About This Chapter
The Birth of the Muslim World - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
The Middle East hasn't always been dominated by Islam, but the religion has been woven into the society of the region since the seventh century. In this chapter, you'll learn about the pre-Islamic world as well as the founding of Islam by Mohammed. You'll examine the spread of the religion and the impact of important Muslim achievements across multiple fields. The video lessons cover topics like:
- What events led to the founding of Islam
- What the Five Pillars of Islam are
- What similarities exist in Christian, Jewish and Islamic doctrines
- How the Abbasid caliphate impacted the Golden Age of Islam
- How caliphates worked to spread Islam
- How Muslim accomplishments impacted science, medicine and the arts
|Sasanid Empire: History, Society & Religion||Explore the society of the pre-Islamic Sasanid Empire and what led to its decline.|
|Mohammed and the Birth of Islam||Learn about the life of Mohammed and how he came to be the founder and leader of Islam.|
|The Umayyad Dynasty: Rulers & Warfare||Discover the rulers of the Umayyad Dynasty and the challenges they faced.|
|The Abbasid Caliphate's Rise to Power||Examine how the Abbasids came to power and their effects on Islamic society.|
|Five Pillars of the Islamic Faith: Overview, the Quran & Sharia Law||Study the five foundational pillars of Islam and learn about the importance of the Quran and Sharia.|
|People of the Book: Comparing Judaism, Christianity and Islam||Discover the similarities among the doctrines of Christianity, Judaism and Islam.|
|The Spread of Islam and the Progress of the Caliphates||See how Muslim caliphates worked to spread Islam throughout the world.|
|Muslim Learning: Scientific, Artistic, Medical & Literary Accomplishments||Learn about Muslim scholarship and advancements in science and the arts.|
|Islamic Civilization & Society||Take a look at the structure of Islamic society and what factors impact it.|
1. Sasanid Empire: History, Society & Religion
This lesson explores the Sasanid Empire. In doing so, it highlights the reign of Khosro I, Zoroastrianism, and the social stratification within the empire.
2. Mohammed and the Birth of Islam
Out of the deserts of Arabia would come a man who would change the world. He was Mohammed, founder of the religion of Islam, and this lesson serves as a brief summary of his life and the founding of the religion of Islam.
3. The Umayyad Dynasty: Rulers & Warfare
This lesson explores Islam after the death of Mohammed. In doing this, it highlights the culture and conflicts of the Umayyad Dynasty and its ruling caliphs.
4. The Abbasid Caliphate's Rise to Power
This lesson will explore the Abbasids and the Golden Age of Islam. In doing this, it will highlight the role of the caliph, viziers, and the growth of trade within the empire.
5. Five Pillars of the Islamic Faith: Overview, the Quran & Sharia Law
The Five Pillars of Islam are the foundation of the world's second largest faith. They are characterized by a simplicity that encourages peaceful cooperation between people, which is one reason for the religion's widespread devotion. This lesson will detail each of the five and show how they relate to the daily lives of practicing Muslims.
6. People of the Book: Comparing Judaism, Christianity and Islam
The religions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are often seen as competing doctrines and faiths by observers and adherents. Yet, a summary investigation of their doctrines illustrates they have much in common. This lesson will examine these similarities in greater detail.
7. The Spread of Islam and the Progress of the Caliphates
After the death of Mohammed, Islam continued to spread through Arabia, the Middle East and Africa. This lesson is an overview of Islam's progress from the faith of Mecca to a faith for all the world.
8. Muslim Learning: Scientific, Artistic, Medical & Literary Accomplishments
The Abbasid caliphate (750-1258 CE) oversaw the Golden Age of Islam. Learn about the accomplishments of Muslim scholars in art, literature, science, medicine and mathematics during this time.
9. Islamic Civilization & Society
Before the year 600, the Middle East was a no man's land between Persia and Byzantium. Then, 100 years later, it was the heartland of an empire that would grow larger than its predecessors put together. This lesson details the changes to society during that time.
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Other chapters within the History 112: World History I course
- Prehistory & the Development of Humankind
- Civilization Begins at Mesopotamia
- Early Egyptian Civilization
- Early Civilizations of the Ancient Near East
- The Rise of Empires in the Ancient Near East
- Early Indian Civilizations & Empires
- Early Chinese Civilizations & Empires
- Early Greek Civilizations
- Classical Greek Culture & Philosophy
- Alexander & the Spread of Hellenistic Culture
- Rise of the Roman Republic
- The Roman Republic Becomes an Empire
- Roman Culture & Society
- The Development of Christianity
- Fall of the Roman Empire
- Early African Civilizations
- Early Civilizations in Asia
- The Roman World in Transformation
- Feudalism in Europe & the Early Middle Ages
- The Byzantine Empire & the Crusades
- Rise of the Russians & the Turks
- Society & Culture in the Medieval Warm Period
- Medieval Civilization & Christianity
- European Kingdoms Emerge
- Culture of the High Middle Ages
- The Late Middle Ages
- Early Civilizations in the Americas
- The Muslim World Expands
- The European Renaissance