About This Chapter
Who's it for?
Anyone who needs help learning or mastering human anatomy and physiology material will benefit from taking this course. There is no faster or easier way to learn human anatomy and physiology. Among those who would benefit are:
- Students who have fallen behind in understanding brain development or structures and functions of the brain
- Students who struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD
- Students who prefer multiple ways of learning science (visual or auditory)
- Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
- Students who need an efficient way to learn about the brain
- Students who struggle to understand their teachers
- Students who attend schools without extra science learning resources
How it works:
- Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
- Press play and watch the video lesson.
- Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
- Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
- Verify you're ready by completing the Brain chapter exam.
Why it works:
- Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
- Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
- Be Ready on Test Day: Use the Brain chapter exam to be prepared.
- Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any question about the human brain. They're here to help!
- Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.
Students will review:
In this chapter, you'll learn the answer to questions including:
- What are the major parts and functions of the brain?
- How does the brain develop?
- What are the functions and parts of the cerebral cortex?
- What are the anatomical terms that describe the brain?
- How do the brain hemispheres communicate?
- What are the parts of the brain stem and which functions do they control?
- How are blood vessels arranged within the brain?
- How does cerebrospinal fluid protect the brain and how is it produced?
1. Early Brain Development: Major Parts & Functions
In this lesson, we take a look at your brain when you were the size of a peanut and your brain the size of a pea. What major structures did your brain have back then? What were they called? And most interestingly, how do these structures affect your life today?
2. Brain Structures and Functions Part I
The brain's complexity can often be difficult to understand because it serves so many important functions. In this lesson, you'll get a little help from Nrr, the alien biologist, who will guide you through understanding the structure and functions of the human brain.
3. The Cerebral Cortex: Brain Structures and Functions Part II
Check out this video lesson to learn about the four lobes of the human brain - the frontal, parietal, occipital and temporal. You'll learn about the functions and processes of each region.
4. Gross Anatomy of the Human Brain: Major Anatomical Structures and Terminology
In this video, you'll find out how and why we divide our brain into major sections. It's not just random names and games. You'll learn about where these divisions occur, what we call them, and what they separate.
5. The Brain Hemispheres: Left Brain/Right Brain Communication and Control
Ever heard of a split personality? How about a split brain? Well, we can't be sure about the personality one, but brains can be split in two! In this lesson, you'll learn that and much more on how the brain communicates within itself.
6. Parts of the Brain Stem: The Medulla Oblongata and Pons
In this lesson, we'll learn how you are able to breathe without even thinking about it. You'll also find out why you breathe faster when you run. Finally, we'll learn where things as diverse as sneezing and blood pressure are controlled.
7. Cerebrospinal Fluid in the Brain: Functions & Production
In this lesson, you'll learn that you have holes in your brain and that it's actually a good thing! You'll also find out how your brain uses a water cushion for protection and where this water cushion is made.
8. Brain Blood Supply: Anatomy & Diagrams
You'll never look at a shopping mall the same way again once you learn in this lesson how similar it is to your brain. We'll also find out why connections between blood vessels are important and how your brain protects itself against toxic substances in your blood.
9. Inhibitory Postsynaptic Potential: Definition & Examples
In this lesson, we'll define the inhibitory postsynaptic potential of neurons. We'll examine how inhibitory postsynaptic potentials impact important aspects of physiology, including the physiology evident in examples of drug and alcohol abuse.
10. Traumatic Brain Injuries: Symptoms & Treatment
This lesson will focus on traumatic brain injury. Here, we'll learn what causes traumatic brain injury, what happens to the brain and the symptoms patients experience. Then we'll go over the two main types of traumatic brain injury as well as the treatment.
11. Amusia: Definition & Symptoms
Read this lesson to learn about the condition known as amusia, which affects a person's musical abilities. We'll explore the definition of amusia as well as examine symptoms and diagnosis options below.
12. BuSpar: Dosage & Side Effects
Learn about BuSpar and what it is prescribed to treat. Identify the type of medication BuSpar is. Learn the typical dosage of BuSpar, along with the range of side effects from unpleasant to life threatening.
13. Anosognosia: Definition & Treatment
Anosognosia is a fascinating disorder that involves complete lack of awareness about another disorder. Read on to find out just what anosognosia is as well as a shocking, temporary cure for the disorder.
14. Arcuate Fasciculus: Definition & Function
In this lesson, you will learn what the arcuate fasciculus is and where it is located. You will also learn a bit about its general functions and what happens if it is damaged or missing.
15. Athetosis: Definition & Treatment
Athetosis is a symptom of a brain disorder that causes repetitive, slow, and involuntary muscle movements. This lesson will describe the disorder, its symptoms and causes, as well as possible treatment options.
16. Autonomic Dysreflexia: Definition & Symptoms
Autonomic dysreflexia is a serious condition where the body's blood pressure rises to dangerous levels. Read this lesson to learn about why this happens, who's at risk, and what the symptoms are.
17. Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) Levels & Effects
You are probably familiar with the term blood alcohol concentration, but what does it really mean? Read this lesson to learn the definition, the different levels and the side effects that can be incurred at each level of blood alcohol concentration.
18. Basal Ganglia: Definition & Function
In this lesson, we'll look at the basal ganglia, which is a cluster of brain cells at the base of the brain that helps humans perform practiced movements. After learning its functions, you'll be able to test your knowledge with a quiz.
19. Blood-Brain Barrier: Definition & Function
In this lesson, we will learn about the blood-brain barrier, which is an important layer of cells that helps keep our brains safe. We will discuss the structure and function of this barrier and look at what happens when it breaks down.
20. Signs & Symptoms of Brain Cancer
We've all heard the term ''brain cancer,'' but what are the signs and symptoms that indicate brain cancer? Check out this lesson to learn the tell-tale signs of brain cancer.
21. Brain Cancer: Treatments & Side Effects
In this lesson, we'll learn about the brain and how glioblastoma, a common form of brain cancer, is treated. You'll explore how these treatments work, as well as some of their side effects.
22. Causes of Brain Cancer
What causes brain cancer? Keep reading this lesson to learn about two types of brain tumors and to find out why these cancers develop in the first place.
23. Brain Abnormalities: Causes & Symptoms
In this lesson, we'll discuss the parts of the brain and their functions. We'll also learn about the causes and symptoms of three brain abnormalities: anencephaly, brain aneurysms, and anterograde amnesia.
24. Brain Damage: Signs & Symptoms
The brain is central to the proper function of the entire body, therefore, damage to the brain directly effects the entire body and immediately becomes a 'big deal.' In this lesson, we will discuss the types and symptoms of brain damage; we will also explore how to prevent and treat brain damage.
25. Encoding Memory: Definition & Types
In this lesson, you will learn about encoding memory, which is the initial process in learning new information. You will also gain knowledge about the different areas of encoding memory, including visual, acoustic and semantic.
26. Brain Tumors: Types, Causes, Symptoms & Side Effects
This lesson is about brain tumors, or uncontrolled growth of cells in the brain. We will go over different types of brain cancer, causes, symptoms and side effects of treatment.
27. Cerebellum: Definition & Function
The brain is one of the most complex organs in the body, and each part is responsible for a different set of functions. This lesson discusses the cerebellum and its function in the human body.
28. Hippocampus: Definition, Function & Location
The hippocampus plays a very important role in storing our memories and connecting them to our emotions, among other roles. This lesson explains all the roles of the hippocampus and its structure in the brain.
29. Nodes of Ranvier: Function and Definition
Neurons make up the brain, spinal cord and nerves that connect to our bodies, and they control all function in our bodies. They are coated in a thick insulation that has small breaks, called nodes of Ranvier. This lesson explains the structure and function of the nodes of Ranvier.
30. The Hindbrain: Definition, Structures & Function
In this lesson, we'll learn about our 'reptilian' brain, known as the hindbrain. We'll explore what structures compose the hindbrain, as well as what vital processes of the human body it controls.
31. What is Corpus Callosum? - Definition, Function & Location
The corpus callosum allows the two sides of your brain to communicate and create a useful view of the world. This lesson reviews how these nerve fibers function and maintain proper brain activity. A brief quiz will help reinforce these principles.
32. What is the Cerebrum? - Definition, Functions & Location
The cerebrum is a structure found in the brain. In this lesson, we will identify where the cerebrum is located in the brain and why it is vital to your everyday life.
33. What is the Medulla? - Definition, Function & Location
In this lesson, we'll learn about the medulla oblongata, which plays a major role in controlling many of the automated functions of your body. We'll also explore how its placement leads to it playing many important accessory roles within the sending and receiving pathway of the nervous system.
34. Concussion: Definition, Symptoms & Treatment
Have you ever experienced a concussion? Chances are you didn't feel well, but what exactly happened? Read this lesson to learn what a concussion is, what the symptoms are, and how to treat it!
35. Febrile Seizure: Definition, Causes, Symptoms & Treatments
In the following article you will learn about febrile seizures. You will learn who is at risk for febrile seizures and what to do when someone has one.
36. fMRI: Definition, Uses & Limitations
An fMRI is a type of medical imaging scan used to monitor changes in brain activity with varying blood flow. This lesson will explain why such a scan would be useful, how it works, and the strengths and weaknesses of using fMRI.
37. Haloperidol: Uses & Side Effects
When you finish reading this lesson, you should be able to identify and describe the uses and side effects of the medication Haldoperidol. A short quiz will follow so that you can test your knowledge.
38. Intractable Pain: Definition & Management
Intractable pain refers to a medical condition where a patient feels chronic pain that doesn't subside with treatments. This lesson will explain the condition, identify some potential causes, and discuss management options.
39. Memory Loss: Definition Causes, Symptoms & Treatment
Memory loss can be scary and may significantly interfere with life. Read this lesson to learn about the different types of memory loss that can occur, the causes of each, common symptoms, and possible treatment options.
40. Seizure: Types, Symptoms & Causes
Seizures are symptoms of brain injury, disease, or abnormality affecting the brain's physical, electrical, or chemical activity. In this lesson, we'll discuss potential causes, symptoms, and first aid for the person having the seizure.
41. Tricyclic Antidepressants: Types, Examples & Side Effects
Do you know someone diagnosed with depression? Have you ever experienced a tension headache? What about pain caused by nerve damage from diabetes or shingles? If so, you will probably want to know more about tricyclic antidepressants. Continue reading to discover more about these drugs.
42. What Is Encephalopathy? - Definition, Symptoms & Treatment
Encephalopathy is the scientific term used to describe any abnormality in the brain. Check out this lesson to learn the symptoms and treatment options for those who may experience some form of encephalopathy.
43. What Is Nystagmus? - Definition, Causes, Symptoms & Treatment
Nystagmus is characterized by rapid, involuntary movements of the eyes. It may be present at birth or develop later in life. Read this lesson to learn about the different types, causes, symptoms, and treatment options of nystagmus.
44. What is Ptosis? - Definition, Causes, Symptoms & Treatment
Ptosis is a condition that causes drooping eyelids. In this lesson, we'll explore the symptoms, causes, and treatment of ptosis. A short quiz follows to test your understanding.
45. What Is Syncope? - Definition, Causes & Symptoms
Syncope is the medical term used for ~'blacking out~' or ~'fainting.~' Check out this lesson to learn more about what causes syncope, how it can vary, and some of its common symptoms.
46. What Is TIA (Mini-Stroke)? - Definition, Symptoms & Treatment
Over 500,000 people might experience a TIA, or mini-stroke, each year. Forty percent of these people will have a full stroke within three months. Learn how to recognize signs and symptoms of a TIA and how to get treatment.
47. Brain Lateralization: Function, Definition & Test
Are you organized or creative? Questions like these are designed to determine whether you are right- or left-brained, an idea based on brain lateralization. You'll learn how brain functions are lateralized and whether there really is such a thing as being right- or left-brained.
48. Brain Stem: Function, Anatomy & Definition
The brain stem may sound like something that just holds the brain up, but it actually has a vital role in keeping you alive. This lesson brings you up to date on what you need to know about the brain stem. Read on for details.
49. Cerebellar Damage: Symptoms & Treatment
Cerebellar damage refers to some type of illness or injury that has damaged the cerebellum, a part of the brain responsible for controlling movement and learning. In this video, you'll learn about the symptoms of cerebellar damage and how they are treated.
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Other chapters within the Human Anatomy & Physiology: Help and Review course
- Inorganic Chemistry in Anatomy and Physiology: Help and Review
- Organic Molecules in Anatomy and Physiology: Help and Review
- Biochemistry in Anatomy and Physiology: Help and Review
- Basic Anatomy and Cell Biology: Help and Review
- Respiratory System: Help and Review
- Cardiovascular System: Help and Review
- Blood Vessels: Help and Review
- Digestive System: Help and Review
- Urinary System: Help and Review
- Endocrine System: Help and Review
- The Nervous System at the Cellular Level: Help and Review
- The Five Senses: Help and Review
- Muscular System: Help and Review
- Gross Anatomy of Muscular System: Help and Review
- Connective Tissue: Help and Review
- Skeletal System: Help and Review
- Anatomy and Physiology of Male and Female Reproductive Systems: Help and Review
- Early Development to Childbirth: Help and Review
- Overview of Nerves & Senses