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- Name the major parts of the brain and describe their functions.
- List the structures and functions of the cerebral cortex.
- Learn the terminology used to describe the major anatomical structures of the human brain.
- Explain how the right and left hemispheres of the brain communicate with one another.
- Describe the parts and functions of the brain stem.
- Understand how blood is supplied to the brain.
- Explain how cerebrospinal fluid is produced and how it protects the brain.
1. Early Brain Development: Major Parts & Functions
In this lesson, we take a look at your brain when you were the size of a peanut and your brain the size of a pea. What major structures did your brain have back then? What were they called? And most interestingly, how do these structures affect your life today?
2. Brain Structures and Functions Part I
The brain's complexity can often be difficult to understand because it serves so many important functions. In this lesson, you'll get a little help from Nrr, the alien biologist, who will guide you through understanding the structure and functions of the human brain.
3. The Cerebral Cortex: Brain Structures and Functions Part II
Check out this video lesson to learn about the four lobes of the human brain - the frontal, parietal, occipital and temporal. You'll learn about the functions and processes of each region.
4. Gross Anatomy of the Human Brain: Major Anatomical Structures and Terminology
In this video, you'll find out how and why we divide our brain into major sections. It's not just random names and games. You'll learn about where these divisions occur, what we call them, and what they separate.
5. The Brain Hemispheres: Left Brain/Right Brain Communication and Control
Ever heard of a split personality? How about a split brain? Well, we can't be sure about the personality one, but brains can be split in two! In this lesson, you'll learn that and much more on how the brain communicates within itself.
6. Parts of the Brain Stem: The Medulla Oblongata and Pons
In this lesson, we'll learn how you are able to breathe without even thinking about it. You'll also find out why you breathe faster when you run. Finally, we'll learn where things as diverse as sneezing and blood pressure are controlled.
7. Brain Blood Supply: Anatomy & Diagrams
You'll never look at a shopping mall the same way again once you learn in this lesson how similar it is to your brain. We'll also find out why connections between blood vessels are important and how your brain protects itself against toxic substances in your blood.
8. Cerebrospinal Fluid in the Brain: Functions & Production
In this lesson, you'll learn that you have holes in your brain and that it's actually a good thing! You'll also find out how your brain uses a water cushion for protection and where this water cushion is made.
9. What Are the Brain's Functions? - Overview
You probably know that your brain is responsible for your movements, sensations and thoughts. But do you know which parts of your brain are responsible for which roles? Read on to learn more about how your brain works!
10. Brain Ventricles: Definition & Function
Brain ventricles perform several functions that help keep the central nervous system healthy. Learn how these processes interact to produce a stable environment where your brain can function properly. Then, review these concepts with a quiz.
11. Broca's Area: Function & Definition
The brain is very complex and is composed of many crucial parts. Each of these parts perform a specific function. In this lesson you will learn about Broca's area.
12. Diencephalon: Definition, Location & Function
The diencephalon is a part of the brain that is responsible for many functions in the human body. In this lesson, you will learn about the diencephalon, including its location, parts, and functions.
13. Frontal Lobes of the Brain: Function, Overview
A man can get a 1.25-inch diameter iron rod to shoot through his brain and survive. This event helped scientists to learn about the functions of the frontal lobes of our brains. This lesson will go through these functions and some of the cases that led to the different discoveries.
14. Midbrain: Definition, Function & Structures
In this lesson, we'll explore the midbrain, including where it's located, what structures compose it, and what its role is in the functions of your brain.
15. Reticular Formation: Definition & Functions
The reticular formation is a group of nuclei found throughout the brain stem. What do these nuclei do? How does their functioning affect your daily life? Complete this lesson to learn more about this important structure.
16. What Is Synovial Fluid? - Definition & Function
Learn information about synovial fluid and how it functions within our bodies to aid in movement. You'll also learn about why synovial fluid is so important to us.
17. What is the Pineal Gland?
Sleep is essential for all of us, but difficult for some. For those who have trouble, sometimes the solution lies in resetting our internal clocks by retraining our pineal glands. This lesson defines the pineal gland, explains how essential its production of melatonin is, and outlines a possible secondary effect that melatonin has on the body.
18. What is Brain Mapping? - Test & Techniques
Wouldn't it be awesome if we could create a map of the brain that lets doctors, scientists, and researchers know the different parts and how they work? Turns out we have created one. Complete this lesson to find out what brain mapping is and how it works.
19. Prefrontal Cortex: Definition, Function & Development
The prefrontal cortex is getting a lot of love and attention in the media lately, but what does it actually do and how does it develop? Watch this video to brush up on your knowledge of our frontal lobe friend, the prefrontal cortex.
20. Functions of the Premotor Cortex
The premotor cortex is an important part of the brain. Are you fluent on what it does? Read on to brush up on basic brain anatomy and learn about the premotor cortex.
21. Primary Motor Cortex: Location & Function
Your brain has many jobs, from blinking your eyes to reaching for food. The primary motor cortex is central to movement. How does this work? In this lesson, learn about your amazing brain.
22. Telencephalon: Definition & Function
In this lesson, you'll learn about a division of the forebrain called the telencephalon. You'll learn about the functions of its structures and disorders that can result when these areas are damaged.
23. Somatosensory Cortex: Definition, Location & Function
This lesson is about the somatosensory cortex and it will cover what the somatosensory cortex is, where it is located in the brain, and what functions it serves within the body.
24. Forebrain: Definition & Function
In this lesson we will discuss the area of your brain known as the forebrain. We will explore what it is, where it is located in the brain, and what structures compose this amazing organ.
25. The Vestibular System: Definition, Anatomy & Function
You rely on your sense of balance to do everything from walking and running to skateboarding, snowboarding, and surfing. In this lesson, we'll explore the vestibular system and find out how it constructs your sense of balance.
26. Dr. Wilder Penfield: Biography & Research
Wilder Penfield has contributed some of the most important research to the medical community in the last century. Through this lesson, you will learn about his background and explore some of the theories and findings that have made him an icon in the world of medicine.
27. What is a Brain Lesion? - Symptoms, Causes & Treatment
Have you heard of a brain lesion? Do you know what causes them? Should you worry about having one? In this lesson you will learn what a brain lesion is as well as its symptoms and treatment options, then test your knowledge with a quiz.
28. Split Brain: Definition, Research & Experiments
Our brains contain two hemispheres. What happens if you disconnect those hemispheres from one another? This lesson addresses that question through an investigation into the concept of a split brain.
29. Cortex: Definition, Function & Layers
In this lesson, we are going to explore what the word ~'cortex~' means and then focus on its application to the cerebral cortex and explore the areas, functions, and structures within this area of the brain.
30. Corticospinal Tract: Function & Anatomy
This lesson will describe the brain's main sections as well as the motor cortext, where the corticospinal tract originates. The function and anatomy of the tract will also be detailed.
31. Types of Brain Scans
Various types of brain scans exist, and they can be used for many different reasons. Some are used independently, while other are used in conjunction with additional medical testing. Read on to learn more about the most commonly used brain scans.
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