Ch 14: The Cognitive Development of Older Adults

About This Chapter

Make use of video lessons and self-assessment quizzes to learn how cognition changes in adults as they age. These video lessons are short and engaging and make learning easy!

The Cognitive Development of Older Adults - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

Late adulthood, or the time after age 65, brings many changes in thinking processes. Many of these changes are negative, but some are positive. In this chapter, instructors will guide you through the types of variations that occur in human cognition over time. You can also find out why reaction time and overall psychomotor performance in seniors changes. As you reach the end of this chapter, you should be able to do the following:

  • Explain the changes in the thinking processes for older adults
  • Understand language acquisition and information processing
  • List and explain the stages of cognitive development according to Piaget
  • Discuss why psychomotor performance and reaction time change as adults reach late adulthood

Video Objectives
What is Cognition? Learn about two types of cognition, including heuristics and reasoning.
Cognitive Development in Late Adulthood Discuss the changes in memory, information processing and problem solving in older adults.
What Is Language? Explain how meaning is formed in language.
Language Acquisition List the main stages of language acquisition.
Information Processing Discuss the three processes involved in memory.
Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development Explain the preoperational, sensorimotor, concrete operational and formal operational stages.
Reaction Time & Psychomotor Performance of Older Individuals Understand why reaction time and psychomotor performance change as individuals age.

7 Lessons in Chapter 14: The Cognitive Development of Older Adults
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
What is Cognition?

1. What is Cognition?

People think in different ways, and thoughts are an important part of who you are. In this lesson, we'll look at cognition, including two common types of cognition: reasoning and heuristics.

Cognitive Development in Late Adulthood

2. Cognitive Development in Late Adulthood

Many people are aware of some of the memory problems older adults have, but did you know that they become better at some types of thinking? In this lesson, we'll examine the positive and negative cognitive changes in late life.

What Is Language?

3. What Is Language?

Have you ever wondered how human language is constructed to form meaning? Why is language more complex than animal calls? In this lesson, we'll take a look at the basic units language and learn how meaning is formed.

Language Acquisition: Definition, Theories & Stages

4. Language Acquisition: Definition, Theories & Stages

Have you ever wondered how humans are able to learn, process, comprehend and speak a language? In this lesson on language acquisition, we'll take a look at some distinctions between languages and learn how babies come to understand and speak a language.

Information Processing: Encoding, Storage & Retrieval

5. Information Processing: Encoding, Storage & Retrieval

How does your brain remember information and recall it later? In this lesson, you'll look at the steps your brain takes as it processes data from short-term memory and stores it as long-term memory.

Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development

6. Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development

How does a child's thinking change as she gets older? When does she learn about object permanence, conservation and abstract reasoning? You'll see that thought processes we take for granted as adults are actually important milestones in a child's cognitive development.

Reaction Time & Psychomotor Performance of Older Individuals

7. Reaction Time & Psychomotor Performance of Older Individuals

As people age, they become less coordinated, and they react to things more slowly. In this lesson, we'll explore what's happening and why people experience a decline in psychomotor performance and reaction time as they get older.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

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