About This Chapter
The Brain & Nervous System in Older Adults - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Some changes that take place with aging are obvious even to the untrained eye, while others are more hidden and difficult to detect. In this chapter, instructors will introduce you to the human brain and explain the various types of changes that normally take place as the aging process progresses. You can also learn how moderate use of aerobic exercise may improve the health and functioning of our brains even as we age. After completing this chapter, you should have a better understanding of the topics listed below:
- How our brains and thinking change with age
- Effects of age on our autonomic nervous systems
- Differences between cognitive and emotional processing in aging adults
- Ways that exercise can be a benefit to our brains
|Parts of the Brain||Review the various parts of the human brain.|
|How the Brain & Cognition Changes with Age: Lesson & Quiz||Explore the changes related to age that take place in the brain and cognition.|
|HAROLD & STAC Models of Brain Activation & Aging: Definition & Major Differences||Compare the HAROLD and STAC models of aging and brain activation.|
|How Changes in the Dopaminergic System Affect Cognitive Aging: Lesson & Quiz||Explain the changes related to cognitive aging in the dopaminergic system.|
|Bilateral Activation & Cognitive Functioning: Definition, Lesson & Quiz||Explore the possibility that bilateral activation offers an adaptive role in cognitive functioning for older adults.|
|Neuroplasticity||Learn how brains respond to new experiences or to damage.|
|The Benefits of Exercise on the Developing Brain: Lesson & Quiz||Discuss the positive effects of aerobic exercise on the brain.|
|Emotional Processing vs. Cognitive Processing in the Aging Adult: Differences & Examples||Compare emotional and cognitive processing in older adults.|
|Neurons||Learn about the parts of a neuron and what they do.|
|Changes to the Glia with Age||Look at the changes related to aging in the glial cells in the peripheral and central nervous system.|
|Neurotransmitters||Learn the roles of neurotransmitters in the nervous system.|
|How Age Affects Our Neurons: Major Changes & Their Effects||Discuss the changes that aging brings about in neurons' ability to communicate.|
|How Age Affects our Autonomic Nervous System: Changes and Examples||Explain alterations in the autonomic nervous system related to aging.|
1. Parts of the Brain
Is there a way to easily remember the many parts of the brain? Don't be afraid of all these complex terms; this lesson outlines some easy and fun phrases to help you memorize the brain's anatomy. Let's take a look.
2. How the Brain & Cognition Change with Age
As brains change over time, there are measurable results that effect a person's cognition. This lesson will explore some of the changes that occur to a person's brain as they age.
3. HAROLD & STAC Models of Brain Activation & Aging: Definition & Major Differences
This lesson explores the HAROLD and STAC models of how the brains of younger people will slowly generalize neural activity from one area to many as they get older.
4. How Changes in the Dopaminergic System Affect Cognitive Aging
This lesson examines the changes that occur to the four tracts of the dopaminergic system. We will look at how depredations to each tract lead to a particular type of issue.
5. Bilateral Activation & Cognitive Functioning: Definition & Overview
This lesson looks into what bilateral and unilateral activation is, as well as the machines that allow us to perceive the electrical activity of the brain.
6. What is Neuroplasticity? - Definition & Examples
Is your brain preprogrammed and unchangeable or adaptive and malleable? As you watch this video, you'll explore how the brain, a more resilient and resourceful machine than any computer, responds to damage and new experiences.
7. The Benefits of Exercise on the Developing Brain
The brain continues to change as you age and develop. This lesson examines the interaction of exercise with the brain, and subsequent changes to cognition.
8. Emotional Processing vs. Cognitive Processing in the Aging Adult: Differences & Examples
This lesson explores some of the changes that occur in people as they age. Specifically, we will look at the interaction between the changes in cognition and the changes in emotional processing.
9. What is a Neuron? - Definition, Parts & Function
What are the parts of a neuron? You'll watch Neuron Garciaparra work up a sweat as he throws baseballs to demonstrate the structures and functions of the billions of neurons that reside in your body.
10. Changes to the Glia with Age
Most people have heard of neurons, but did you know that there's another type of brain cell? In this lesson, we'll explore glial cells, what they do, the way they work, what happens to them as we age, and how that can affect us.
11. What is a Neurotransmitter? - Definition, Types, Function & Examples
How do our bodies communicate with our brains and vice versa? In this video, you'll see how neurons and neurotransmitters can be likened to billions of tiny baseball players engaged in a non-stop game of catch.
12. How Age Affects Our Neurons: Major Changes & Their Effects
This lesson briefly explores the process of aging at a cellular level. The neuron is the most vital component of the brain and follows a particular path when aging.
13. How Age Affects Our Autonomic Nervous System: Changes & Examples
In this lesson, we will look at the autonomic nervous system. We'll focus on areas such as reflex and sensations, expanding our understanding of how these change over time.
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Other chapters within the Gerontology for Teachers: Professional Development course
- Introduction to Gerontology
- Political & Ethical Issues in Studying Gerontology
- Research Methods & the Study of Gerontology
- Conducting Ethical Research When Studying Gerontology
- The Demography of Aging
- The Health of Older Adults
- Chronic Conditions of the Aging Population
- The Aging Muscle, Skeletal, and Integumentary Systems
- The Aging Sensory System
- The Aging Circulatory and Respiratory Systems
- The Aging Endocrine and Reproductive Systems
- Attention and Memory of the Aging Population
- The Cognitive Development of Older Adults
- Intelligence, Creativity, & Wisdom in Older Adults
- Mental Health & Lifespan Development Disorders in Older Adults
- Measures of Well-Being in Aging Populations
- Clinical Assessment in Psychology
- Anxiety Disorders Related to Aging
- Substance Use Disorders & Aging Populations
- Cognitive Disorders in Older Adults
- Personality & Older Adulthood
- Mood and Stress Disorders
- Treatment Methods for Psychological Disorders in Adults
- Aging in Society: Social Implications for Older Adults
- Interpersonal Relationships of Older Adults
- The Economics of Aging
- Work in Late Adulthood
- Work, Leisure & Community Involvement in Retirement
- Politics and Policy for Older Adults
- Dying and Bereavement in Older Adults