About This Chapter
The Bargaining Process in Union & Labor Relations - Chapter Summary
This engaging chapter discusses the bargaining process in union and labor relations in a series of easily navigable video lessons. When you review this chapter, you'll study the process and function of collective bargaining, see its pros and cons, and learn about different situations that may result in bargaining issues. Each of our video lessons is generally less than 10 minutes long and designed to make learning these topics enjoyable and approachable. We've also included multiple-choice quizzes with each video so you can check your understanding before moving on to other subjects. Our chapter is designed to assist you in achieving these goals:
- Outline the importance and purpose of collective bargaining
- Detail the pitfalls and benefits of collective bargaining
- Differentiate between open and closed shops in labor relations
- Define integrative and distributive bargaining strategies in labor relations
- Discuss bargaining issues including wage incentives and wages
- Explain bargaining issues related to employee benefits and job evaluation programs
- Detail the contract ratification process
- See how employer restrictions and unionizing rights affect collective bargaining
1. What Is Collective Bargaining? - Definition & Process
Collective bargaining is a vital process in labor-management relationships in the United States. In this lesson, you will learn what collective bargaining is and be given a general outline of its process. A short quiz will follow the lesson.
2. Collective Bargaining: Definition and Labor Relations Legislation
The National Labor Relations Act established the National Labor Relations Board and required employers to use collective bargaining. This lesson explains these labor law concepts.
3. Function of Collective Bargaining
The function of collective bargaining is to negotiate work-related issues. Bargaining or negotiating takes place between the employer and the employees. The employees are represented by a collective bargaining unit.
4. Importance of the Collective Bargaining Process
One of the primary advantages of unionization for workers is the collective bargaining process. In this lesson, you'll learn about collective bargaining and why it is important in labor-management relationship. A short quiz follows.
5. Benefits & Pitfalls of Collective Bargaining
This lesson defines collective bargaining and explains the pitfalls versus the benefits. It also discusses how HR managers can implement strategies to effectively negotiate collective bargaining agreements.
6. Bargaining Strategies in Labor Relations: Integrative & Distributive
One of the great advantages that unionized workers have is the ability to collectively bargain as a group with management. In this lesson, you'll learn about integrative and distributive bargaining strategies. A short quiz follows.
7. Bargaining Issues: Wages & Wage Incentives
This lesson details wage and wage incentive programs, which are included in union contracts. We will look at incentive programs such as profit-sharing and gain-sharing, and we'll also review wage programs, such as the two-tier pay plan and wage adjustments.
8. Bargaining Issues for Job Evaluation Programs
This lesson looks at the job evaluation process and how it works in a unionized setting. Issues related to collective bargaining are highlighted, including creating a committee, determining job components, setting wages, and settling disputes.
9. Bargaining Issues Related to Employee Benefits
In this lesson, we'll see how Danny, a manager for Brakes & Brothers, handles bargaining issues regarding employee benefits. Several examples are given and discussed. These include insurance, income maintenance, work sharing, premium pay, and holidays.
10. Contract Ratification: Definition & Process
Learn more about a union's contract ratification process, including where it begins, how it becomes a tentative agreement, and how it is ratified. Find out the reasons why a contract may be rejected, including what behavior motivates a member's vote.
11. Bargaining Impasses: Strikes, Lockouts & Other Consequences
If negotiations between management and a union are not succeeding, either party may turn to more drastic measures to pressure concessions. In this lesson, you'll learn about strikes, lockouts, picketing and boycotts.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 95 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 2,000 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the Business 325: Union & Labor Relations course
- Introduction to Labor Unions
- Relations Between Labor & Management
- History of Labor Unions in the U.S.
- U.S. Labor Law in the Private Sector
- Public Sector Labor Relations
- Union Structure & Management
- Union Organizing
- Labor-Management Conflict Resolutions
- Grievance, Disciplinary & Arbitration Process
- Globalization & Labor Relations
- Comparative Labor Relations
- Required Assignments for Business 325