About This Chapter
How It Works:
- Identify the lessons in the Glencoe Spirit of Independence chapter with which you need help.
- Find the corresponding video lessons with this companion course chapter.
- Watch fun videos that cover the spirit of independence in early America topics you need to learn or review.
- Complete the quizzes to test your understanding.
- If you need additional help, rewatch the videos until you've mastered the material or submit a question for one of our instructors.
You'll learn all of the history topics covered in the textbook chapter, including:
- Sons of Liberty and the Stamp Act
- The Boston Massacre
- The Boston Tea Party and the First Continental Congress
- American Revolution battles at Lexington, Concord & Bunker Hill
- The Second Continental Congress
- Details of the Declaration of Independence
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1. Sons of Liberty: Resistance to the Stamp Act and British Rule
In 1763, British Prime Minister George Grenville passed new legislation aimed at solving some of the empire's problems stemming from the French and Indian War. The colonists cried, 'Taxation without representation is tyranny!' They organized boycotts, the Sons of Liberty and the Stamp Act Congress until some of the new taxes were lifted.
2. Boston Massacre: Colonists and the Declaratory and Townshend Acts
After overturning the hated Stamp Act, Parliament asserted its right to tax the colonists without representation by passing the Declaratory Act. When the Townshend Acts imposed import duties, the colonists went into action again. An escalating cycle of violence ended with the Boston Massacre, resulting in the cancellation of all duties except the one on tea.
3. The Boston Tea Party, Intolerable Acts & First Continental Congress
Three years of calm followed the Boston Massacre and the repeal of most Townshend duties. But no sooner had Parliament passed a new tax on tea than the colonies were in an uproar again about taxation without representation. What followed were the Boston Tea Party and the fateful last steps leading to war.
4. Lexington, Concord and Bunker Hill: The American Revolution Begins
Following the Boston Tea Party, Massachusetts was placed under the command of the British army. Rumors of a rebellion led to an attempted raid on the militia's arsenal. The events that followed at Lexington and Concord touched off the American Revolution.
5. The Second Continental Congress and Thomas Paine's Common Sense
1763 marked the beginning of the long road to revolution for the American colonies. By 1775, military actions had finally erupted. How were the colonists and their leaders going to respond?
6. The Declaration of Independence: Text, Signers and Legacy
After 12 years of tension and fighting, the colonists and their leaders were ready to declare themselves a new country, independent of Great Britain. This lesson examines the motives, the text, and the legacy of America's Declaration of Independence.
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Other chapters within the Glencoe The American Journey: Online Textbook Help course
- The American Journey Chapter 1: The First Americans
- The American Journey Chapter 2: Exploring the Americas
- The American Journey Chapter 3: Colonial America
- The American Journey Chapter 4: Growth of the 13 Colonies
- The American Journey Chapter 6: The American Revolution
- The American Journey Chapter 7: A More Perfect Union
- The American Journey Chapter 8: The Federalist Era
- The American Journey Chapter 9: The Jefferson Era
- The American Journey Chapter 10: Growth & Expansion
- The American Journey Chapter 11: The Jackson Era
- The American Journey Chapter 12: Manifest Destiny
- The American Journey Chapter 13: North & South
- The American Journey Chapter 14: The Age of Reform
- The American Journey Chapter 15: Toward Civil War
- The American Journey Chapter 16: The Civil War
- The American Journey Chapter 17: Reconstruction & the New South
- The American Journey Chapter 18: Opening the West
- The American Journey Chapter 19: The Industrial Age
- The American Journey Chapter 20: An Urban Society
- The American Journey Chapter 21: The Progressive Era
- The American Journey Chapter 22: Rise to World Power
- The American Journey Chapter 23: World War I
- The American Journey Chapter 24: The Jazz Age
- The American Journey Chapter 25: The Depression & the New Deal
- The American Journey Chapter 26: America & World War II
- The American Journey Chapter 27: The Cold War Era
- The American Journey Chapter 28: The Civil Rights Era
- The American Journey Chapter 29: The Vietnam Era
- The American Journey Chapter 30: America in the 1970s
- The American Journey Chapter 31: New Challenges