Ch 2: The Bronze & Iron Ages

About This Chapter

The Bronze & Iron Ages chapter of this Major Eras in World History Study Guide course is the most efficient way to study defining characteristics of the Bronze and Iron ages. This chapter uses simple and fun videos that are about five minutes long, plus includes lesson quizzes and a chapter exam to ensure you understand the essential concepts relating to these eras.

Who's It For?

Anyone who needs help learning or mastering Bronze or Iron age material will benefit from the lessons in this chapter. There is no faster or easier way to learn about the history of the Bronze and Iron ages. Among those who would benefit are:

  • Students who want to learn a broad topic in a short amount of time
  • Students who are looking for easy ways to identify the most important information on the topic
  • Students who have fallen behind in memorizing events and people associated with the empires of the Bronze and Iron ages
  • Students who prefer multiple ways of learning world history (visual or auditory)
  • Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
  • Students who have limited time to study for an upcoming exam

How It Works:

  • Watch each video in the course to review all key topics
  • Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
  • Test your understanding of each lesson with a short quiz.
  • Complete your review with the Bronze & Iron Ages chapter exam.

Why It Works:

  • Study Efficiently: The lessons in this course cover only information you need to know.
  • Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
  • Be Ready on Test Day: Take the Bronze & Iron Ages chapter exam to make sure you're prepared.
  • Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any questions about the Bronze or Iron ages. They're here to help!
  • Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.

Students Will Review:

This chapter summarizes the material students need to know about the Bronze and Iron ages for a standard world history course. Topics covered include:

  • Ancient Egypt's evolution through the Bronze age
  • Heinrich Schliemann's discovery of major Bronze age Grecian cities
  • The history of metallurgy
  • The collapse of the Bronze age
  • Iron age empires, including the Neo-Babylonian, Neo-Assyrian and Persian empires

20 Lessons in Chapter 2: The Bronze & Iron Ages
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Ancient Egypt in the Bronze Age

1. Ancient Egypt in the Bronze Age

This lecture first compares the natural features of the Nile valley to those of Mesopotamia, enumerating the advantages that geography offered the Egyptians. This is followed by a brief discussion of why Egyptian material culture survives while so much of Mesopotamian culture has been lost. The lecture ends with a a whirlwind tour through 3,000 years of Egyptian history broken up into traditional historical periods.

Bronze Age Greece: Schliemann's Quest for Troy

2. Bronze Age Greece: Schliemann's Quest for Troy

This lecture covers the history of Bronze Age Greece, beginning with the discovery of its greatest city, Mycenae, by Heinrich Schliemann, emphasizing that the quest to find these cities was inspired by works of classical literature. It then describes the architecture of Mycenae and some of the relics found there. Finally, the lesson examines the Mycenaean achievement and its place in Western history.

Iron vs. Bronze: History of Metallurgy

3. Iron vs. Bronze: History of Metallurgy

This lecture explores the transition from the bronze age to the iron age. The difficulties of working with iron are enumerated. The properties of iron and steel are compared to those of bronze. Finally the implications for this transition on civilization are considered.

Iron Age Empires: Neo-Babylonian, Neo-Assyrian and Persian Empires

4. Iron Age Empires: Neo-Babylonian, Neo-Assyrian and Persian Empires

This lesson is a survey of the three empires that emerged after the Bronze Age collapse. Parts of the survey are viewed from the perspective of the Israelites, who found themselves the playthings of powerful empires. The lecture focuses on a few specific rulers and their impact on their empires. It also traces patterns of imperial tactics throughout this period and region.

Bronze Age: Timeline & Explanation

5. Bronze Age: Timeline & Explanation

When metallurgists discovered tin could be combined with copper to create a stronger metal, bronze became invaluable in the creation of weapons and tools. The Bronze Age is the time in which bronze was the primary material used in many cultures.

The Bronze Age Collapse: History & Concept

6. The Bronze Age Collapse: History & Concept

In this lesson we explore the Bronze Age Collapse, one of the most tumultuous time periods in ancient history. Characterized by a fast and marked decrease in urban life, the Collapse set many civilizations back several centuries.

Mesopotamia & Ancient Egypt: Similarities & Differences

7. Mesopotamia & Ancient Egypt: Similarities & Differences

Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt were two of the earliest known civilizations. While maintaining individual identities, they shared several similarities and were responsible for several important technologies that we continue to rely on in one way or another today.

Mesopotamian Demons & Monsters

8. Mesopotamian Demons & Monsters

Ancient Mesopotamians believed that demons and monsters were part of their daily life. In this lesson, find out how their ideas about these kinds of creatures differs somewhat from how we view them today.

Mesopotamia: Geography & Climate

9. Mesopotamia: Geography & Climate

While many people imagine ancient Mesopotamia as a hot and dry region, its inhabitants settled there because of the plentiful water supply. Continue reading to learn more about the climate as well as the natural and political geography of Mesopotamia in this lesson.

Mesopotamian Writing System & Development

10. Mesopotamian Writing System & Development

Did ancient Mesopotamians communicate with one another in writing? If so, how did their writing system come into existence and what do we call this system today?

Mesopotamian Warfare: Weapons & Tactics

11. Mesopotamian Warfare: Weapons & Tactics

Have you ever wondered what kinds of weapons the ancient Mesopotamians had? Did they ever engage in psychological warfare? Find out in this lesson on ancient Mesopotamian weapons and warfare tactics.

Mesopotamian Trade Routes & Transportation

12. Mesopotamian Trade Routes & Transportation

This lesson explores the ways by which ancient Mesopotamian's traded. You'll learn about their major routes and what they used to transport their goods using land and water.

Mesopotamian Trade Products & Economy

13. Mesopotamian Trade Products & Economy

This lesson describes the essentials of the ancient Mesopotamian trade economy. You're also going to learn some of the specific products and places that were involved in this trade.

Mesopotamia: Food & Drink

14. Mesopotamia: Food & Drink

Step back in culinary time as we take a look at ancient Mesopotamian food and drink. You'll note that some of the diet is similar to yours, but other things may be anything but.

Mesopotamia: Holidays & Festivals

15. Mesopotamia: Holidays & Festivals

This lesson outlines some of the many different kinds of holidays and festivals ancient Mesopotamians engaged in. You'll also learn how they might have celebrated these festivals as well.

Elamite Empire: Art & Culture

16. Elamite Empire: Art & Culture

The ancient civilization of Elam, located in modern day Iran, was known for its sophisticated artwork as well as the establishment of a culture whose influence would continue throughout millennia and the major empires of Babylon and Medo Persia.

Mesopotamian Animals: Wild & Domesticated

17. Mesopotamian Animals: Wild & Domesticated

Have you ever wondered what animals roamed ancient Mesopotamia? Hint: some no longer do. Did ancient Mesopotamians keep cats as pets? You'll learn in this lesson.

Nimrud: History, Treasure & Destruction

18. Nimrud: History, Treasure & Destruction

Nimrud was a major city in the Assyrian Empire. Located in modern Iraq, the city was destroyed numerous times. Archaeological excavations on Nimrud ran from the 1840s to the 1950s, yielding discoveries that included the Nimrud ivories.

The Phrygian Kingdom: Definition, Geography & History

19. The Phrygian Kingdom: Definition, Geography & History

The Greeks wrote about many interesting people in their world, but the Phrygians certainly stood out. In this lesson, we'll learn about these people and separate myth from fact.

Who were the Ancient Germanic Batavi Tribe?

20. Who were the Ancient Germanic Batavi Tribe?

Ancient Europe was a diverse place, filled with small but unique cultures. One society to have a pretty large impact were the Batavi. In this lesson, we'll learn about this Germanic tribe and see how they played into European history.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.