his sculpture 'David,' the Sistine Chapel and many other of his awe-inspiring works.
7. Conquistadors and Encomienda System: Definition & Savaging of the New World
This lesson will discuss the conquistadors of the New World. It will highlight Hernan Cortes and Francisco Pizarro. It will also explain the encomienda system and its impact on the native populations.
8. Las Casas, Valladolid Debate & Converting the New World
This lesson will focus on Las Casas, a Spanish priest who fought for the rights of the native inhabitants of the Americas. It will also highlight the New Laws of 1542 as well as the Valladolid debates.
9. Suleiman and the Ottoman Empire: History, Culture & Exploits
This lesson will focus on Suleiman the Magnificent, ruler of the Ottoman Empire. It will highlight his conquests of Eastern Europe and his wars with the Habsburg Dynasty. It will also discuss the cultural advancements of his rule.
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