About This Chapter
The Basics of Genetics, Cells, and Structures - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Your body is made up of cells, which make up tissues, which then make up organs - you get the picture. These structures, as well as genes, impact your body's appearance and functioning. In this chapter, you'll get details on these structures, the role of genetics, and the effects of some genetic conditions. Through studying this chapter's lessons, you will learn about:
- What parts make up cells
- How embryonic and adult stem cells differ
- What DNA is made up of and its role in genetics
- How dominant and recessive genes differ
- What symptoms result from genetic disorders
- What are the types of tissues, organs, and glands
|Medical Terms for Basic Cell Concepts||Learn about the cell's nucleus and also the function of stem cells.|
|Basic Medical Terminology for Genetics||Explore DNA, the types of genes, and the effect of genetic mutations.|
|Types of Genetic Disorders: Definitions & Symptoms||Get info on the causes and symptoms of Down syndrome, cystic fibrosis, and other genetic disorders.|
|Types of Genetic Disorders II: Definitions & Symptoms||Discover the causes and effects of even more genetic disorders, such as hemophilia.|
|Medical Terminology for Tissues, Organs, and Glands||Learn what constitutes tissues, organs, and glands as well as what histologists study.|
|Medical Terms for Epithelial Tissues||Get details on this type of tissues as well as their subtissues.|
|Medical Terms for Connective Tissues||Take a look at the different types of connective tissues.|
|Medical Terms for Muscle & Nervous Tissues||Detail the various nervous and muscle tissue types.|
|Exocrine vs. Endocrine Glands: Medical Terms||Find out the difference between exocrine and endocrine glands.|
1. Medical Terms for Basic Cell Concepts
We are going to look at some of the terms that are used when studying cells. The internal structures and their functions will be covered, and we will also look at stem cells and compare adult and embryonic stem cells.
2. Basic Medical Terminology for Genetics
We are going to discuss some of the terms that are frequently used in genetics. We will take a quick glance at genes and basic inheritance patterns. An overview of mutations and genetic disorders will also be covered in this lesson.
3. Types of Genetic Disorders: Definitions & Symptoms
Cystic fibrosis, Huntington's disease, Tay-Sachs disease, sickle cell disease, Down syndrome, and cancer all have something in common. They are all genetic disorders, and we will discuss why they may occur and what problems they might cause.
4. Types of Genetic Disorders II: Definitions & Symptoms
We are going to discuss hemophilia, muscular dystrophy (MD), and phenylketonuria (PKU) in this lesson. We will look at the genes affected for each disorder. The symptoms that result and inheritance patterns will also be covered.
5. Medical Terminology for Tissues, Organs & Glands
In this lesson, you'll find out what tissues, organs, and glands are. You'll also learn where each appears in the organization of the human body and get some examples of each. This lesson also defines histology and histologist.
6. Medical Terms for Epithelial Tissues
We are going to get an understanding of the different types of epithelial tissues. Where they are found in and on the body and their functions will be defined as well. You will also learn the structure of epithelial tissues.
7. Medical Terms for Connective Tissues
This lesson will discuss the medical terms for the seven different types of connective tissues. It will also discuss their structures, locations, and functions within the body.
8. Medical Terms for Muscle & Nervous Tissues
This lesson is going to go over basic information about the different types of muscle tissue as well as nervous tissue. We will look at the particular functions and locations of each tissue type and also quickly touch on how these tissue types work together.
9. Exocrine vs Endocrine Glands: Medical Terms
This lesson will cover what glands are and the differences between endocrine and exocrine glands. We will look at the various types of exocrine glands. We will also discuss each gland, its secretion, and location in the body.
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Other chapters within the Medical Terminology: Help & Review course
- Fundamentals of Medical Terminology
- Basic Suffixes, Prefixes & Roots in Medical Terminology
- Terminology for Direction, Planes & Regions of the Body
- Pathology Basics & Vocabulary
- Medical Terms for the Lymphatic & Immune Systems
- Oncology Basics & Terms
- Medical Terminology for the Skeletal System
- Vocabulary for the Muscular System & Its Functions
- Vocabulary for the Cardiovascular System
- Terminology for the Respiratory System, Diseases & Treatments
- Terminology for Diagnosis & Treatment of Respiratory Diseases
- Medical Vocabulary for the Gastrointestinal System
- Terms for GI Tract Pathologies
- GI Tract Diagnosis & Treatment Terminology
- Medical Terms for the Urinary System
- Terminology of the Nervous System
- Terms for Nervous System-Related Conditions
- Terminology for Diagnostics & Treatments of the Nervous System
- Medical Terms Related to the Eyes
- Medical Terminology Related to the Ears
- Terminology for the Integumentary System
- Terminology for The Endocrine System & Hormones
- Endocrine Gland Disorder Vocabulary
- Pancreatic Disorder Vocabulary
- Adrenal Gland Disorder Terminology
- Male Reproductive System & STDs: Medical Terminology
- Female Reproductive System: Medical Terminology
- Medical Terminology for Major Pathogens
- Medical Terminology Used for Diagnosis & Pharmacology