About This Chapter
The Classical Music Period - Chapter Summary
This series of music history lessons examines the the Classical period in music. These short lessons and self-assessment quizzes will help you identify important composers from the time period and evaluate their symphonies, operas and instruments. The chapter can be accessed on any computer or mobile device, which allows you to study at school, at home or when you're on-the-go. If you need any extra help, feel free to submit your questions to our expert music history instructors. Upon completion of the chapter, you should be able to:
- Evaluate the connection between music and art during the Classical period
- Recognize composers of the Classical era
- Describe the characteristics of Classical-era instrumental music and operas
- Understand how composers utilized the piano during the time period
- Summarize the history of the symphony
- Compare and contrast symphonies from Mozart, Haydn and Beethoven
1. Classical Music and Art: How Music Connected to Art in the Classical Period
Did you know that the word 'classical' in 'Classical music' is a reference to 'classical' Greek and Roman art? In this lesson, we'll talk about how the culture of Ancient Greece and Rome influenced both music and art during music's Classical Period.
2. Classical Era Composers: Mozart, Haydn & Beethoven
Haydn, Mozart, and Beethoven are the three composers who epitomize music's Classical period. In this lesson, we'll explore their life stories and learn about the kinds of music they wrote.
3. Instrumental Music in the Classical Era
During music's Classical period, instrumental music was popular entertainment in both the concert hall and the home. In this lesson, we'll look at four popular genres of Classical-era instrumental music: symphony, concerto, string quartet, and sonata.
4. The Piano: Instrument Definition, Characteristics and Usage
The piano is central to so many of today's music genres, but did you know that it first became popular during music's Classical Period? In this lesson, we'll look at the history of the piano, find out how it works, and learn about the role it played in Classical-era music.
5. The Symphony: History, Parts and Function in Society
During the Classical Period, the genre of symphony was considered the highest form of instrumental music. In this lesson, we'll look at how the symphony developed and the part it played in Classical-era culture.
6. Classical Era Opera: Mozart and Popular Operas
Classical era opera offers a dramatic reflection of the society of its time. Read on to learn about opera seria and opera buffa, the two popular styles of Classical era opera.
7. Mozart: Operas, Symphonies & Piano Concerti
Mozart was one of the top composers of music's Classical period. In this lesson, we'll look at three categories of his greatest works: the genres of opera, symphony, and piano concerto.
8. Haydn: Symphonies and Compositions for String Quartet
Franz Joseph Haydn was one of the preeminent composers of music's Classical period and also one of the best jokesters in the history of music. In this lesson, we'll focus on two music genres in which Haydn stood out: symphony and string quartet.
9. Beethoven: Symphonies & Shift from Classical to Romantic
It's not every day that a musician comes along and changes the world's perception of music, but that's just what Ludwig van Beethoven did. In this lesson, we'll explore how his nine symphonies helped inspire the intense 19th-century musical style called Romanticism.
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