About This Chapter
Below is a sample breakdown of the Baroque Period in Music chapter into a 5-day school week. Based on the pace of your course, you may need to adapt the lesson plan to fit your needs.
|Day||Topics||Key Terms and Concepts Covered|
|Monday|| The organ;|
|The role of the organ in Baroque music;|
How counterpoint was used;
Characteristics of a fugue, along with audio examples
|Tuesday|| The oratorio;|
Decorative and ornate music;
|The oratorio's role in church music and a look at important composers;|
New ideas in musical expression;
Notable musicians, including Bach, Vivaldi and Pachelbel
Henry Purcell and Antonio Vivaldi
|Monteverdi and Lully;|
Important composers in England and Italy
|Organ music, fugues and solo works from Bach;|
Handel's oratorios and other major works
|Friday||The Baroque orchestra;|
The origins of opera
|Structure and instruments of the orchestra of the period;|
Early operas and their influences and components
1. The Organ: Instrument Characteristics and History
The organ and other keyboard instruments were important catalysts in driving composers to create more complex music in the Baroque era. Learn how the instruments work and why they played such an important role during this time period.
2. Counterpoint in the Baroque Period: Definition, Harmony & Examples
The use of counterpoint is a significant characteristic of Baroque period music. In this lesson, learn how to define counterpoint, how it was used during the Baroque period, and hear popular examples.
3. The Fugue: Bach, Definition & Examples
A fugue is a complex style of composition that was developed during the Baroque period. In this lesson, learn how fugues are made, what characteristic qualities make up the style, and how J.S. Bach influenced the style, and listen to examples.
4. The Oratorio: Composers, Definitions & Examples
The oratorio was significant to Catholic and Protestant church life throughout Europe during the Baroque period. Find out about the oratorio's role in church, influential composers, and why it will make you want to shout 'Hallelujah!'
5. Decorative and Ornate Music of the Baroque Era
Through embellished melodies and newly established ideas of harmonic theory, the music of the Baroque era brought a new sense of musical expression. In this lesson, learn how composers of the era achieved affective music through new influence and a new style of writing.
6. Baroque Composers: Bach, Handel, Vivaldi, Pachelbel & More
The Baroque was an exuberant musical period that lasted from 1600-1750. This lesson will introduce you to some of the Baroque's most famous composers.
7. Baroque Opera Composers: Monteverdi & Lully
The Baroque period began with the invention of opera, and composers like Monteverdi and Lully helped bring the opera genre to new heights. In this lesson, we'll explore the life and music of these two great opera composers.
8. Antonio Vivaldi and Henry Purcell: Baroque Composers in Italy and England
In this lesson, we'll explore the life and music of two of the Baroque period's greatest stars: the English composer Henry Purcell and the Italian composer Antonio Vivaldi. Then, test yourself with the brief quiz.
9. Bach: Important Works, Organ, Fugues and Solo Works
In this lesson, you'll meet Johann Sebastian Bach, one of the greatest composers and organists from music's Baroque period. This lesson will introduce you to Bach's life and works, with an emphasis on his organ music.
10. Handel: Major Works & Oratorio
Though George Frideric Handel was born in Germany, he composed the world's most popular English choral piece. This lesson explores how Handel's career brought him to England and how he captured the public's heart with his compositions called oratorios.
11. The Baroque Orchestra: Instruments, Structure & Forms
In the history of Western music, the Baroque orchestra holds a very important position. In this lesson, explore the formation and structure of the Baroque orchestra, and test your understanding with a brief quiz.
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