About This Chapter
The American Revolution Causes & Consequences - Chapter Summary
This teacher resource chapter on the causes and consequences of the American Revolution can be used to develop or supplement your social studies curriculum. Our concise video lessons cover the Sons of Liberty, Bunker Hill, the Second Continental Congress and many other Revolutionary War topics. Use the lessons to in class to supplement your textbook, and assign the quizzes to see how much your students understand and remember. Mobile-friendly access allows you and your students to use these resources on any computer, tablet or smartphone.
How It Helps
- Provides multiple uses: View the lessons online or use the printable worksheets and transcripts as handouts.
- Encourages confidence: These resources have been developed by expert instructors, so you can have confidence you're teaching students accurate and thoroughly-researched information.
- Simplifies prep work: Because these resources are available 24 hours a day on your computer, mobile phone and tablet, you'll have freedom to work on your lesson plans at your convenience.
Use this chapter to teach your students how to:
- Detail the causes and effects of the French and Indian War
- Outline the resistance efforts of the Sons of Liberty
- Discuss the events surrounding the Boston Massacre and the Boston Tea Party
- Describe the events that led to the beginning of the American Revolution
- Relate information about Thomas Paine's Common Sense and the Second Continental Congress
- Summarize the Declaration of Independence
- Identify the roles of slaves, free blacks and women in the Revolutionary War
- Explain George Washington's leadership at Saratoga, Valley Forget and Trenton
- Provide information about the presidency of George Washington
- Outline John Paul Jones and the naval battles of the American Revolution
- Discuss the Treaty of Paris and the Battle of Yorktown
- Describe the social and economic impacts of the Revolutionary War
1. The French and Indian War: Causes, Effects & Summary
In the mid-1700s, the Seven Years' War involved all of the world's major colonial powers on five continents. The biggest fight was between France and Great Britain, and the victor would come away with control of North America.
2. Sons of Liberty: Resistance to the Stamp Act and British Rule
In 1763, British Prime Minister George Grenville passed new legislation aimed at solving some of the empire's problems stemming from the French and Indian War. The colonists cried, 'Taxation without representation is tyranny!' They organized boycotts, the Sons of Liberty and the Stamp Act Congress until some of the new taxes were lifted.
3. Boston Massacre: Colonists and the Declaratory and Townshend Acts
After overturning the hated Stamp Act, Parliament asserted its right to tax the colonists without representation by passing the Declaratory Act. When the Townshend Acts imposed import duties, the colonists went into action again. An escalating cycle of violence ended with the Boston Massacre, resulting in the cancellation of all duties except the one on tea.
4. The Boston Tea Party, Intolerable Acts & First Continental Congress
Three years of calm followed the Boston Massacre and the repeal of most Townshend duties. But no sooner had Parliament passed a new tax on tea than the colonies were in an uproar again about taxation without representation. What followed were the Boston Tea Party and the fateful last steps leading to war.
5. Lexington, Concord and Bunker Hill: The American Revolution Begins
Following the Boston Tea Party, Massachusetts was placed under the command of the British army. Rumors of a rebellion led to an attempted raid on the militia's arsenal. The events that followed at Lexington and Concord touched off the American Revolution.
6. The Second Continental Congress and Thomas Paine's Common Sense
1763 marked the beginning of the long road to revolution for the American colonies. By 1775, military actions had finally erupted. How were the colonists and their leaders going to respond?
7. The Declaration of Independence: Summary & Analysis
The Declaration of Independence is one of the most important documents in U.S. History and led to the country's independence from Great Britain. In this lesson, we will review the main components of this important document.
8. Slaves & Free Blacks in the Revolutionary War
In this lesson, learn how both slaves and free blacks were involved in the Revolutionary War. Understand their role and importance to both the Americans and the British war efforts.
9. Roles of Women in the Revolutionary War
Men fought bravely during the Revolutionary War to defeat the British and form a new nation, but women were also essential to the war effort on both sides of the conflict. Learn more about women's bravery and sacrifices during the war.
10. George Washington's Leadership at Trenton, Saratoga & Valley Forge
After a series of setbacks in 1776, George Washington's leadership of the Continental Army helped America turn the tide of the war in three pivotal locations, prompting France to recognize the United States as a nation and an ally.
11. George Washington: Presidency & Facts
In this lesson, we will discuss how George Washington, the first president of the United States, helped shape the office of president. Learn more about how Washington set the stage for future presidents and test your knowledge with a quiz.
12. John Paul Jones and the Naval Battles of the Revolutionary War
Naval battles in the American Revolution are something of a lost chapter in history. Find out about the world's first military submarine, the privateers of the Continental Navy, and the helpful actions of three foreign allies at sea.
13. The Battle of Yorktown and the Treaty of Paris
After the unsuccessful Southern Strategy, General Cornwallis pulled his army up to Yorktown, Virginia. A combined effort by the armies and navies of America and France resulted in British surrender and the 1783 Treaty of Paris that recognized the United States of America.
14. American Revolution: Social and Economic Impact
Learn about the impact of the Revolutionary War throughout the world, especially on various segments of American society. We'll look at political, social, and economic impacts.
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Other chapters within the Middle School Social Studies Teacher Resources course
- Early Hominin Evolution
- Ancient Sumerian Cities & Culture
- Ancient Mesopotamian Empires
- Ancient Egyptian Culture & Structures
- Life in Ancient India
- Life in Ancient China
- Ancient Greece Culture & Politics
- Ancient Roman Empire
- World Religions & Beliefs
- European Life in the Middle Ages
- The Empires of Rome
- Religion & Culture of Islam
- The Christian Crusades
- Early West African Culture & Development
- Imperial China Overview
- Life in Medieval Japan
- The Maya, Aztec & Inca Peoples
- European Renaissance Overview
- The European Protestant Reformation
- Exploration of the New World
- Origins of Modern Science
- The Enlightenment Era
- European Exploration of the Americas
- The First Colonies in America
- Early American Government Origins & Documents
- Origins of the American Republic
- The Jefferson Presidency in America
- The Jackson Presidency in America
- American Expansion of the 1800s
- American Reform Movements in the 1800s
- Origins of the American Civil War
- Overview of the United States Civil War
- The Civil War Reconstruction Era
- The Second Industrial Revolution in the USA
- American Imperialism & The Progressive Era
- The United States & WWI
- American Life in the 1920s
- The Great Depression, New Deal & The USA
- The United States & WWII
- America During the Cold War
- USA Presidents & Movements of the 1960s & 1970s
- Contemporary American Movements & Presidents