About This Chapter
The Arab-Israeli Wars (1948-Present) - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
This chapter covers the tension between Arab and Jewish groups, events that led up to the establishment of the state of Israel and the numerous conflicts that have taken place since 1948. You'll examine Palestinian Nationalism and explore events that took place in the Arab-Israeli War of 1948 before moving into more recent activities, including the First and Second Intifada. When you've watched all the videos in this chapter, you should be familiar with:
- Anti-Semitism, Zionism and Palestinian Nationalism
- Events during the Suez Crisis
- Causes of the Six-Day War of 1967
- Timeline of the Yom Kippur War of 1973
- Recent developments in the Arab-Israeli Conflict
|Anti-Semitism, Zionism & Palestinian Nationalism in the Arab-Israeli Conflicts||Assess the root of 20th century Anti-Semitism, Zionism and Palestinian Nationalism and explain how these beliefs relate to tension between Arab and Jewish groups.|
|Israeli Statehood and the Arab-Israeli War of 1948||Describe the events that led to the establishment of the state of Israel in 1948. Discuss key events and themes associated with Israeli statehood and the resulting Arab-Israeli War of 1948.|
|Causes, Timeline & Effects of the Suez Crisis||Examine the major themes and events of the Suez Crisis. Discuss causes and effects and see a timeline of events.|
|The Six-Day War of 1967: Causes & Timeline||Describe the events of the Six-Day War and understand the critical themes and causes. Get a timeline for key events during this war.|
|Understanding the Yom Kippur War of 1973||Detail the crucial events and themes of this war then take a look at some causes and effects of the war.|
|Recent Developments of the Arab-Israeli Conflict||Discuss the First and Second Intifada then look at recent developments of the Arab-Israeli Conflict.|
1. Anti-Semitism, Zionism & Palestinian Nationalism in the Arab-Israeli Conflicts
The modern Arab-Israeli conflicts started with the British Mandate of Palestine, following World War I, but the roots of the struggle are 3,000 years old. This lesson traces the origins of the land of Israel, and both the Muslim and Jewish people.
2. Israeli Statehood and the Arab-Israeli War of 1948
For centuries, the population of the land known today as Israel barely changed. But in the late 1800s, waves of immigrants poured in, fighting for the right to control the territory. The modern state of Israel was created in 1948.
3. Causes, Timeline & Effects of the Suez Crisis
In 1956, Egyptian President Gamal Nasser seized the Suez Canal from its French and British owners, sparking an invasion by those Western nations and their ally, Israel. The Suez Crisis became a Cold War confrontation and a test of the United Nations.
4. The Six-Day War of 1967: Causes & Timeline
An Egyptian plot in 1967 to destroy Israel backfired when Israel struck first, destroying the forces of Egypt, Jordan, and Syria, and taking possession of new territory. The Six-Day War also cemented Israeli, pan-Arab, and Palestinian nationalism.
5. Understanding the Yom Kippur War of 1973
After a failed attempt to destroy Israel in 1967, Egypt and Syria tried again in 1973, hoping to regain land they had lost. Despite a surprise attack on Yom Kippur and initial Arab successes, Israel withstood the invasion.
6. The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: 1973-1993
After a failed 1973 attempt to reclaim land won by Israel in the Six-Day War, independent groups, such as the PLO, Fatah and Hezbollah, have promoted Palestinian goals. The first Intifada in the West Bank and Gaza was ended by the Oslo Accords.
7. Recent Developments of the Arab-Israeli Conflict
Despite the 2000 Camp David summit, peace remains elusive between Israel and Palestinians. Problems include a second Intifada, safety concerns from Hamas and Hezbollah, Israeli retaliations that harm civilians, and the Gaza blockade and tunnels.
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