About This Chapter
The Civil War & the Indian Wars - Chapter Summary
The lessons in this chapter look at the causes and impact of the Civil War. Our instructors talk about events that portended the conflict, including the publication of Uncle Tom's Cabin and the election of Abraham Lincoln to the presidency. You'll learn about the Emancipation Proclamation and how the war impacted the nation.
Other lessons explore Reconstruction, including how the newly-freed African Americans lived. This chapter also includes a lesson on the conflicts between settlers in the West and the Native Americans who lived there. After watching these videos, you should have an understanding of the following topics:
- Rising tensions over slavery in the 1850s
- The Lincoln-Douglas Debates
- Secession of the Confederate states
- The legacy of the Emancipation Proclamation
- How the war impacted the economy
- Lincoln's plans for the Union after the war
- The South after the war
- The Indian Wars in the West
You can watch these lessons on a computer, smartphone or tablet. Our format lets you progress at your own pace, and video tags allow you to quickly find key topics in the videos that you want to review. If you still have questions, you can contact the instructor.
1. Uncle Tom's Cabin and Tension Over Slavery in the 1850s
Uncle Tom's Cabin captured the plight of slaves in the 1850s like no other book. The novel, coupled with the Missouri Compromise and the Fugitive Slave Act, served to further strain the country, which was at a breaking point over the issue of slavery. This lesson details these events.
2. The Lincoln-Douglas Debates of 1858: Summary & Significance
In an effort to secure their own appointments to the U.S. Senate, Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas squared off in a series of seven debates in 1858. Find out why Douglas might have won in the short term but Lincoln won in the long term.
3. Lincoln's Election, Southern Secession & the New Confederacy
Learn about how Abraham Lincoln's election in the contentious 1860 presidential race set off a domino effect leading to the secession of South Carolina and six other states and the formation of the Confederate States of America.
4. Civil War Begins: Northern and Southern Advantages Compared
At the outbreak of the American Civil War, both the North and South believed the conflict would be over quickly. But advantages for both the Confederacy and the Union meant a prolonged war between the states. In this lesson, discover some of the advantages that the North and South had.
5. The Emancipation Proclamation: Creation, Context and Legacy
On January 1, 1863, President Abraham Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation went into effect. More than three million slaves in the South were freed, but the move was not without its critics, both then and now.
6. How the Civil War Affected the Economy and Everyday Life in the North and South
With the strongest and most productive demographic of society away fighting in the Civil War, the task of running homes, communities, and the nation fell to those who stayed behind. The war on the home front changed their lives forever.
7. President Lincoln's Legacy: Plans for a Reconstructed Union
Before the guns of the American Civil War fell silent, President Abraham Lincoln was making plans for the reconstruction of the South. In this lesson, learn what his plans involved and the controversy surrounding them.
8. Reconstruction's Effects on African Americans: Politics, Education and Economy
The era in U.S. history known as Reconstruction presented many new opportunities to African Americans, especially in the South. For the first time, freedmen were free to pursue economic independence, education, religion and politics. These pursuits are embodied in the accomplishments of four men: Alonzo Herndon, Booker T. Washington, Jonathan Gibbs and Hiram Revels.
9. Life in the South After the Civil War
Following the Civil War, the era of Reconstruction was a difficult time for Southerners. Their land was destroyed, their political institutions were overrun by outsiders, the economy was in transition and their society was in upheaval. It was in this climate that the Ku Klux Klan was born and the Redeemers sought to reestablish the Old South.
10. The Indian Wars: Struggle Between Native Americans and Settlers
As America expanded into the West, whites often encroached on Indian land and resources. Many Native Americans defended their territory, leading to a series of conflicts known as the Indian Wars.
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Other chapters within the High School US History: Help and Review course
- First Contacts: Help and Review
- American History Before the Revolution
- Settling North America: Help and Review
- The Road to Revolution: Help and Review
- The American Revolution: Help and Review
- The Making of a New Nation: Help and Review
- The Virginia Dynasty: Help and Review
- Jacksonian Democracy: Help and Review
- Life in Antebellum America: Help and Review
- Manifest Destiny: Help and Review
- Sectional Crisis: Help and Review
- American Civil War: Help and Review
- Reconstruction: Help and Review
- Westward Expansion, Industrialization & Urbanization: Help and Review
- The Progressive Era: Help and Review
- American Imperialism: Help and Review
- The Roaring 20s: Help and Review
- The Great Depression: Help and Review
- The US in World War ll: Help and Review
- Post-War World: Help and Review
- The Cold War in America: Help and Review
- Protests, Activism and Civil Disobedience: Help and Review
- The 1970s: Help and Review
- The Rise of Political Conservatism: Help and Review
- Contemporary America: Help and Review
- History Resources
- The Second American Industrial Revolution
- The Progressive Era in America
- The Great Depression in America
- Life in the Early American Colonies
- The Constitution of the United States
- History Vocabulary & Concepts
- Historical Research
- Post-War America