About This Chapter
The Cognitive Development of Older Adults - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Late adulthood, or the time after age 65, brings many changes in thinking processes. Many of these changes are negative, but some are positive. In this chapter, instructors will guide you through the types of variations that occur in human cognition over time. You can also find out why reaction time and overall psychomotor performance in seniors changes. As you reach the end of this chapter, you should be able to do the following:
- Explain the changes in the thinking processes for older adults
- Understand language acquisition and information processing
- List and explain the stages of cognitive development according to Piaget
- Discuss why psychomotor performance and reaction time change as adults reach late adulthood
|What is Cognition?||Learn about two types of cognition, including heuristics and reasoning.|
|Cognitive Development in Late Adulthood||Discuss the changes in memory, information processing and problem solving in older adults.|
|What Is Language?||Explain how meaning is formed in language.|
|Language Acquisition||List the main stages of language acquisition.|
|Information Processing||Discuss the three processes involved in memory.|
|Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development||Explain the preoperational, sensorimotor, concrete operational and formal operational stages.|
|Reaction Time & Psychomotor Performance of Older Individuals||Understand why reaction time and psychomotor performance change as individuals age.|
1. What is Cognition?
People think in different ways, and thoughts are an important part of who you are. In this lesson, we'll look at cognition, including two common types of cognition: reasoning and heuristics.
2. Cognitive Development in Late Adulthood
Many people are aware of some of the memory problems older adults have, but did you know that they become better at some types of thinking? In this lesson, we'll examine the positive and negative cognitive changes in late life.
3. What Is Language?
Have you ever wondered how human language is constructed to form meaning? Why is language more complex than animal calls? In this lesson, we'll take a look at the basic units language and learn how meaning is formed.
4. Language Acquisition: Definition, Theories & Stages
Have you ever wondered how humans are able to learn, process, comprehend and speak a language? In this lesson on language acquisition, we'll take a look at some distinctions between languages and learn how babies come to understand and speak a language.
5. Information Processing: Encoding, Storage & Retrieval
How does your brain remember information and recall it later? In this lesson, you'll look at the steps your brain takes as it processes data from short-term memory and stores it as long-term memory.
6. Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development
How does a child's thinking change as she gets older? When does she learn about object permanence, conservation and abstract reasoning? You'll see that thought processes we take for granted as adults are actually important milestones in a child's cognitive development.
7. Reaction Time & Psychomotor Performance of Older Individuals
As people age, they become less coordinated, and they react to things more slowly. In this lesson, we'll explore what's happening and why people experience a decline in psychomotor performance and reaction time as they get older.
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Other chapters within the Gerontology for Teachers: Professional Development course
- Introduction to Gerontology
- Political & Ethical Issues in Studying Gerontology
- Research Methods & the Study of Gerontology
- Conducting Ethical Research When Studying Gerontology
- The Demography of Aging
- The Health of Older Adults
- Chronic Conditions of the Aging Population
- The Brain & Nervous System in Older Adults
- The Aging Muscle, Skeletal, and Integumentary Systems
- The Aging Sensory System
- The Aging Circulatory and Respiratory Systems
- The Aging Endocrine and Reproductive Systems
- Attention and Memory of the Aging Population
- Intelligence, Creativity, & Wisdom in Older Adults
- Mental Health & Lifespan Development Disorders in Older Adults
- Measures of Well-Being in Aging Populations
- Clinical Assessment in Psychology
- Anxiety Disorders Related to Aging
- Substance Use Disorders & Aging Populations
- Cognitive Disorders in Older Adults
- Personality & Older Adulthood
- Mood and Stress Disorders
- Treatment Methods for Psychological Disorders in Adults
- Aging in Society: Social Implications for Older Adults
- Interpersonal Relationships of Older Adults
- The Economics of Aging
- Work in Late Adulthood
- Work, Leisure & Community Involvement in Retirement
- Politics and Policy for Older Adults
- Dying and Bereavement in Older Adults